Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2020 | 27 | 1 |

Tytuł artykułu

Increasing role of three-point field goals in National Basketball Association


Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Introduction. Since introduction of three-point field goal NBA teams have used this shot more frequently and nowadays it is inseparable part of teams’ game plan in basketball. The increasing role of three-point shot is recently topic of many conversation around basketball. Aim of Study. The purpose of this study was to examine if the growth of the role of three-point shots in the NBA is statistically significant, to find out the reason for that growth and whether three-point field goal attempts have an impact on result of basketball games. Material and Methods. Statistical data concerning three-point field goal attempts over the course of 15 most recent NBA regular seasons were collected and used in analysis. Increasing role of threepoint shot was examined by original method, using 3PA/FGA coefficient which measures the frequency of three-point field goal attempts in all field goal attempts. Statistical calculations were carried out using STATISTICA software package. Results. Statistically significant differences in frequency of three-point field goal attempts between seasons taken in consideration were revealed by Friedman’s ANOVA. Results also showed that the biggest increase of frequency of three-point shots was between 2015/16 and 2016/17 seasons after the most successful regular season in NBA history by Golden State Warriors. Conclusions. Three-point field goal became one of the most important part of basketball and its role has increased over the years. Nowadays ability to shoot from beyond the arc is crucial as lack of this ability decreases number of options in offensive tactic by any team. Even though three-point field goal is not the most important factor in determining winner of basketball game, it has significant impact on result of basketball games.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poznan, Poland


  • 1. Belk JW, Marshall HA, McCarty EC, Kraeutler MJ. The effect of regular-season rest on playoff performance among players in the National Basketball Association. Orthop J Sports Med. 2017; 5(10).
  • 2. Davis S. The coach who designed the offense that changed the NBA nearly failed before he started. Business Insider. 2017 Dec 3. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 3. Drakos MC, Domb B, Starkey C, Callahan L, Allen AA. Injury in the National Basketball Association: a 17-year overview. Sports Health. 2010; 2(4): 284-290.
  • 4. Goldsberry K. How mapping shots in the NBA changed it forever. FiveThirtyEight. 2019 May 2. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 5. Goldsberry K. The NBA is obsessed with 3s, so let’s finally fix the thing. ESPN. 2019 Apr 30. Retrived Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 6. Haberstroh T. Lies, damned lies and statistics: the confusing analytics of the NBA’s 3-point obsession. NBC Sports. 2019 Dec 6. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from
  • 7. Ibañez SJ, Garcia-Rubio J, Gomez MA, Gonzalez-Espinoza S. The impact of rule modifications on elite basketball teams’ performance. J Hum Kinet. 2018; 64: 181-193.
  • 8. Ibañez SJ, Sampaio J, Buñuel P, Giménez FuentesGuerra J, Janeira M. Game statistics discriminating the final outcome of Junior World Basketball Championship matches (Portugal 1999). J Hum Mov Stud. 2003; 45: 001-019.
  • 9. Kram Z. The 3-point boom is far from over. The Ringer. 2019 Feb 27. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 10. Mather V. How the N.B.A. 3-point shot went from gimmick to game changer. NYTimes. 2016 Jan 20, B: 15.
  • 11. Meng A. How the three-point line changed the NBA and the game of basketball. NYC Data Science Academy. 2018 Nov 5. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 12. Moxley JH, Towne TJ. Predicting success in the National Basketball Association: stability & potential. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2015 Jan; 16(1): 128-136.
  • 13. Pluta B, Andrzejewski M. Analysis of team sports results based on the European basketball men’s championships. Trends Sport Sci. 2018; 1(25): 21-27.
  • 14. Pluta B, Andrzejewski M, Lira J. The effects of rule changes on basketball game results in the men’s European Basketball Championships. Hum Mov Sci. 2014; 15(4): 204-208.
  • 15. Pollard R, Pollard G. Long-term trends in home advantage in professional team sports in North America and England (1876-2003). J Sports Sci. 2005; 23: 337-350.
  • 16. Sahrom S, Chen S, Tan F, Kong PW, Lee M. Short-term influence of rule changes on match characteristics in water polo. JPES. 2018; 72(1): 503-511.
  • 17. Shea S. The 3-point revolution. ShotTracker. 2018. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 18. Starkey C. Injuries and illnesses in the National Basketball Association: a 10-year perspective. J Athl Train. 2000; 35(2): 161-167.
  • 19. Teramoto M, Cross CL. Importance of team height to winning games in the National Basketball Association. Int J Sports Sci Coa. 2017; 13(4): 559-568.
  • 20. Wood R. The history of 3-pointer. USA Basketball. 2011 Jun 15. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:
  • 21. Zhu A. Three is greater than two. Sports Analytics Group Berkeley. 2019 Jan 7. Retrieved Nov 18, 2019, from:

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.