PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2018 | 87 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Seed germination and invasion success of Poa annua L. in Antarctica

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
One of the first steps to successful invasion of plant species that reproduce sexually is seed germination, which may be highly influenced by climatic conditions. We studied Poa annua, a cosmopolitan species found across all climatic zones and the only alien species that has successfully colonized the Antarctic. Our research questions were: (i) if harsh polar conditions restrict seed germination of P. annua and (ii) if the germination capacity of the Antarctic population of the species is due to high germination aptitude in the source population. We compared germination of seeds collected from eight populations around the world (maritime Antarctica, S Chile, W Argentina and E Argentina, NE USA, SW Croatia, C Poland and S Poland). We followed germination of seeds collected in the field and acquired from plants cultivated under unified optimal conditions. We found significant differences between populations in germination characteristics of seeds collected in the field. These could be associated with seed ripening in different locations. Seeds obtained under favorable conditions differed in stratification requirements. The germination potential of the Antarctic population is lowered by unfavorable polar conditions impacting seed maturation. Thus, the species’ invasion in the Antarctic seems highly restricted by the harsh environment. Environmental unsuitability may restrict invasions of other species in the same way potentially. However, this environmental barrier protecting Antarctica from invasions may be broken under a climate warming scenario.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
87
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
Article 3606 [11p.],fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Biological and Chemical Research Center, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 101, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Biological and Chemical Research Center, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 101, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland
  • Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland
  • Biological and Chemical Research Center, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 101, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Galera H, Chwedorzewska KJ, Korczak-Abshire M, Wódkiewicz M. What affects the probability of biological invasions in Antarctica? Using an expanded conceptual framework to anticipate the risk of alien species expansion. Biodivers Conserv. 2018;27:1789–1809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1547-5
  • 2. Hughes KA, Pertierra LR. Evaluation of non-native species policy development and implementation within the Antarctic Treaty area. Biol Conserv. 2016;200:149–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.011
  • 3. Chwedorzewska KJ, Giełwanowska I, Olech M, Molina-Montenegro MA, Wódkiewicz M, Galera H. Poa annua L. in the maritime-Antarctic – an overview. Polar Rec. 2015;51:637–643. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0032247414000916
  • 4. Galera H, Wódkiewicz M, Czyż E, Łapiński S, Kowalska ME, Pasik M, et al. First step to eradication of Poa annua L. from Point Thomas Oasis (King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica). Polar Biol. 2017;40:939–945. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-016-2006-y
  • 5. Wódkiewicz M, Galera H, Chwedorzewska KJ, Giełwanowska I, Olech M. Diaspores of the introduced species Poa annua L. in soil samples from King George Island (South Shetlands, Antarctica). Arct Antarct Alp Res. 2013;45:415–419. https://doi.org/10.1657/1938-4246-45.3.415
  • 6. Wódkiewicz M, Ziemiański M, Kwiecień K, Chwedorzewska KJ, Galera H. Spatial structure of the soil seed bank of Poa annua L. – alien species in the Antarctica. Biodivers Conserv. 2014;23:1339–1346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-014-0668-8
  • 7. Wódkiewicz M, Chwedorzewska KJ, Bednarek PT, Znój A, Androsiuk P, Galera H. How much of the invader’s genetic variability can slip between our fingers? A case study of secondary dispersal of Poa annua on King George Island (Antarctica). Ecol Evol. 2018;8:592–600. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3675
  • 8. Blackburn TM, Pyšek P, Bacher S, Carlton JT, Duncan RP, Jarošík, V, et al. A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Trends Ecol Evol. 2011;26:333–339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023
  • 9. Bond W, Davies G, Turner R. The biology and non-chemical control of annual meadow-grass (Poa annua L.) [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2018 Jun 19]. Available from: http://www.gardenorganic.org.uk/weeds/annual-meadow-grass
  • 10. Donohue K, Rubio de Casas R, Burghardt L, Kovach K, Willis CG. Germination, postgermination adaptation, and species ecological ranges. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst. 2010;41:293–319. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144715
  • 11. Ferreras AE, Galetto L. From seed production to seedling establishment: important steps in an invasive process. Acta Oecol (Montrouge). 2010;36:211–218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2009.12.005
  • 12. Wu L, Till-Bottraud I, Torres A. Genetic differentiation in temperature enforced seed dormancy among golf course populations of Poa annua L. New Phytol. 1987;107:623– 631. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1987.tb02932.x
  • 13. Meyer SE, Kitchen SG. Life history variation in blue flax (Linum perenne: Linaceae): seed germination phenology. Am J Bot. 1994;81(5):528–535. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1994.tb15481.x
  • 14. Qaderi MM, Cavers PB. Interpopulation and interyear variation in germination in Scotch thistle Onopordum acanthium L., grown in a common garden: genetics vs environment. Plant Ecol. 2002;162:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020301912965
  • 15. Bischoff A, Vonlanthen B, Thomas Steinger, Müller-Schärer H. Seed provenance matters – effects on germination of four plant species used for ecological restoration. Basic Appl Ecol. 2006;7(4):347–359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2005.07.009
  • 16. Blumenthal DM, Hufbauer RA. Increased plant size in exotic populations: a common-garden test with 14 invasive species. Ecology. 2007;88(11):2758–2765. https://doi.org/10.1890/06-2115.1
  • 17. Gilman SE, Urban MC, Tewksbury J, Gilchrist GW, Holt RD. A framework for community interactions under climate change. Trends Ecol Evol. 2010;25:325–331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2010.03.002
  • 18. Mitich LW. Annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.). Weed Technol. 1998;12:414–416. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0890037X00044031
  • 19. Gutterman Y. Maternal effects on seeds during developement. In: Fenner M, editor. Seeds: the ecology of regeneration in plant communities. New York, NY: CABI Publishing. 2010.
  • 20. Warton DI, Hui FKC. The arcsine is asinine: the analysis of proportions in ecology. Ecology. 2011;92(1):3–10. http://doi.org/10.1890/10-0340.1
  • 21. R Core Team. R: a language and environment for statistical computing (ver. 3.4.0) [Internet]. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing; 2017 [cited 2017 May 24]. Available from: https://www.r-project.org
  • 22. Hothorn T, Bretz F, Westfall P. Simultaneous inference in general parametric models. Biom J. 2008;50(3):346–363. https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.200810425
  • 23. Therneau T. A package for survival analysis in S. Version 2.38 [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2017 May 24]. Available from: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=survival
  • 24. Kassambara A, Mundt F. Factoextra: extract and visualize the results of multivariate data analyses. R package version 1.0.5 [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 May 24]. Available from: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=factoextra
  • 25. Ellis WM. The breeding system and variation in populations of Poa annua L. Evolution. 1973;27:656–662. https://doi.org/10.2307/2407198
  • 26. Giełwanowska I, Kellmann-Sopyła W. Generative reproduction of Antarctic grasses, the native species Deschampsia antarctica Desv. and the alien species Poa annua L. Pol Polar Res. 2015;36(3):261–279. https://doi.org/10.1515/popore-2015-0016
  • 27. Finch-Savage WE, Leubner-Metzger G. Seed dormancy and the control of germination. New Phytol. 2006;171:501–523. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01787.x
  • 28. Kellmann-Sopyła W, Giełwanowska I. Germination capacity of five polar Caryophyllaceae and Poaceae species under different temperature conditions. Polar Biol. 2015;38:1753–1765. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1740-x
  • 29. Hutchinson CS, Seymour GB. Poa annua L. J Ecol. 1982;70(3):887–901. https://doi.org/10.2307/2260111
  • 30. Bossdorf O, Auge H, Lafuma L, Rogers WE, Siemann E, Prati D. Phenotypic and genetic differentiation between native and introduced plant populations. Oecologia. 2005;144:1– 11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0070-z
  • 31. Hierro JL, Maron JL, Callaway RM. A biogeographical approach to plant invasions: the importance of studying exotics in their introduced and native range. J Ecol. 2005;93:5– 15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-0477.2004.00953.x
  • 32. Blair AC, Wolfe LM. The evolution of an invasive plant: an experimental study with Silene latifolia. Ecology. 2004;85:3035–3042. https://doi.org/10.1890/04-0341
  • 33. Erfmeier A, Bruelheide H. Invasive and native Rhododendron ponticum populations: is there evidence for genotypic differences in germination and growth? Ecography. 2005;28:417–428. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2005.03967.x
  • 34. Kudoh H, Nakayama M, Lihova J, Marhold K. Does invasion involve alternation of germination requirements? A comparative study between native and introduced strains of an annual Brassicaceae, Cardamine hirsuta. Ecol Res. 2007;22:869–875. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-007-0417-5
  • 35. Hierro JL, Eren E, Khetsuriani L, Diaconu A, Torok K, Montesinos D, et al. Germination responses of an invasive species in native and non-native ranges. Oikos. 2009;118:529– 538. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2008.17283.x
  • 36. Leiblein Wild MC, Kaviani R, Tackenberg O. Germination and seedling frost tolerance differ between the native and invasive range in common ragweed. Oecologia. 2014;174:739–750. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2813-6
  • 37. Lee JR, Raymond B, Bracegirdle TJ, Chadès I, Fuller RA, Shaw JD, et al. Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat. Nature. 2017;547:49–54. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22996
  • 38. Rudak A, Wódkiewicz M, Znój A, Chwedorzewska KJ, Galera H. Plastic biomass allocation as a trait increasing the invasiveness of annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.) in Antarctica. Polar Biol. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-018-2409-z
  • 39. Giełwanowska I, Pastorczyk M, Kellmann-Sopyła W. Influence of environmental changes on physiology and development of Polar vascular plans. Papers on Global Change IGBP. 2011;18(1):53–62. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10190-010-0004-7
  • 40. Galera H, Chwedorzewska KJ, Wódkiewicz M. Response of Poa annua to extreme conditions: comparison of morphological traits between populations from cold and temperate climate conditions. Polar Biol. 2015;38:1657–1666. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1731-y
  • 41. Heide OM. Flowering responses of contrasting ecotypes of Poa annua and their putative ancestors Poa infirma and Poa supina. Ann Bot. 2001;87:795–804. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.2001.1406
  • 42. Stoy AN. Life history traits in Poa annua L. Populations throughout Utah’s diverse environments [Master thesis]. Logan, UT: Utah State University; 2005.
  • 43. Kottek M, Grieser J, Beck C, Rudolf B, Rubel F. World map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 2006;15(3):259–263. https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-297ae0e2-0788-4ca0-8414-13b80350dab2
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.