Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 59 | 1 |

Tytuł artykułu

Synthesis and entomotoxicity assay of zinc and silica nanoparticles against Sitophilus granarius (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Treść / Zawartość

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



The granary weevil, Sitophilus granarius (L.), is one of the most important internal feeders of stored grain. Nanotechnology has become one of the most promising new approaches for pest control in recent years. In our screening program, laboratory trials were conducted to determine the effectiveness of silica nanoparticles (SNPs) and zinc nanoparticles (ZNPs) against the larval stage and adults of S. granarius on stored wheat. Nanoparticles of silica and zinc were synthesized through a solvothermal method. They were then used to prepare insecticidal solutions of different concentrations and tested on S. granarius. Silica nanoparticles (SNPs) were found to be highly effective against S. granarius causing 100% mortality after 2 weeks. ZNPs were moderately effective against this pest.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Plant Protection Department, Kerman Agricultural Organization, Kerman, Iran
  • Plant Protection Department, Vali e Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • Life Sciences Engineering Department, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
  • Chemistry Department, Zahedan University, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran
  • Plant Protection Department, Kerman Agricultural Organization, Kerman, Iran
  • Plant Protection Department, Kerman Agricultural Organization, Kerman, Iran


  • Arthur F.H., Throne J.E. 2003. Efficacy of diatomaceous earth to control internal infestation of rice weevil and maize weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 96 (2): 510–519. DOI:
  • Adelani B.S., Sosina Adebola S., Iyiola O.E. 2008. Susceptibility of the selected crops in storage to Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky in southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Plant Protection Research 48 (4): 541–550. DOI:
  • Chanbang Y., Arthur F.H., Wilde G.E., Throne J.E. 2007. Efficacy of diatomaceous earth and methoprene, alone and in combination, against Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in rough rice. Journal of Stored Products Research 43 (4): 396–401. DOI:
  • Chinnamuthu C.R., Murugesa Boopathi P. 2009. Nanotechnology and agroecosystem. Madras Agricultural Journal 96 (1): 17–31.
  • Debnath N., Das S., Brahmachary R.L., Chandra R., Sudan S., Goswami A. 2010. Entomotoxicity assay of silica, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, aluminium oxide nanoparticles on Lipaphis pseudobrassicae. p. 307−310. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Nanomaterial and Nanotechnology. Guwahati, India, 9−11 December 2009.
  • Debnath N., Das S., Seth D. 2011. Entomotoxic effect of silica nanoparticles against Sitophilus oryzae (L.). Journal of Pest Science 84 (1): 99–105.
  • Epstein E. 1994. The anomaly of silicon in plant biology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91 (1): 11–17. DOI:
  • Fields P., Korunic Z. 2000. The effect of grain moisture content and temperature on the efficacy of diatomaceous earths from different geographical locations against stored product beetles. Journal of Stored Products Research 36 (1): 1–13. DOI:
  • Golob P. 1997. Current status and future perspectives for inert dusts for control of stored product insects. Journal of Stored Products Research 33 (1): 69−79. DOI:
  • Iatrou S.A., Kavallieratos N.G., Palyvos N.E., Buchelos C.T., Tomanovic S. 2010. Acaricidal effect of different diatomaceous earth formulations against Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Astigmata: Acaridae) on stored wheat. Journal of Economic Entomology 103 (1): 190–196. DOI:
  • Korunik Z. 1997. Rapid assessment of the insecticidal value of diatomaceous earths without conducting bioassays. Journal of Stored Products Research 33 (3): 219–229. DOI:
  • Kotoky T., Dolui S.K. 2004. Synthesis and characterisation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/silica hybrid composites derived through the sol-gel method in aqueous medium: effect of acid content, silica content and viscosity of PVA on the dispersion characteristics of silica and the physical properties of the composites. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 29 (2): 107−114.
  • Liu Z.L., Chu S.S., Liu Q.R. 2010. Chemical composition and insecticidal activity against Sitophilus zeamais of the essential oils of Artemisia capillaries and Artemisia mongolica. Molecules 15 (4): 2600−2608. DOI: 10.3390/molecules15042600.
  • Lorini I., Beckel H., Schneider S. 2006. Efficacy of spinosad and IGR plus to control the pests Rhyzopertha dominica and Sitophilus zeamais on stored wheat grain. p. 269–273. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection. Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 15−18 October 2006.
  • Mewis I., Ulrichs C. 2001. Action of amorphous diatomaceous earth against different stages of the stored product pests Tribolium confusum, Tenebrio molitor, Sitophilus granaries and Plodia interpunctella. Journal of Stored Products Research 37 (2): 153–164. DOI:
  • Majumder D.D., Ulrichs C., Mewis I., Weishaupt B., Majumder D., Ghosh A., Thakur A.R., Brahmachary R.L., Banerjee R., Rahman A., Debnath N., Seth D., Das S., Roy I.,
  • Sagar P., Schulz C., Linh N.Q., Goswami A. 2007. Current status and future trends of nanoscale technology and its impact on modern computing, biology, medicine and agricultural biotechnology. p. 563–572. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing: Theory and Applications, ICCTA 2007. India, 5–7 March 2007.
  • Nowaczyk K., Obrępalska-Stęplowska A., Gawlak M., Olejarski, P., Nawrot J. 2008. The RAPD analysis of genetic variability in the granary weevil (Sitophilus granaries L.) populations. Journal of Plant Protection Research 48 (4): 430–435.
  • Owolade O.F., Ogunleti D.O., Adenekan M.O. 2008. Titanium dioxide affects disease development and yield of edible cowpea. Journal of Environmental Agricultural and Food Chemistry 7: 2942−2947.
  • Rahman A., Seth D., Mukhopadhyaya S.K., Brahmachary R.L., Ulrichs C., Goswami A. 2009. Surface functionalized amorphous nanosilica and microsilica with nanopores as promising tools in biomedicine. Naturwissenschaften 96 (1): 31–38. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-008-0445-1
  • Sabbour M.M., Abd-El-Aziz S.E. 2015. Efficacy of nano-diatomaceous earth against red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum and confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) under laboratory and storage conditions. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 4 (7): 54−59. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2771.6969
  • Samih M.A., Rouhani M., Aslani A., Beiki Kh. 2011. Insecticidal properties of amitraz, nanoamitraz, nano-ZnO and nanoZnO-Al2 O3 nanoparticles on Agonoscena pistaciae (Hem.: Aphelaridae). In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Shanghai, China, 2−5 July 2011, 131 pp.
  • Shafighi Y., Ziaee M., Ghosta Y. 2014. Diatomaceous earth used against insect pests, applied alone or in combination with Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana. Journal of Plant Protection Research 54 (1): 62–66. DOI: 10.2478/jppr-2014-0009
  • Shojaaddini M., Moharramipour S., Sahaf B.Z. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Carum copticum against indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Journal of Plant Protection Research 48 (4): 411–419. DOI:
  • Stadler T., Butelerb M., Weaver D.K. 2010. Novel use of nanostructured alumina as an insecticide. Pest Management Science 66 (6): 577–579. DOI: 10.1002/ps.1915.
  • Subramanyam B.H., Roesli R. 2000. Inert dusts. p. 321–380. In: “Alternatives to Pesticides in Stored-Product IPM” (Bh. Subramanyam, D.W. Hagstrum, eds.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordreecht.
  • Yang L., Watts D.J. 2005. Particle surface characteristics may play an important role in phytotoxicity of alumina nanoparticles. Toxicology Letters 158 (2): 122–132. DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2005.03.003
  • Yang F.L., Li X.G., Zhu F., Lei C.L. 2009. Structural characterization of nanoparticles loaded with garlic essential oil and their insecticidal activity against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57: 10156−10162.
  • Ziaee M., Ganji Z. 2016. Insecticidal efficacy of silica nanoparticles against Rhyzopertha dominica F. and Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val. Journal of Plant Protection Research 56 (3): 250–256. DOI:

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.