Selenocysteine methyltransferase (SMT), specifically methylates selenocysteine (SeCys) to produce the nonprotein amino acid Se-methyl selenocysteine (SeMSC) and played key role of removing selenium toxic effect at higher levels to the plant. Here we report the cloning of a cDNA encoding selenocysteine methyltransferase from Camellia sinensis (CsSMT) and expression of CsSMT in E.coli. CsSMT isolated by RT-PCR and RACE-PCR reaction. CsSMT is a 1,401 bp cDNA with an open reading frame predicted to encode a 351 amino acid, 40.5 kD protein; The predicted amino acid sequences of CsSMT shows 74% identity with A. bisulcatus selenocysteine methyltransferase (AbSMT) and 69% identity with Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) selenocysteine methyltransferase (BoSMT), and shares 53, 73 and 65% identity, respectively, with Arabidopsis thaliana homocysteine S-methyltransferase AtHMT1, AtHMT2, and AtHMT3, and 65% to Zea mays homocysteine S-methyltransferase (ZmHMT2). Analyses of CsSMT showed that it lacks obvious chloroplast or mitochondrial targeting sequences and contains a consensus sequence of GGCC for a possible zinc-binding motif near the C-terminal and a conserved Cys residue upstream of the zinc-binding motif as other related methyltransferases. Expression of CsSMT correlated with the presence of SMT enzyme activity in cell extracts, and bacteria containing recombinant CsSMT plasmid showed much high tolerance to selenate and selenite.