Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2017 | 73 | 11 |

Tytuł artykułu

Parasite control practices in Polish horse farms

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Virtually all horses in Poland receive periodically deworming treatment. In the view of emerging anthelmintic resistance it is important to know the current parasite control practices used by Polish horse owners. In order to assess the situation and analyze it in terms of the risk of drug resistance, a questionnaire survey was forwarded to 300 horse establishments. The response rate was 49.6%. The average number of deworming treatments in adult horses was determined at 2.1. and 2.8 for youngstock per calendar year. The most commonly used drugs were ivermectin, pyrantel pamoate and moxidectin. Almost 73% of respondents indicated that they take into consideration the resistance of parasites. However, only 4,03% of the responders regularly send faecal samples from all horses for parasitological examination. In ca. 92% of cases the person administrating the drug guessed the weight of the horse by the visual evaluation. Generally, little attention was payed to pasture hygiene and prevention of parasitic infection. The responses indicate high level of awareness among horse owners of the need to control parasites. It also show the large involvement of veterinarians as a source of advice about deworming practices, so we concluded that the most appropriate way to achieve improvement would be implementation of further education programmes for veterinarians.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 13, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 13, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland


  • Balicka-Ramisz A. K., Ramisz A. Z.: Benzimidazol resistance in nematode parasites in domesticated animals in north-west part Poland. EJPAU 1999, 2, 2
  • Bjorn H., Sommer C., Schougard H., Henriksen S. A., Nansen P.: Resistance to benzimidazole anthelmintics in small strongyles (Cyathostominae) of horses in Denmark. Act. Vet. Scand. 1991, 32, 253-260.
  • Boersema J. H., Eysker M., Nas J. W. M.: Apparent resistance of Parascaris equorum to macrocyclic lactones. Vet. Rec. 2002, 150, 279-281.
  • Chapman M. R., French D. D., Monahan C. M., Klei T. R.: Identification and characterization of a pyrantel pamoate resistant cysthostome population. Vet. Parasitol. 1996, 66, 205-212.
  • Dobson R. L., Lejambre L., Gill I. H.: Management of anthelmintic resistance: inheritance of resistance and selection with persistent drugs. Inter. J. Parasitol. 1996, 26, 993-1000.
  • Dudeney A., Campbell C., Coles G.: Macrocyclic lactone resistance in cyathostomins. Vet. Rec. 2008, 163, 163-164.
  • Eysker M., Jansen J., Mirck M. H.: Control of strongylosis in horses by alternate grazing of horses and sheep and some other aspects of the epidemiology of Strongylidae infections. Vet. Parasitol. 1986, 19, 103-115.
  • Fisher M. A., Jacobs D. E., Grimshaw W. T., Gibbons L. M.: Prevalence of benzimidazole-resistance in equine cyathostome populations in south east England. Vet. Rec. 1992, 130, 315-318.
  • Fritzen B., Rohn K., Schneider T., Von Samson-Himmelstjerna G.: Endoparasite control management on horse farms-lessons from worm prevalence and questionnaire data. Equine. Vet. J. 2010, 42, 79-83.
  • Gawor J., Kita J.: Uwagi praktyczne na temat odrobaczania koni. Życie Wet. 2006, 81, 753-756.
  • Hearn F. P., Pertegrine A. S.: Identification of foals incected with Parascaris equorum apparently resistant to ivermectin. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 2003, 15, 482-485.
  • Herd R. P.: Control strategies for ruminant and equine parasites to counter resistance, encystment, and ecotoxicity in the USA. Vet. Parsitol. 1993, 48, 327-336.
  • Herd R. P.: Equine parasite control – problems associated with intensive anthelmintic therapy. Equine Vet. Educ. 1990, 2, 41-47.
  • Herd R. P., Coles G. C.: Slowing the spread of anthelmintic resistant nematodes of horses in the United Kingdom. Vet. Rec. 1995, 136, 481-485.
  • Hinney B., Wirtherl N. C., Kyule M., Miethe N., Zessin K. H., Clausen P. H.: A questionnaire survey on helminth control on horse farms in Brandenburg, Germany and the assessment of risks caused by different kinds of management. Parasitol. Res. 2011, 109, 1625-1635.
  • Kaplan R. M.: Anthelmintic resistance in nematodes of horses. Vet. Res. 2002, 33, 491-507.
  • Lassen B., Peltola S. M.: Anthelmintic resistance of intestinal nematodes to ivermectin and pyrantel in Estonian horses. J. Helminthol. 2015, 89, 760-763.
  • Lendal S., Larsen M. M., Bjørn H., Craven J., Chriél M., Olsen S. N.: A questionnaire survey on nematode control practices on horses farms in Denmark and the existence of risk factors for the development of anthelmintic resistance. Vet. Parasitol. 1998, 78, 49-63.
  • Lloyd S., Smith J., Connan R. M., Hatcher M. A., Hedges T. R., Humphrey D. J., Jones A. C.: Parasite control methods used by horse owners: factors predisposing to the development of anthelmintic resistance in nematodes. Vet. Rec. 2000, 146, 487-492.
  • Lyons E. T., Tolliver S. C., Collins S. S.: Reduced activity of moxidectin and ivermectin on small strongyles in young horses on a farm (BC) in Central Kentucky in two field tests with notes on variable counts of eggs per gram of feces (EPGs). Parasitol. Res. 2010, 107, 1495-1498.
  • Lyons E. T., Tolliver S. C., Collins S. S., Ionita M., Kuzmina T. A., Rossano M.: Field tests demonstrating reduced activity of ivermectin and moxidectin against small strongyles in horses on 14 farms in Central Kentucky in 2007-2009. Parasitol. Res. 2011, 108, 355-360.
  • Meier A., Hertzberg H.: Equine strongyles. II. Occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in Switzerland. Schweiz. Arch. Tierheilkd. 2005, 147, 389-396.
  • Nillson O., Lindholm A., Christensson D.: A field evaluation of anthelmintics in horses in Sweden. Vet. Parasitol. 1989, 32, 163-171.
  • O’meara B., Mulcahy G.: A survey of helminth control practices in equine establishments in Ireland. Vet. Parasitol. 2002, 109, 101-110.
  • Osterman Lind E., Rautalinko E., Uggla A., Waller P. J., Morrison D. A., Höglund J.: Parasite control practices on Swedish horse farms. Act. Vet. Scand. 2007, 49, 25-33.
  • Papini R. A., Bernart F. M., Sgorbini M.: A Questionnaire Survey on Intestinal Worm Control Practices in Horses in Italy. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2015, 35, 70-75.
  • Prichard R.: Anthelmintic resistance. Vet. Parasitol. 1994, 54, 259-266.
  • Samson-Himmelstjerna G. von, Fritzen B., Demeler J., Schurmann S., Rohn K., Schnieder T., Epe C.: Cases of reduced cyathostomin egg-reappearance period and failure of Parascaris equorum egg count reduction following ivermectin treatment as well as survey on pyrantel efficacy on German horse farms. Vet. Parasitol. 2007, 144, 74-80.
  • Samson-Himmelstjerna G. von, Traversa D., Demeler J., Rohn K., Milillo P., Schurmann S., Lia R., Perrucci S., Frangipane Di Regalbono A., Beraldo P., Barnes H., Cobb R., Boeckh A.: Effects of worm control practices examined by a combined faecal egg count and questionnaire survey on horse farm in Germany, Italy and the UK. Parasit. Vectors 2009, 2 (Suppl 2); S3 doi: 10.1186/1756-3305-2-S2-S3
  • Schougaard H., Nielsen M. K.: Apparent ivermectin resistance of Parascaris equorum in foals in Denmark. Vet. Rec. 2007, 160, 439-440.
  • Shalaby H. A.: Anthelmintics Resistance; How to Overcome it? Iran J. Parasitol. 2013, 8, 18-32.
  • Traversa D.: Anthelmintic resistance in horse cyathostomins in Europe: current status and future perspectives. Sci. Parasitol. 2010, 11, 1-6.
  • Traversa D., von Samson Himmelstjerna G., Demeler J. H., Milillo P., Schürmann S., Barnes H., Otranto D., Perrucci S., Frangipane Di Regalbono A., Beraldo P., Boeckh A., Cobb R.: Anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomin populations from horse yards in Italy, United Kingdom and Germany. Parasit. Vectors 2009, 2 (suppl 2) S2 doi: 10.1186/1756-3305-2-S2-S2
  • Trawford A. F., Burden F., Hodgkinson J. E.: Suspected moxidectin resistance in cyathostomes in two donkey herds at the Donkey Sanctuary, UK, [in:] Proc. of the 20th International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, Christchurch, New Zealand 2005, 16-20 October, p. 196.
  • Waller P. J.: Anthelmintic resistance and the future for roundworm control. Vet. Parasitol. 1987, 25, 177-191.
  • Wolstenholme A. J., Fairwether I., Prichard R., von Samson-Himmelstjerna G., Sangster N. C.: Drug resistance in veterinary helminths. Trends Parasitol. 2004, 20, 469-476.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.