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2013 | 59 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoids contents of three herbs used as condiments and additives in pickles products

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Aktywność antyoksydacyjna, całkowita zawartość związków fenolowych i flawonoidów w trzech ziołach używanych jako przyprawy i dodatki do marynat
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Heracleum lasiopetalum Boiss, Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff., and Echinophora platyloba DC. belong the Apiaceae family. They are Iranian endemic plants. These three herbs have been used as food additives in traditional preparations such as pickles. Antioxidant activity (AA) of methanol extracts (ME) of the plants was evaluated by three assays, including DPPH, FRAP, and TEAC. From all three assays, comparing all the MEs for their IC50 and EC1 values, E. platyloba had the highest AA. Total phenolic content (TPC) of the extracts ranged from 74 to 120 mg TAE/g. The extract of H. lasiopetalum exhibited the highest TPC. The flavonoids content (FC) of the extracts ranged from 7.63 to 14.52 mg RE/g, from which the extract of E. platyloba had the highest flavonoids concentration. A positive correlation between the FC and AA in DPPH assay was found. A significant correlation was also found between the TPC and AA in FRAP assay. These results suggested that the level of AA in these plants varied in a great extent. Our results indicated that extract of E. platyloba could be an important dietary source of flavonoids compounds with high antioxidant capacity. In addition, E. platyloba can be used as an alternative preservative and natural flavor instead of synthetic ones in food industry (especially pickles).
PL
Heracleum lasiopetalum Boiss., Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. i Echinophora platyloba DC. należą do rodziny Apiaceae. Są to irańskie rośliny endemiczne. Tych trzech ziół używa się jako dodatków do tradycyjnych produktów, takich jak marynaty. Działanie przeciwutleniające wyciągu metanolowego z tych roślin zostało zbadane trzema metodami: DPPH, FRAP i TEAC. Z trzech badań, podczas których porównano wartości IC50 i EC1 dla wyciągów metanolowych, największe działanie przeciwutleniające wykazano dla E. platyloba. Całkowita zawartość związków fenolowych (TPC) w ekstraktach wynosiła od 74 do 120 mg TAE/g. Największą zawartość TPC wykazano dla wyciągu z H. lasiopetalum. Zawartość flawonoidów (FC) w wyciągach wynosiła od 7.63 do 14.52 mg RE/g; największe stężenie flawonoidów odnotowano dla wyciągu z E. platyloba. W teście DPPH znaleziono dodatnią korelację pomiędzy zawartością flawonoidów a aktywnością antyoksydacyjną. W teście FRAP znaleziono istotną korelację między całkowitą zawartością związków fenolowych a aktywnością antyoksydacyjną. Te wyniki sugerują, że aktywność antyoksydacyjna w tych roślinach bardzo się różni. Nasze wyniki pokazały, że wyciąg z E. platyloba może być ważnym źródłem flawonoidów w diecie, działających silnie przeciwutleniająco. Co więcej, E. platyloba można stosować jako alternatywny, naturalny dodatek smakowy i konserwujący, zamiast dodatków syntetycznych (szczególnie w marynatach).
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
59
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.51-62,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Research Centre of Medical Plants and Ethno-veterinary, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box: 166, Shahrekord, Iran
  • Medicinal Plants Program, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, College of Natural Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
autor
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, Herbal Medicine and Natural Products Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Ahwaz Jondishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
autor
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, Herbal Medicine and Natural Products Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Ahwaz Jondishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
  • Medicinal Plants Program, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, College of Natural Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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