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2018 | 20 | 2 |

Tytuł artykułu

Foraging habitat, home-range size and diet of a Mediterranean bat species, Savi's pipistrelle

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The Mediterranean is considered one of the richest biodiversity regions in Europe, and bats contribute to this species richness. Within the last two decades, certain bat species traditionally considered as representatives of the Mediterranean have spread northwards and colonized areas outside this region. In our study, we focused on ecological requirements of one of these bat species, the Savi's pipistrelle (Hypsugo savii). We used radio-telemetry and diet analysis to describe habitat use, home-range size and diet composition of reproductive females of Savi's pipistrelle in the traditional core of its distribution range in the Mediterranean region. Our results indicate that Savi's pipistrelle is able to fly long distances and utilize a wide range of habitats within its home-range, with affinities for particular habitats depending on its reproductive status. In particular, pregnant females favoured rocky pastures and forest areas, followed by meadows and riparian habitat, whereas the affinity for riparian habitat increased in lactating females, followed closely by meadows, forest and rocky pastures. The larger affinity for riparian habitats during lactation might indicate its importance for successful rearing of young, which could be influenced in the future by increasing droughts and water shortage in the Mediterranean region. Nevertheless, based on our radio-telemetry and diet analysis the species shows a high degree of flexibility, as an opportunistic forager that flies across large areas on a nightly basis, which may be a good predisposition for colonizing new areas.

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  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic
  • The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Kvetna 8, 603 65 Brno, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 1176, Suchdol, 16521 Prague, Czech Republic
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, P. J. Safarik University in Kosice, Moyzesova 11, 04001 Kosice, Slovakia
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, P. J. Safarik University in Kosice, Moyzesova 11, 04001 Kosice, Slovakia
  • Department of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanského 62, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
  • Brace Oruzec 20, 10360 Sesvete, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Primorska 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • Geonatura Ltd. Consultancy in Nature Protection, Fallerovo šetalište 22, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Ľ. Stura 2, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic


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