Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 21 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of magnetic field treatment on germination of medicinal plants Salvia officinalis L.and Calendula officinalis L.

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Great development in medicinal, spice, and aromatic plant crops has occurred in Mediterranean countries due to their high added value as a consequence of the reappearance of phitotherapy, among other reasons. The main objective of this study is to determine the effects of magnetic treatment, in addition to the geomagnetic field, on germination of Salvia officinalis L. and Calendula officinalis L. seeds. This objective has a practical application in agricultural science: to obtain the early growth of both plants. Groups of 100 seeds were exposed to a 125 mT stationary magnetic field generated by magnets at different times, whereas the other group of 100 seeds was subjected to a magnetic pre-treatment, and non-exposed seeds were used as control. Germination tests were performed under laboratory conditions. The selected germination parameters were: time for the first seed to germinate (T1), time to reach 10-75% germination (T10, T25, T50, and T75), mean germination time (MGT), and number of germinated seeds (Gmax), all provided by the Seed calculator software package. The germination parameters recorded for Salvia officinalis L. seeds for each treatment and pre-treatment were lower than corresponding control value. Among the various treatments, chronic exposure to 125 mT provided best results; the MGT was significantly reduced compared to control, parameters (T1-T50) were also significantly reduced for most treatments. Results obtained for Calendula officinalis L. seeds showed that germination parameters were reduced, in most cases, for magnetic treatment versus control, and all parameters of germination were reduced for pre-treatment versus control. The best results were obtained from chronic exposure. Results indicated that magnetic field application enhanced germination rate and percentage of germinated seed on the treated group compared to the non-exposed in both cases.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Physics and Mechanics Department, College of Agricultural Engineering, Technical University of Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
  • 1. RACUCIU M., CREANGIA D.E. Biological effects of low frequency electromagnetic field in Curcubita pepo. Proceedings of the Third Moscow International Symposium on Magnetism, pp. 278-282. 2005.
  • 2. ALEXANDER M.P., DOIJODE S.D. Electromagnetic field, a novel tool to increase germination and seedling vigour of conserved onion (Allium cepa, L.) and rice (Oryza sativa, L.) seeds with low viability. Plan Genet. Resources Newsletter, 104, 1, 1995.
  • 3. YINAN L., YUAN L., YONGQUING Y., CHUNYANG L. Effect of seed pre-treatment by magnetic field on the sensitivity of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seedlings to ultraviolet-B radiation. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 54, 286, 2005.
  • 4. PITTMAN U.J. Magnetism and plant growth I. Effect on germination and early growth of cereal seeds. Can. J. Plants Sci., 43, 515, 1963.
  • 5. PIETRUSZWESKI S. Effects of magnetic biostimulation of wheat seeds on germination, yield and proteins. Int Agrophysics 10, (1), 51, 1996.
  • 6. BOE A.A., SOLUNKE D.K. Effects of magnetic fields on tomato rippening. Nature, 199, 91, 1963.
  • 7. MUÑOZ F. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Study, culture and manufacture. Mundi-prensa Edition. pp. 365, 2000.
  • 8. CARBONELL M. V., MARTÍNEZ E., AMAYA J. M. Stimulation of germination in rice (Oryza sativa, L.) by a static magnetic field. Electro-and Magnetobiology, 19, (1), 121, 2000.
  • 9. MARTINEZ E., CARBONELL M. V., AMAYA J.M. Stimulation on the initial stages on growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare, L.) by 125 mT stationary magnetic field. Electro- and magneticobiology, 19, (3), 271, 2000.
  • 10. MARTÍNEZ E., CARBONELL M. V., FLÓREZ M. Magnetic biostimulation of initial growth stages of wheat (Triticum aestivum, L.). Electromagnetobiology and Medicine, 21, (1), 43, 2002.
  • 11. FLÓREZ M., CARBONELL M. V., MARTÍNEZ E. Early sprouting and first stages of growth of rice seeds exposed to a magnetic field. Electro-and Magnetobiology 19, (3), 271, 2004.
  • 12. FLÓREZ M., CARBONELL M.V., MARTÍNEZ E. Exposure of maize seeds to stationary magnetic field: effects on germination and early growth. Environmental and Experimental Botany 59, 68, 2007.
  • 13. CARBONELL M. V., MARTÍNEZ E., FLÓREZ M., MAQUEDA R. LOPEZ-PINTOR A., AMAYA J.M. Magnetic field treatments improve germination and seedling growth in Festuca arundinacea Schreb. and Lolium perenne L. Seed Science and Technology, 36, 31, 2008.
  • 14. MARTÍNEZ E., FLÓREZ M., MAQUEDA CARBONELL M.V., AMAYA J.M. Pea (Pisum sativum, L.) and Lentil (Lens culinaris, Medik) Growth Stimulation Due to Exposure to 125 mT and 250 mT Stationary Fields. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 18, (4) 657, 2009.
  • 15. ISTA. International Seed Testing Association. International Rules for Seed Testing. Seeds Science and Technology, Zurich. 2004.
  • 16. ALADJADJIYAN A. Study of the influence of magnetic field on some biological characteristics of Zea mais. Journal Central European Agriculture, 3, (2), 89, 2002.
  • 17. ALADJADJIYAN A., YILIEVA T. Influence of stationary magnetic field on the early stages of development of tobacco seeds (Nicotiana tabacum, L). J. Central European Agriculture 4, (2), 132, 2003.
  • 18. YANO A., HIDAKA E., FUJIWARA K., IIMOTO M. Induction of primary root curvature in radish seedlings in a static magnetic field. Biolelectromagnetics, 22, 194, 2001.
  • 19. PODLESNI J., PIETRUSZEWSKI S., PODLESNA A. Efficiency of the magnetic treatment of broad bean seeds cultivated under experimental plot conditions. International Agrophysics, 18, (1), 65, 2004.
  • 20. RACUCIU M., CALUGARU G.H., CREANGIA D.E. Static magnetic field influence on some plant growth. Rom. Journal Physics, 1, (2), 241, 2006.
  • 21. VASHISTH A., NAGARAJAN S. Effect of magnetic field on performance of diverse crop species. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 78, 708, 2008.
  • 22. VASHISTH A., NAGARAJAN S. Exposure of seeds to static magnetic field enhances germination and early growth characteristics in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Bioelectromagnetics, 29, (7), 571, 2008.
  • 23. HARSHARN S.G., BASANT L.M. Magnetic treatment of irrigation water and snow pea and chickpea seeds enhances early growth and nutrient contents of seedlings. Bioelectromagnetics 32, (1), 58, 2011 (published on-line).
  • 24. RAJENDRA P., SUJATHA NAYAK H., SASHIDHAR R.B., SUBRAMANYAM C., DEVENDRANATH D., GUNASEKARAN B. ARADHYA R.S.S., BHASKARAN A. Effects of power frequency electromagnetic fields on growth of germinating Vicia faba L., the broad bean. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 24, (1), 39, 2005.
  • 25. FISCHER G., TAUSZ M., KÖCK M., GRILL D. Effects of weak 16 2/3 Hz magnetic fields on growth parameters of young sunflower and wheat seedlings. Bioelectromagnetics, 25, (8), 638, 2004.
  • 26. SOJA G., KUNSCH B., GERZABEK M., REICHENAUER T., SOJA A.M., RIPPAR G., BOLHÁR-NORDENKAMPF H.R. Growth and yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and corn (Zea mays L.) near a high voltage transmission line. Bioelectromagnetics, 24, (2), 91, 2003.
  • 27. JINAPANG P., PRAKOB P., WONGWATTANANARD P., ISLAM N.E., KIRAWANICH P. Growth characteristics of mung beans and water convolvuluses exposed to 425-MHz electromagnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 31, (7), 519, 2010.
  • 28. SOLTANI F., KASHI F., ARGHAVANI M. Effect of magnetic field on Asparagus officinalis L. seed germination and seedling growth. Seed Science and Technology, 34, (5), 349, 2006.
  • 29. SOLTANI F., KASHI F., ARGHAVANI M. Effect of magnetic field on Ocimun basilicum seed germination and seedling growth. I International Symposium on the Labiatae. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 723, 279, 2006.
  • 30. GALLAND P., PAZUR A. Magnetoreception in plants. Journal of Plant Research, 118, (6), 371, 2005.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.