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2010 | 59 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Methanogenic diversity studies within the rumen of Surti buffaloes based on methyl coenzyme M reductase A (mcrA) genes point to Methanobacteriales

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Methane emissions from ruminant livestock are considered to be one of the more potent forms of greenhouse gases contributing to global warming. Many strategies to reduce emissions are targeting the methanogens that inhabit the rumen, but such an approach can only be successful if it targets all the major groups of ruminant methanogens. Therefore, basic knowledge of the diversity of these microbes in breeds of buffalo is required. Therefore, the methanogenic community in the rumen of Surti buffaloes was analyzed by PCR amplification, cloning, and sequencing of methyl coenzyme M reductase (mcrA) gene. A total of 76 clones were identified, revealing 14 different sequences (phylotypes). All 14 sequences were similar to methanogens belonging to the order Methanobacteriales. Within Methanobacteriales, 12 clones (6 OTUs) were similar to Methanosphaera stadtmanae and the remaining 8 phylotypes (64 clones) were similar to unclassified Methanobacteriales. Overall, members of the Methanobacteriales dominated the mcrA clone library in the rumen of Surti buffalo. Further studies and effective strategies can be made to inhibit the growth of Methanobacteriales to reduce methane emission from the rumen which would help in preventing global warming.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
59
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.175-178,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Animal Nutrition Research Station, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Animal Nutrition Research Station, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
  • Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Science and A.H., Anand Agricultural University, Anand (388 001), Gujarat, India
autor
  • Department of Microbiology, Christ College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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