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Tytuł artykułu

A retrospective study of the occurrence of Chronic Superficial Keratitis in 308 German Shepherd dogs: 1999-2010

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Chronic Superficial Keratitis (CSK) is an autoimmune mediated inflammation of the cornea, that is usually bilateral but often with nonsymmetrical manifestation. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and appearance of clinical symptoms of CSK in German Shepherd dogs in Poland and Slovakia. CSK was diagnosed in 308 German Shepherds for a period of 11 years (from 1999 to 2010). The highest incidence of the CSK (p < 0.001) in Slovakia and in Poland was in dogs between the ages of 5-8 years. This study found similarity in gender ratio of affected patients with CSK in two neighboring countries. This disease occurs most often in males, with almost identical frequency in both countries, Slovakia 65.63% and Poland 61.32%, respectively. The incidence of depigmentation and thickening of the external surface of the third eyelid together with CSK was observed in 69.19% of dogs in Poland and in 63.15% of dogs in Slovakia. CSK is often recognized in advanced stage-affected areas with inflammatory process by CSK, obtained frequently from 2 to 3 quadrants.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
17
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.543-546,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, 04081 Kosice, Slovakia
autor
  • Department and Clinic of Animal Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Gleboka 30, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
  • Specialist Veterinary Clinic "Test", Jana Sawy 3, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
autor
  • Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, 04081 Kosice, Slovakia
autor
  • Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, 04081 Kosice, Slovakia
autor
  • Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Kosice, Komenskeho 73, 04081 Kosice, Slovakia
Bibliografia
  • Balicki I (2012) Clinical study on the application of tacrolimus and DMSO in the treatment of chronic superficial keratitis in dogs. Pol J Vet Sci 15: 667-676.
  • Balicki I, Trbolova A (2010) Clinical evaluation of tacrolimus eye drops for chronic superficial keratitis treatment in dogs. Bull Vet Inst Pulawy 54: 251-258.
  • Bedford PG, Longstaffe JA (1979) Corneal pannus (chronic superficial keratitis) in the German shepherd dog. J Small Anim Pract 20: 41-56.
  • Chandler HL, Kusewitt DF, Colitz CM (2008) Modulation of matrix metalloproteinases by ultraviolet radiation in the canine cornea. Vet Ophthalmol 11: 135-144.
  • Chavkin MJ, Roberts SM, Salman MD, Severin GA, Scholten NJ (1994) Risk factors for development of chronic superficial keratitis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 204: 1630-1634.
  • Dubielzig RR, Ketring K, McLellan GJ, Albert DM (2010) Diseases of the eyelids and conjunctiva. In: Dubielzig RR (ed) Veterinary ocular pathology, 1st ed., Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, pp 143-199.
  • Farmer AM (1984) Corneal pannus in the dog. Veterinary Annual 24: 315-324.
  • Renwick P (1996) Diagnosis and treatment of corneal disorders in dogs. In Practice 18: 315-328.
  • Slatter DH, Lavach JD, Severin GA, Young S (1977) Uberreteiter’s syndrome (chronic superficial keratitis) in dogs in the Rocky Mountain area - a study of 463 cases. J Small Anim Pract 18: 757-772.
  • Stanley RG (1988) Superficial stromal keratitis in the dog. Aust Vet J 65: 321-323.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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