PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 07 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Predictors of physical activity for weekdays and weekends among adolescent – a cross-sectional study in Sarawak, Malaysia

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: This study aimed to describe the patterns of physical activities both at weekends and on weekdays and to identify their associated factors. Material/Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among secondary school students aged 13-15 years old in Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and to measure perceived barriers, self-efficacies and social influences. Anthropometric measurements were taken and used to determine BMI-for-age, while pedometers were used to assess the physical activity levels. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Results: A total of 474 students from six secondary schools participated. About 16% of the respondents were overweight and obese, majority of them males. The mean BMI was 21.21 ±12.93, higher among males. The mean steps per day were 6251.37±3085.31, with weekends recorded a higher number of steps. The number of steps among males was higher than among females. On weekdays, self-motivation scores significantly predicted the participants’ number of steps/physical activity rate (b = 521.43, 95% CI -72.78 to 1050.19). At weekends, lack of interest and knowledge scores (b = -427.82, 95% CI -837.72 to 17.92) and making choices scores (b = 737.41, 95% CI -197.94 to 1276.88) were significant to predict the number of steps/physical activity levels. Conclusions: These findings indicated the importance of investigating predictors of physical activity for weekdays and weekends. Thus, efforts should focus on how to motivate adolescents to be more physically active targeting the identified predictors for weekdays and week ends.
Słowa kluczowe
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
autor
  • Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
autor
  • Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
Bibliografia
  • [1] Must A, Tybor DJ. Physical activity and sedentary behavior : A review of longitudinal studies of weight and adiposity in youth. Int J Obes. (Lond) 2005; 29(Suppl 2):S84-S96.
  • [2] Kriemler S, Meyer U, Martin E, et al. Effect of school-based interventions on physical activity and fit-ness in children and adolescents : a review of reviews and systematic update. Brit J Sports Med. 2011;45:923-930.
  • [3] Corder K, Ogilvie D, van Sluijs EM. Invited commentary : physical activity over the life course – whose behavior changes, when and why? Am J Epid. 2009; 170: 1078-1081.
  • [4] Mantjes JA, Jones AP, Corder K, et al. School related factors and 1 yr change in physical activity amongst 9-11 year old English schoolchildren. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:153.
  • [5] Ar-yuwat S, Clark MJ, Hunter A, James KS. Determinants of physical activity in primary school students using the health belief model. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2013;6:119-126.
  • [6] Craggs C, Corder K, van Sluijs EM, et al. Determinants of change in physical activity in children and adolescents : a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2011;40:645-658.
  • [7] McMinn AM, Griffin SJ, Jones AP, et al. Family and home influences on children’s after-school and weekend physical activity. European Journal of Public Health. 2012;23(5):805-810.
  • [8] Tudor-Locke C, Craig CL, Beets MW, et al. How many Steps/day are enough? For Children and adoles- -cents. IJBNPA. 2011;8:78.
  • [9] World Health Organization. BMI-for-age (5-19 years). [Available at http://www. cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/bmi/ childrens_BMI/about_childrens_BMI.htm] [Accessed on 6 January, 2013].
  • [10] Allison KR, Dwyer JJM, Makin S. Perceived barriers to physical activity among high school students. Prev Med. 1999;28:608-615.
  • [11] Saunders RP, Pate RR, Felton G, et al. Development of questionnaires to measure psychosocial influ-ences on children’s physical activity. Prev Med. 1997;26:241-247.
  • [12] Chen L, Haase AM, Fox KR. Physical activity among adolescents in Taiwan. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(2):351-361.
  • [13] Hwang J, Kim YH. Adolescents’ physical activity and its related cognitive and behavioral process. Biol-ogy of Sport. 2011;28:19-22.
  • [14] Olds TS, Maher CA, Ridley K, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of screen and non screen sedentary time in adolescents : a cross-sectional study. ISBNPA. 2010;7:92.
  • [15] Verloigne M, Bourdeaudhuij ID, Tanghe A, et al. Self-determined motivation towards physical activity in adolescents treated for obesity: an observation study. Int J Behav Phys Activity. 2011;8:97 [Available at http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/8/1/97] [Accessed on February 2, 2014].
  • [16] Gillison FB, Standage M, Skevington SM. Relationships among adolescents’ weight perceptions, exer-cise goals, exercise motivation, quality of life and leisure-time exercise behavior: a self-determination theory approach. Health Education Research. 2006;21(6):836-847.
  • [17] Brophy S, Crowley A, Mistry R, et al. Recommendations to improve physical activity among teenagers – a qualitative study with ethic minority and European teenagers. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:412 [Availa-ble at http:www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/412] [Accessed on 21 February 2014].
  • [18] Sallis JF, Floyd MF, Rodriguex DA, et al. Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity, Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation. 2012;125:729-737.
  • [19] Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M, Hannan PJ, Tharp P, Rex J. Factors associated with changes in physical activity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157:803-810.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-25317b06-95e7-42ed-8044-3dc34ab9284c
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.