Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 58 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

A new large capitosaurid temnospondyl amphibian from the Early Triassic of Poland

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The Early Triassic record of the large capitosaurid amphibian genus Parotosuchus is supplemented by new material from fluvial deposits of Wióry, southern Poland, corresponding in age to the Detfurth Formation (Spathian, Late Olenekian) of the Germanic Basin. The skull of the new capitosaurid shows an “intermediate” morphology between that of Paroto− suchus helgolandicus from the Volpriehausen−Detfurth Formation (Smithian, Early Olenekian) of Germany and the slightly younger Parotosuchus orenburgensis from European Russia. These three species may represent an evolutionary lineage that underwent a progressive shifting of the jaw articulation anteriorly. The morphology of the Polish form is dis− tinct enough from other species of Parotosuchus to warrant erection of a new species. The very large mandible of Parot− osuchus ptaszynskii sp. nov. indicates that this was one of the largest tetrapod of the Early Triassic. Its prominent anatomi− cal features include a triangular retroarticular process and an elongated base of the hamate process.
Opis fizyczny
  • Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55,00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55,00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • Avanzini, M. and Renesto, S. 2002. A review of Rhynchosauroides tirolicus Abel, 1926 ichnospecies (Middle Triassic: Anisian–Ladinian) and some inferences on Rhynchosauroides trackmaker. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 108: 51–66.
  • Bachmann, G. and Kozur, H. 2004. The Germanic Triassic: correlations with the international chronostratigraphic scale, numerical ages and Milankovitch cyclicity. Hallesches Jahrbuch der Geowissenschaften 26: 17–62.
  • Becker, A., Ptaszyński, T., Niedźwiedzki G., and Nawrocki, J. 2007. Part II. Stop. V.3. Wióry—road cut. International Workshop on the Triassic of Southern Poland. September 3–8, 2007. Field Guide, 77–81. Polish Geological Society–Polish Geological Institute–Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Cracow.
  • Borsuk−Białynicka, M. andEvans, S.E. 2003.Abasal archosauriform from the Early Triassic of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 48: 649–652.
  • Borsuk−Białynicka, M., Cook, E., Evans, S.E., and Maryańska, T. 1999. A microvertebrate assemblage from the Early Triassic of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 44: 167–188.
  • Broili, F. and Schroeder, J. 1937. Beobachtungen an Wirbeltieren der Karrooformation. XXVII. Über einen Capitosauriden aus der Cynognathus−Zone. Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissen-schaften 1937: 97–117.
  • Brusatte, S.L., Niedźwiedzki, G., and Butler, R.J. 2011. Footprints pull origin and diversification of dinosaur stem lineage deep into Early Triassic. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 1107–1113.
  • Bystrov, A.P. and Efremov, J.A. 1940. Benthosuchus sushkini Efremov—a labyrinthodont from the Eotriassic of the Sharzenga River [in Russian]. Trudy Paleontologičeskogo Instituta 10: 1–152.
  • Czernin, S. and Cosgrif, J.W. 1975. Further consideration of the capitosaurids from the Upper Luangwa Valley, Zambia. Palaeontologia Africana 18: 143–148.
  • Damiani, R.J. 1999. Giant temnospondyl amphibians from the Early to Middle Triassic Narrabean Group of the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia. Alcheringa 23: 87–109.
  • Damiani, R.J. 2001a. A systematic revision and phylogenetic analysis of Triassic mastodonsauroids (Temnospondyli: Stereospondyli). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 133: 379–482.
  • Damiani, R.J. 2001b. Cranial anatomy of the giant Middle Triassic temnospondyl Cherninia megarhina and a review of feeding in mastodonsaurids. Palaeontologia Africana 37: 41–52.
  • Damiani, R.J. 2002. Parotosuchus (Amphibia, Temnospondyli) from the Cynognathus Assemblage Zone (Early Triassic) of South Africa: cranial morphology and relationships. Alcheringa 25: 351–379.
  • Damiani, R.J. 2008. A giant skull of the temnospondyl Xenotosuchus africanus from the Middle Triassic of South Africa and its ontogenetic implications. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 53: 75–84.
  • Damiani, R.J. and Hancox, P.J. 2003. New mastodonsaurid temnospondyls from the Cynognathus Assemblage Zone (upper Beaufort Group; Karoo Basin) of South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23: 55–67.
  • Damiani, R.J. and Rubidge, B.S. 2003. A review of the South African temnospondyl amphibian record. Palaeontologia Africana 39: 21–36.
  • Fichter, J. and Kunz, R. 2004. New genus and species of chirotheroid tracks in the Detfurth Formation (Middle Bunter, Lower Triassic) of Central Germany. Ichnos 11: 183–193.
  • Fichter, J. and Lepper, J. 1997. Die Fährtenplatte vom Heuberg bei Giesel−werder. Philippia 8 (1): 36–60.
  • Fuglewicz, R., Ptaszyński, T., and Rdzanek, K. 1981. Tropy gadów w utworach pstrego piaskowca w okolicy Ostrowca Świętokrzyskiego. Przegląd Geologiczny 29: 608–609.
  • Fuglewicz, R., Ptaszyński, T., and Rdzanek, K. 1990. Lower Triassic footprints from the Świętokrzyskie (Holy Cross) Mountains, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 35: 109–164.
  • Haubold, H. 1971a. Die Tetrapodenfahrten des Buntsandsteins. Palaontologische Abhandlungen A 4: 395–548.
  • Haubold, H. 1971b. Ichnia Amphibiorum et Reptiliorum fossilium. Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology 18: 1–124.
  • Haubold, H. 1984. Saurierfahrten. 231 pp. Ziemsen, Wittenberg.
  • Howie, A.A. 1970. A new capitosaurid labyrinthodont from South Africa. Palaeontology 13: 210–253.
  • Klein, H., Voigt, S., Hminna, A., Saber, H., Schneider, J.W., and Hmich, D. 2010. Early Triassic archosaur−dominated footprint assemblage from the Argana Basin (Western High Atlas, Morocco). Ichnos 17: 215–227.
  • Konzhukova, E.D. 1965.Anew Parotosaurus from the Triassic of Cisuralia [in Russian]. Paleontologičeskij žurnal 1965 (1): 97–104.
  • Kozur, H. 2005. Correlation of the continental uppermost Permian and Lower Triassic of the Germanic Basin with the marine scale in the light of new data from China and Iran. Albertiana 33: 48–51.
  • Kozur, H. and Bachmann, G. 2005. Correlation of the Germanic Triassic with the international scale. Albertiana 32: 21–35.
  • Kozur, H. and Weems, R.E. 2010. The biostratigraphic importance of conchostracans in the continental Triassic of the northern hemisphere. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 334: 315–417.
  • Kuleta, M. and Zbroja, S. 2006. Wczesny etap rozwoju pokrywy permsko−mezozoicznej w Górach Świętokrzyskich. In: S. Skompski and A. Żylińska, (eds.), Przewodnik LXXVII Zjazdu Naukowego Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, Ameliówka k. Kielc, 28–30 czerwca 2006, 105–125. Wydawnictwa Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, Warszawa.
  • Liu, J. and Wang, Y. 2005. The first complete mastodonsauroid skull from the Triassic of China: Yuanansuchus laticeps gen. et sp. nov. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25: 725–728.
  • Lozovsky, V.R. and Shishkin, M.A. 1974. First discovery of a labyrinthodont in the Lower Triassic of Mangyshlak [in Russian]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 214: 169–172.
  • Lucas, S.G. and Schoch, R.R. 2002. Triassic temnospondyl biostratigraphy, biochronology and correlation of the German Buntsandstein and North American Moenkopi Formation. Lethaia 35: 97–106.
  • Machalski, M. andMachalska, K. 1994. Arthropod trackways, “Diplichnites” triassicus (Linck, 1943), from the Lower Triassic (Buntsandstein) fluvial deposits of the Holy Cross Mts, central Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica 44: 267–275.
  • Mader, D. 1981. Evolution der fluviatilen Sedimentation am Westrand des germanischen Buntsandstein−Beckens. Naturwissenschaften 68: 201–202.
  • Mader, D. and Rdzanek, K. 1985. Sandy braidplain deposition with minor pedogenesis in the Labyrinthodontidae Beds (Middle Buntsandstein) of the northeastern Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. In:D. Mader (ed.), Aspects of Fluvial Sedimentation in the Lower Triassic Buntsandstein of Europe. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 4: 287–317.
  • Maganuco, S., Steyer, J.S., Pasini, G., Boulay, M., Lorrain, S., Bénéteau, A., and Auditore, M. 2009. An exquisite specimen of Edingerella madagascariensis (Temnospondyli) from the Lower Triassic of NW
  • Madagascar; cranial anatomy, phylogeny and restorations. Memorie della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 36 (2): 1–72.
  • Maryańska, T. and Shishkin, M.A. 1996. New cyclotosaurid (Amphibia: Temnospondyli) from the Middle Triassic of Poland and some problems of interrelationships of capitosauroids. Prace Muzeum Ziemi 43: 53–83.
  • Mukherjee, R.N. and Sengupta, D.P. 1998. New capitosaurid amphibians from the Triassic Denwa Formation of the Satpura Gondwana Basin, central India. Alcheringa 22: 317–327.
  • Niedźwiedzki, G. and Ptaszyński, T. 2007. Large Chirotheriidae ichnotaxa from the Early Triassic of Wióry, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica 57: 325–342.
  • Novikov, I.V. 1986. A new species of Parotosuchus (Amphibia, Labyrinthodontia) from the Triassic of the Vychegda River Basin [in Russian]. Paleontologičeskij žurnal 3: 129–131.
  • Novozhilov, N.I. 1946. New phyllopods from the Permian and Triassic deposits of Nordvik−Chatangskogo area [in Russian]. Nedra Arktiki 1: 172–202.
  • Ochev, V.G. [Očev, V.G.] 1966. Systematika i filogeniâ kapitozavroidnyh labirintodontov. 184 pp. Izdatel'stvo Saratovskogo universiteta, Saratov.
  • Paszkowski, M. 2009. The Early Triassic karst of Czatkowice 1, southern Poland. Palaeontologia Polonica 65: 7–16.
  • Ptaszyński, T. 2000. Lower Triassic vertebrate footprints from Wióry, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 45: 151–194.
  • Ptaszyński, T. and Niedźwiedzki, G. 2004. Vertebrate footprint assemblage from the Early Triassic deposits of Wióry [in Polish with English summary]. In: Od Ekomuzeum Aglomeracji Staropolskiej do Geoparku Doliny Kamiennej. Materiały Konferencji, Starachowice, 4–5 czerwca 2004, 82–87. Muzeum Przyrody i Techniki, Starachowice.
  • Ptaszyński, T. and Niedźwiedzki, G. 2006. Buntsandstein in the Holy Cross Mountains: chronostratigraphy and lithostratigraphical correlation with the Thuringian Basin [in Polish with English summary]. Przegląd Geologiczny 54: 525–533.
  • Rdzanek, K. 1999. Ichnoskamieniałości bezkręgowców pstrego piaskowca doliny Świśliny w północnym obrzeżeniu Gór Świętokrzyskich. 183 pp. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków.
  • Ruta, M., Pisani, D., Lloyd, G.T., and Benton, M.J. 2007. A supertree of Temnospondyli: cladogenetic patterns in the most species−rich group of early tetrapods. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 274: 3087–3095.
  • Schroeder, C. 1913. Ein Stegocephalenschädel aus Helgoland. Jahrbuch der Preussischen geologischen Landesanstalt 33: 232–264.
  • Schoch, R.R. 2000a. Biogeography and dispersal of stereospondyl amphibians. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 215: 201–231.
  • Schoch, R.R. 2000b. The origin and intrarelationships of capitosaurid amphibians. Palaeontology 43: 1–23.
  • Schoch, R.R. 2008. The Capitosauria (Amphibia): characters, phylogeny, and stratigraphy. Palaeodiversity 1: 189–226.
  • Schoch, R.R. 2011. How diverse is the temnospondyl fauna in the Early Triassic of southwestern Germany? Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 261: 49–60.
  • Schoch, R.R. and Milner, A.R. 2000. Stereospondyli. Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie, Teil 3B. 203 pp. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich.
  • Schoch, R.R., Fastnacht, M., Fichter, J., and Keller, T. 2007. Anatomy and relationships of the enigmatic temnospondyl Sclerothorax. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52: 117–136.
  • Senkowiczowa, H. 1970. Triassic. In: W. Rühle (ed.), Stratygrafia mezozoiku obrzeżenia Gór Świętokrzyskich. Prace Instytutu Geologicznego 56: 7–48.
  • Senkowiczowa, H. and Ślączka, A. 1962. Pstry piaskowiec na północnym obrzeżeniu Gór Świętokrzyskich. Rocznik PTG 32 (3): 313–338.
  • Sidor, C.A., Steyer, J.S., and Damiani, R. 2007. Parotosuchus (Temnospondyli: Mastodonsauridae) from the Triassic of Antarctica. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27: 232–235.
  • Stayton, C.T. and Ruta, M. 2006. Geometric morphometrics of the skull roof of stereospondyls (Amphibia: Temnospondyli). Palaeontology 49: 307–337.
  • Steyer, J.−S. 2003. A revision of the Early Triassic “capitosaurs” (Stegocephali, Stereospondyli) from Madagascar, with remarks on their comparative ontogeny. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23: 544–555.
  • Shishkin, M.A. and Sulej, T. 2009. Temnospondyl amphibians of the Czatkowice tetrapod assemblage. Palaeontologia Polonica 65: 31–77.
  • Shishkin, M.A., Rubidge, B.S., and Kitching, J.W. 1996. A new lydekkerinid (Amphibia, Temnospondyli) from the LowerTriassic of SouthAfrica: implications for evolution of the early capitosauroid cranial pattern. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 351: 1635–1659.
  • Shishkin, M.A., Rubidge, B., Hancox, J., and Welman, J. 2004. Re−evaluation of Kestrosaurus Haughton, a capitosaurid temnospondyl amphibian from the Upper Beaufort Group of South Africa. Russian Journal of Herpetology 11: 121–138.
  • Sulej, T. 2007. Osteology, variability and evolution of Metoposaurus, temnospondyl from the Late Triassic of Poland. Palaeontologia Polonica 64: 29–139.
  • Warren, A.A. 1980. Parotosuchus from the Early Triassic of Queensland and Western Australia. Alcheringa 4: 25–36.
  • Welles, S.P. and Cosgriff, J. 1965. A revision of the labyrinthodont family Capitosauridae, and a description of Parotosaurus peabody, n. sp. from the Wupatki Member of the Moenkopi Formation of northern Arizona. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 54: 1–148.
  • Woodward, A.S. (ed.) 1932. Text−book in Palaeontology, Vol. 2 (by K.V. Zittlel). MacMillan, London.
  • Zittel, K.A.T. von 1902. Textbook in Palaeontology, Vol. 2. 464 pp. MacMillan, London.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.