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2011 | 46 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Plasma antioxidant capacity and oxidative damage in relation to male plumage ornamental traits in a montane Iberian Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca population

Warianty tytułu
PL
Pojemność antyoksydacyjna oraz uszkodzenia oksydacyjne a cechy upierzenia samców muchołówki żałobnej w Hiszpanii
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Melanin-based plumage ornaments may express individual quality in the context of social and sexual selection. Oxidative stress and antioxidant defences may be expressed through melanin-based plumage traits. Male Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca exhibit eumelanic dorsal plumage and white feather patches on forehead and wing feathers. Although these traits have been related to sexual selection in some populations, no physiological correlate of variation in these characters has been previously shown. Here we test if these plumage traits are related to plasma oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity. We captured males while feeding nestlings in a population breeding at high altitude (1200-1400 m) in central Spain and collected blood samples from brachial veins. Percentage black on dorsal plumage and extension of white on folded wing and forehead were obtained from digital photographs. Plasma samples were analysed in the laboratory to obtain lipid peroxidation as a measure of oxidative damage by quantifying malondialdehydes (MDA), and antioxidant capacity. When controlling for male mass, breeding date and brood size, only forehead patch size was negatively associated with plasma lipid peroxidation levels and positively related to antioxidant capacity. There was no association among different plumage traits. Thus forehead patch size in montane Iberian populations may signal male phenotypic quality through plasma oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity possibly due to altitudinal effects on oxidative stress.
PL
Ornamenty barwne, mogą stanowić sygnał jakości osobnika w kontekście doboru płciowego u ptaków. W pracy badano, czy cechy upierzenia samców muchołówki żałobnej (udział czarnych piór w upierzeniu grzbietu, wielkość białych plam na czole i skrzydłach) są związane z pojemnością antyoksydacyjną oraz uszkodzeniami oksydacyjnymi mierzonymi w osoczu krwi. Badania prowadzono w lesie górskim (na wys. 1200 m n.p.m.) centralnej Hiszpanii. Samce chwytano podczas karmienia piskląt, fotografowano i pobierano im krew z żyły skrzydłowej. Cechy upierzenia określano na podstawie analizy zdjęć cyfrowych. Do określenia uszkodzeń oksydacyjnych wykorzystano analizę peroksydacji lipidów. Stwierdzono, że wyłącznie wielkość białej plamy na czole jest skorelowana z obiema badanymi zmiennymi fizjologicznymi: z uszkodzeniami oksydacyjnymi — negatywnie (Fig. 1), zaś z potencjałem antyoksydacyjnym — pozytywnie (Fig. 2)(Tab. 1). Cechy upierzenia nie były ze sobą skorelowane, co może sugerować, że niosą one informację o różnych aspektach kondycji samców. Wielkość białej plamy na czole samców muchołówki jest większa w populacji zasiedlającej Hiszpanię niż w innych populacjach tego gatunku.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
46
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.65-70,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Evolutionary Ecology, National Museum of Natural SCiences-CSIC, J. Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
autor
  • Department of Animal Ecology and Biology, University of Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain
  • Department of Evolutionary Ecology, National Museum of Natural SCiences-CSIC, J. Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
autor
  • Department of Zoology, University of Cordoba, 14071 Cordoba, Spain
  • Department of Evolutionary Ecology, National Museum of Natural SCiences-CSIC, J. Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
autor
  • Department of Zoology, University of Cordoba, 14071 Cordoba, Spain
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Bibliografia
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