Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 25 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Characterizing a novel food waste recovery process using an electrostatic separator

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Organic food waste compounds in landfills can heavily pollute the soil, aquifer, and air, mainly due to anaerobic transformation. This paper presents the outcomes of research on the waste separation process and recovery of food waste (FW) using an electrostatic separator. The separation process sorts the charged bodies from the uncharged under an intensive electric field. We studied influences of various parameters such as applied voltage, rotation speed, and electrode angle on the separation process. Results revealed that separation efficiency relies on a uniform electric field and separator configuration. To our best knowledge, this is the first characterization report for food waste recovery using an electrostatic separator.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perak, Malaysia
  • Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perak, Malaysia
  • Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perak, Malaysia
  • Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perak, Malaysia
  • 1. Prokic D., Mihajlov A. Contaminated sites. Practice of solid waste management in a developing country (Serbia). Environ. Prot. Eng. 38 (1), 81, 2012.
  • 2. Mallak S.K., Ishak M.B., Kasim M.R.M., Samah M.A.A. Assessing the effectiveness of waste minimization methods in solid waste reduction at the source by manufacturing firms in Malaysia. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 24 (5), 2063, 2015.
  • 3. Ahsan A., Alamgir M., Imteaz M., Shams S., Rowshon M.D.K., Aziz M.G. et al. Municipal solid waste generation, composition and management: Issues and challenges. A case study. Environ. Prot. Eng. 41 (3), 43, 2015.
  • 4. Eriksson , M., Strid , I., Hansson , P.-A. Food waste reduction in supermarket – Net costs and benefits of reduced storage temperature. Resour. Conserv. Recy. 107, 73, 2016.
  • 5. Staszewska E., Pawlowska M. Characteristics of emissions from municipal waste landfills. Environ. Prot. Eng. 37 (4), 119, 2011.
  • 6. Le Man H., Behera S.K., Park H.S. Optimization of operational parameters for ethanol production from Korean food waste leachate. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 157, 2010.
  • 7. Moukamnerd C., Kawahara H., Katakur Y. Feasibility study of ethanol production from food Wastes by consolidated continuous solid-state fermentation. J. Sust. Bioenerg. Sys. 3, 143, 2013.
  • 8. McMilan J.D. Bioethanol production: status and prospects. Renew. Energ. 10, 295, 1997.
  • 9. Khairuddin N., Manaf L.A., Hassan M.A., Halimoon N., Karim W.A.W. Biogas harvesting from organic fraction of municipal solid waste as a renewable energy resource in Malaysia: A review. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 24 (4), 1477, 2015.
  • 10. Kiewiet C., Bergougnou M.A., Brown J.D. Electrostatic separation of fine particle in vibrates fluidized beds. IEEE T. Ind. Appl. 6, 526, 1978.
  • 11. Veit H.M., Diehl T.R., Salami A.P., Rodrigues J.S., Bernardes A.M., Tenorio J.A.S. Utilization of magnetic and electrostatic separation in the recycling of printed circuit boards scrap. Waste Manage. 25, 67, 2005.
  • 12. Xue M., Li J., Xu Z. Environmental friendly crushmagnetic separation technology for recycling metal-plated plastics from end-of-life vehicles. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46, 2661, 2012.
  • 13. Lin C.S.K., Pfaltzgraff L.A., Herrero -Davila L., Mufobu E.B., Abderrahim S., Clark J.H. et al. Food waste as a valuable resource for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels. Current situation and global perspective. Energ. Environ. Sci. 6, 426, 2013.
  • 14. Lai K., Lim S., Teh P. Optimization of electrostatic separation process for maximizing biowaste recovery using Taguchi method and ANOVA. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 24 (3), 1125, 2015.
  • 15. Das S., Medles K., Younes M., Dragan C., Dascalescu , L. Separation of fine granular mixtures in s-plate-type electrostatic separators. IEEE T. Ind. Appl. 43, 1137, 2007.
  • 16. Xu Z.M., Li J., Lu H.Z., Wu, J. Dynamics of conductive and nonconductive particles under high-voltage electrostatic coupling fields. Sci. China Ser E. 52, 2359, 2009.
  • 17. Kawamoto H., Umezu S. Development of electrostatic paper separation and feed mechanism. J. Electrostat. 65, 438, 2007.
  • 18. Hou S., Wu J., Qin Y., Xu Z. Electrostatic separation for recycling waste printed circuit board: a study on external factor and a robust design for optimization. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 5177, 2010.
  • 19. Bendaoud A., Tilmatine A., Medles K., Rahli M., Huzau M., Dascalescu , L. Charaterization of dual corona-electrostatic electrodes for electrostatic processes applications. IEEE T. Ind. Appl. 44, 692, 2008.
  • 20. Younes M., Tilmatine A., Medles K., Bendaoud A., Samuila A., Dascalescu L. Numerical modeling of insulating particle trajectories in roll-type coronaelectrostatic separators. IEEE T. Dielectr. Electr. Insul. 16, 629, 2009.
  • 21. Elder J., Yan E., Raiser G. eForce - Newest generation of electrostatic separator for the mineral sands industry. In: Heavy Minerals Conference. South Africa Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Johannesburg, 2003.
  • 22. Banerjee S., Hoffmeister B.K., Svejkosky J.J., Badger C.S. Electrostatic charging of a conducting sphere using another conducting sphere at constant voltage. J. Electrostat. 69, 601, 2011.
  • 23. Aman F., Morar R., Kohnlechner R., Samuila A., Dascalescu L. High-voltage electrode position: a key factor of electrostatic separation efficiency. IEEE T. Ind. Appl. 40, 905, 2004.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.