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2016 | 25 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of phthalate presence in agricultural soils in the Czech Republic

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Our study monitored two phthalic acid esters in agricultural soils in the Czech Republic: di2ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP). The concentration levels were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. The samples were extracted using an acetone-hexane (1:1) mixture. Phthalate content monitoring was performed in 12 administrative regions of the Czech Republic. Soil was sampled from the upper soil horizon along the polyline, with samples taken from the following cultures: arable land, permanent grassland, a hop field, and unfarmed land. The phthalic acid ester concentrations found ranged from 0.01 to 2.48 mg per kg of DM wt for dibutyl phthalate and from 0.05 to 1.43 mg per kg of DM wt for di2ethylhexyl phthalate. The total concentration of both phthalates ranged from 0.21 to 3.47 mg per kg of DM wt.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
25
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.443-446,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
autor
  • Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
autor
  • Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture, Brno, Czech Republic
Bibliografia
  • 1. JIANLONG W., XUAN Z., WEIZHONG W. Biodegradation of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in soil bioaugmented with acclimated activated sludge. Process Biochemistry 39, 1837, 2004.
  • 2. STAPLES C.A., PETERSON D.R., PARKERTON T.F., ADAMS W.J. The environmental fate of phthalate esters: A literature review. Chemosphere 35, 667, 1997.
  • 3. OTTON S.V., SURA S., BLAIR J., IKONOMOU M.G., GOBAS F.A.P. C. Biodegradation of mono-alkyl phthalate esters in natural sediments. Chemosphere 71, 2011, 2008.
  • 4. VIKELSOE J., THOMSEN M., CARLSEN L. Phthalates and nonylphenols in profiles of differently dressed soils. Science of the Total Environment 296, 105, 2002.
  • 5. NANNI N., FISELIER K., GROB K., DI PASQUALE M., FABRIZI L., AURELI P., CONI E. Contamination of vegetable oils marketed in Italy by phthalic acid esters. Food Control 22, 209, 2011.
  • 6. ZENG F., CUI K., XIE Z., LUO D., CHEN L., LIN Y., LIU M., SUN G. Distribution of phthalate esters in urban soils of subtropical city, Guangzhou, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials 164, 1171, 2009.
  • 7. CAI Q.Y., MO C.H., WU Q.T., ZENG Q.Y. Accumulation of phthalic acid esters in water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) and in paddy soil. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 77, 411, 2006.
  • 8. DUECK T.A., VAN DIJK C.J., DAVID F., SCHOLZ N., VANWALLEGHEM F. Chronic effects of vapour phase dinbutyl phthalate (DBP) on six plant species. Chemosphere 53, 911, 2003.
  • 9. RHIND S.M., KYLE C.E., MACKIE C., TELFER G. Effects of exposure of ewes to sewage sludge-treated pasture on phthalate and alkyl phenol concentrations in their milk. Science of the Total Environment 383, 70, 2007.
  • 10. ABDUL-GHANI S., YANAI J., ABDUL-GHANI R., PINKAS A., ABDEEN Z. The teratogenicity and behavioral teratogenicity of di(2ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in a chick model. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 34, 56, 2012.
  • 11. LI N., LIU T., ZHOU L., HE J., YE L. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate reduces progesterone levels and induces apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cell in adult female ICR mice. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 34, 869, 2012.
  • 12. MTIBE A., MSAGATI T. A.M., MISHRA A.K., MAMBA B.B. Determination of phthalate ester plasticizers in the aquatic environment using hollow fibre supported liquid membranes. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 50-52, 239, 2012.
  • 13. LI M., QIU L., ZHANG Y., HUA Y., TU S., HE Y., WEN S., WANG G Q., WEI G. Dose-related effect by maternal exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate plasticizer on inducing hypospadiac male rats. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 35, 55, 2013.
  • 14. MANKIDY R., WISEMAN S., MA H., GIESY J. P. Biological impact of phthalates. Toxicology Letters 217, 50, 2013.
  • 15. THURÉN A., SÖDERGREN A. Clean-up with sulphuric acid prior to the gas chromatographic determination of phthalate esters. Int.J. Envoron. Anal. Chem. 28, 309, 1987.
  • 16. GIBSON R., WANG M.-J., PADGETT E., BECK A.J. Analysis of 4-nonylphenols, phthalates, and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils and biosolids. Chemosphere 61, 1336, 2005.
  • 17. ZORNÍKOVÁ G., JAROŠOVÁ A., HŘIVNA L. Distribution of phthalic acid esters in agricultural plants and soils. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 59, 233, 2011.
  • 18. KONG S., JI Y., LIU L., CHEN L., ZHAO X., WANG J., BAI Z., SUN Z. Diversities of phthalate esters in suburban agricultural soils and wasteland soil appeared with urbanization in China. Environmental Pollution 170, 161, 2012.
  • 19. XU G., LI F., WANG Q. Occurence and degradation characteristics of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) in typical agricultural soils of China. Science of the Total Environment 393, 333, 2008.
  • 20. FIERENS T., VAN HOLDERBEKE M., WILLEMS H., DE HENAUW S., SIOEN I. Transfer of eight phthalates through the milk chain - A case study. Environment International 51, 1, 2013.
  • 21. FIERENS T., VAN HOLDERBEKE M., WILLEMS H., DE HENAUW S., SIOEN I. Phthalates in Belgian cow's milk and the role of feed and other contamination pathways at farm level. Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 2945, 2012.
  • 22. Metodický pokyn MZP Indikátory znečištění [date cited: 13 September 2013] Available from: <http://www.mzp.cz/cz/ metodiky_ekologicke_zateze>
  • 23. VAN WEZEL A. P., VAN VLAARDINGEN P., POSTHUMUS R., CROMMENTUIJN G. H., SIJM D. T. Environmental risk limits for two phthalates, with special emphasis on endocrine disruptive properties. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 46, 305, 2007.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-21e02d66-6b63-46d6-993b-eb6fd686b209
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