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2013 | 82 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effect of seedling chilling on glutathione content, catalase and peroxidase activity in Brassica oleracea L. var. italica

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The study was designed to determine the possible relationship between Brassica oleracea var. italica seedlings stored at 2°C in the dark for seven and fourteen days, respectively, and the level of certain antioxidant parameters in particular organs. A parallel objective of the experiment was to determine if the reaction of seedlings to low temperature might be persistent in fully developed plants until harvest time. After 14 days of chilling a significant increase in the glutathione content was observed in the seedling leaves in comparison to the non-chilled plants. During vegetation in field conditions this effect was maintained in leaves up to the stage of formation of flower buds. At harvest the highest content of glutathione was demonstrated in broccoli heads, obtained from plants, which were previously chilled in the seedling phase for two weeks. Peroxidase activity in broccoli seedlings increased each year of the three-year study due to the duration of the cooling time, whereas in the case of catalase the changes were not so distinct. At harvest time the activity of both enzymes in the leaves and flower buds fluctuated according to the particular year of study.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
82
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.243-248,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Agricultural University of Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Agricultural University of Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Agricultural University of Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Agricultural University of Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Vegetable Crops, Agricultural University of Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Vegetable Crops, Agricultural University of Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 3. Sharma P, Jha AB, Dubey RS, Pessarakli M. Reactive oxygen species, oxidative damage, and antioxidative defense mechanism in plants understressful conditions. J Bot. 2012;2012(ID 217037):1–26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/217037
  • 4. Leja M, Mareczek A, Rożek S, Wojciechowska R. Antioxidant capacity of selected cabbage strains as related to post-harvest storage. Hort Veg Grow. 2000;19(3):327–333.
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  • 7. Thomashow MF. So what’s new in the field of plant cold acclimation? Lots! Plant Physiol. 2001;125(1):89–93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.125.1.89
  • 8. Kang HM, Saltveit ME. Effect of chilling on antioxidant enzymes and DPPH-radical scavenging activity of high- and low-vigour cucumberseedling radicles. Plant Cell Env. 2002;25(10):1233–1238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2002.00915.x
  • 9. Starzyńska A, Leja M, Mareczek A. Physiological changes in the antioxidant system of broccoli flower buds senescing during short-term storage, related to temperature and packaging. Plant Sci. 2003;165(6):1387–1395. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2003.07.004
  • 10. Borowski J, Szajdek A, Borowska EJ, Ciska E, Zieliński H. Content of selected bioactive components and antioxidant properties of broccoli(Brassica oleracea L.). Eur Food Res Technol. 2007;226(3):459–465. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0557-9
  • 11. Łata B, Przeradzka M. Glutathione and ascorbate contents in broccoli and lettuce cultivars. Folia Hort. 1999;11(2):13–22.
  • 12. Akerboom TP, Sies H. Assay of glutathione, glutathione disulfide, and glutathione mixed disulfides in biological samples. Meth Enzym. 1981;77:373–382.
  • 13. Bartosz G. Druga twarz tlenu. Wolne rodniki w przyrodzie. 2nd ed. Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers PWN; 2008.
  • 14. Lück H. Methoden der enzymatischen Analyse. Weinheim: Verlag Chemie; 1962.
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  • 19. Prasad TK, Anderson MD, Martin BA, Stewart CR. Evidence for chilling-induced oxidative stress in maize seedlings and a regulatory role for hydrogen peroxide. Plant Cell. 1994;6(1):65–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.6.1.65
  • 20. Lee DH, Lee CB. Chilling stress-induced changes of antioxidant enzymes in the leaves of cucumber: in gel enzyme activity assays. Plant Sci. 2000;159(1):75–85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(00)00326-5
  • 21. Singh BK, Sharma SR, Singh B. Antioxidant enzymes in cabbage: variability and inheritance of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase. SciHortic. 2010;124(1):9–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2009.12.011
  • 22. Leja M, Mareczek A, Starzyńska A. Some antioxidant and senescence parameters of broccoli as related to its developmental stages. Acta PhysiolPlant. 2002;24(3):237–241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-002-0046-0
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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