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2012 | 21 | 6 |
Tytuł artykułu

Charcoal grill restaurants deteriorate outdoor air quality by emitting volatile organic compounds

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Our study investigated outdoor air pollution caused by volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as BTEX and n-alkanes emitted from charcoal grill restaurants. Twenty sites were selected from a city in Korea for outdoor-air sampling. On average, the concentrations of all VOCs in the areas of the charcoal grill restaurants were significantly 1.3-to-2.6-fold higher than those in the non-charcoal-grill areas at the 1% level. The results showed that charcoal grill restaurants are responsible for both indoor and outdoor air pollution, which can cause health problems for pedestrians and residents in such areas as well as restaurant workers and customers.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
6
Opis fizyczny
p.1667-1673,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Environmental Science, College of Natural Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701 Kangwon-do, Republic of Korea
autor
  • Department of Environmental Science, College of Natural Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701 Kangwon-do, Republic of Korea
Bibliografia
  • 1. KIM E.-M., SEO S.-H., LEE M.-A., KWON K.-H., JUN G.-H. Preferences and consumption patterns of general consumers of meat dishes. Kor. J. Food Culture 25, (3), 251, 2010 [In Korean].
  • 2. SCHAUER J. J., KLEEMAN M. J., CASS G. R., SIMONEIT B. R. T. Measurement of emissions from air pollution sources. 1. C1 through C29 organic compounds from meat charbroiling. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33, (10), 1566, 1999.
  • 3. LIN Y., SHAO M., LU S. The emission characteristics of hydrocarbon from Chinese cooking under smoke control. Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 90, (9), 708, 2010.
  • 4. U.S. EPA. Integrated Risk Information System. http://www.epa.gov/iris/ (accessed Jan, 2011).
  • 5. BONFANTI L., COMELLAS L., LLIBERIA J. L., VALLHONRAT-MATALONGA R., PICH-SANTACANA M., LÓPEZ-PIÑOL D. Production of n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in coal pyrolysis. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 44, (1), 89, 1997.
  • 6. OLSSON M., PETERSSON G. Benzene emitted from glowing charcoal. Sci. Total Environ. 303, (3), 215, 2003.
  • 7. KABIR E., KIM K. -H. An investigation on hazardous and odorous pollutant emission during cooking activities. J. Hazard. Mater. 188, (1-3), 443, 2011.
  • 8. MUGICA V., VEGA E., CHOW J., REYES E., SÁNCHEZ G., ARRIAGA J., EGAMI R., WATSON J. Speciated nonmethane organic compounds emissions from food cooking in Mexico. Atmos. Environ. 35, (10), 1729, 2001.
  • 9. KIM K. -H., PANDEY S. K., KABIR E., SUSAYA J., BROWN R. J. C. The modern paradox of unregulated cooking activities and indoor air quality. J. Hazard. Mater. 195, 1, 2011.
  • 10. SPENGLER J. D., SEXTON K. Indoor air pollution: a public health perspective. Science 221, (4605), 9, 1983.
  • 11. JENKINS P. L., PHILLIPS T. J., MULBERG E. J., HUI S. P. Activity patterns of Californians: Use of and proximity to indoor pollutant sources. Atmos. Environ. 26, (12), 2141, 1992.
  • 12. U.S. EPA. Table 15-176. Summary of Recommended Values for Activity Factors, Exposure Factors Handbook; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Washington, DC, pp. 1017, 1997.
  • 13. ATSDR. Interaction Profile for: Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylenes (BTEX). United States Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Atlanta, pp. 17-18, 2004.
  • 14. CARTER W. P. L., Atkinson R. Atmospheric chemistry of alkanes. J. Atmos. Chem. 3, (3), 377, 1985.
  • 15. JIA C., BATTERMAN S., GODWIN C. VOCs in industrial, urban and suburban neighborhoods, Part 1: Indoor and outdoor concentrations, variations, and risk drivers. Atmos. Environ. 42, (19), 2083, 2008.
  • 16. ESPLUGUES A., BALLESTER F., ESTARLICH M., LLOP S., FUENTES-LEONARTE V., MANTILLA E., IÑIGUEZ C. Indoor and outdoor air concentrations of BTEX and determinants in a cohort of one-year cold children in Valencia, Spain. Sci. Total Environ. 409, (1), 63, 2010.
  • 17. PANDEY S. K., KIM K.-H., KANG C.-H., JUNG M. C., YOON H. BBQ charcoal as an important source of mercury emission. J. Hazard. Mater. l62, (1), 536, 2009.
  • 18. KABIR E., KIM K.-H., YOON H. O. Trace metal contents in barbecue (BBQ) charcoal products. J. Hazard. Mater. 185, (2-3), 1418, 2011.
  • 19. SUSAYA J., KIM K. -H., AHN J. -W., JUNG M. -C., KANG C. -H. BBQ charcoal combustion as an important source of trace metal exposure to humans. J. Hazard. Mater. 176, (1-3), 932, 2010.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-20270fdf-acb7-4c75-a8c0-661327b9bf30
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