PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 18 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

A model to determine quantitative effects of light and temperature on organic tomato seedlings

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The present study was conducted to determine the quantitative effects of light and temperature on growth and development of organic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedlings in a glasshouse under ecological conditions of Samsun Province of Turkey. Seedlings were grown in four different periods (seeds sown on 29 September for 1st period; 2 December for 2nd period; 18 March for 3rd period and 6 July for 4th period). In order to create different light intensities, shading material having a shading capacity of 50% in 1, 2 and 3 layers was used in each period after seeding. The effects of light and temperature on plant growth and development (leaf area, stomatal conductivity, leaf chlorophyll content, plant height, stem diameter and total plant vegetative dry weight) and the number of days from sowing to plantation of seedlings, were investigated. Obtained results revealed decreasing number of days from sowing to seedling plantation with increasing light intensities. Finally, the number of days from sowing to seedling plantation to be used in organic tomato seedling production was modeled based on the variations in temperature and light intensity (r2 = 0.92).
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
18
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.175-185,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayıs University, 55200, Samsun, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayıs University, 55200, Samsun, Turkey
Bibliografia
  • Beyhan, M.A., Uzun, S., Kandemir, D., Özer, H., Demirsoy, M. (2008). A model for predicting leaf area in young and old leaves of greenhouse type tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill.) by linear measurements. J. Agric. Fac. OMU, 23(3), 154–157.
  • Cockshull, K.E., Graves, C.J., Carol, R.J. (1992). The influence of shading on yield of glasshouse tomatoes. J. Hort. Sci., 67(1), 11–24.
  • Dayan, E., Keulen, H.V., Jones, J.W., Vipori, I., Shmuel, D., Challa, H. (1993). TOMGRO – A greenhouse-tomato simulation model. Simulation Report 29, CABO-DLO, Wageningen. Demir, K. (2004). Fide yetiştiriciliği. Türk-Koop Ekin Dergisi, Aralık, 6–14.
  • Elad, Y., Messika, Y., Brand, M., David, D.R., Sztejberg, A. (2007). Effect of Colored Shade Nets on Pepper Powdery Mildew (Leveillula taurica). Phytoparasitica, 35(3), 285–299.
  • Grimstadt, S.O., Frimanslund, E. (1993). The effect of different day and night regimes on greenhouse cucumber young plant production, flower bud formation and early yield. Sci. Hortic., 53, 191–204.
  • Heuvelink, E. (1995). Growth, development and yield of a tomato crop: Periodic destructive measurements in a greenhouse. Sci. Hortic., 61, 77–99.
  • Kandemir, D. (2005). The quantitative effects of temperature and light environment on the growth, development and yield of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) grown in greenhouses. PhD thesis. Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun (unpublished).
  • Kılıc, S., Karatas, A., Cavusoglu, K., Unlu, H., Ozdamar, H., Padem, H. (2010). Effects of different light treatments on the stomata movements of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Joker) seeedlings. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 9(1), 131–135.
  • Kılınç, M., Kutbay, G.H. (2008). Plant Ecology. Palme Yayıncılık, Ankara, 490. Kürklü, A. (1994). Energy Management in Greenhouses Using Phase Change Materials (PCMS). PhD Thesis. The University of Reading, England (unpublished). Leskovar, D.I., Daniel, J.C. (1994). Transplant production systems influence growth and yield of fresh-market tomatoes. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 119(4), 662–668.
  • Maddonni, G.A., Otegui, M.E., Cirilo, A.G. (2001). Plant population density, row spacing, and hybrid effects on maize canopy architecture and light interception. Field Crops Res., 71, 183–193.
  • Özer, H., Kandemir, D. (2016). Evaluatıon of the performance of greenhouse tomato seedlıngs grown wıth dıfferent cultıvatıon technıques. Bangladesh J. Bot., 45(1), 203–209.
  • Özer, H. (2017). Effects of shading and organic fertilizers on tomato yield and quality. Pakistan J. Bot., 49(5), 1849–1855. Özer, H. (2018). The effects of different seedling production systems on quality of tomato plantlets. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus, 17(5), 15–21.
  • Ozturk, A., Umit, S., Gürgör, P.N., Korkmaz, A. (2014). The effect of different nursery conditions on some of the leaf and stomata characteristics in Chestnuts. J. Appl. Bot. Food Qual., 87, 190–195.
  • Pearson, S., Hadley, P., Wheldon, A.E. (1994). A model of the effects of temperature on the growth and development of cauliflower (Brasssica oleracea L. botrytis). Sci. Hortic., 59, 91–106.
  • Saraçoğlu, T., Özarslan, C. (2015). Kiraz domatesi meyvesinin kütle ve hacminin matematiksel modellemesi. J. Adnan Menderes Univ. Agric. Fac., 12(1), 103–108.
  • Sarıbaş, H.Ş., Saka, A.K., Özer, H. (2018). Mathematical growth model for organically grown pepper transplants. Biol. Agric. Hortic., 34(1), 10–17.
  • Shirvani, A., Moradi, F., Moosavi, A.A. (2015). Time series modelling of increased soil temperature anomalies during long period. Int. Agrophys., 29, 509–515.
  • Taiz, L., Zeiger, E. (2008). Plant physiology. Palme Yayıncılık, Ankara, 690 pp. Topçu, S., Baytorun, A.N. (1999). Evaluation of the greenhouse tomato growth model TOMGRO under Çukurova protected cultivation conditions. J. Agric. For., 23(3), 749–755.
  • Tüzel, Y., Gül, A., Daşgan, H.Y., Öztekin, G.B., Engindemiz, S., Boyacı, H.F. (2015). Örtüaltı yetiştiriciliğinde değişimler ve yeni arayışlar. Türkiye Ziraat Mühendisliği VIII. Teknik kongresi, Bildiriler Kitabı-I, 12–16 Ocak, Ankara, 685–709.
  • Uzun, S. (1996). The Quantitative Effects of Temperature and Light Environment on the Growth, Development and Yield of Tomato and Aubergine. PhD Thesis. The Univ. of Reading, England (unpublished). Uzun, S. (1997). Sıcaklık ve ışığın bitki büyüme, gelişme ve verimine etkisi (I. Büyüme). J. Fac. Agric. OMU, 12(1), 147–156.
  • Uzun, S. (2001). The relationships between some growth and yield parameters of greenhouse grown tomatoes and aubergine and temperature and light intensity. 6. Ulusal Seracılık Sempozyumu, 5–7 Eylül, FethiyeMuğla, 97–102.
  • Uzun, S., Marangoz, D., Özkaraman, F., (2001). Modelling the time elapsing from seed sowing to emergence in some vegetable crops. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 4(4), 442– 445.
  • Wolfi, S., Rudich, J., Marani, A., Rekah, Y. (1986). Predicting harvesting date processing tomatoes by a simulation model. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 111(1), 11–16.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-1f582c6f-a815-4b4b-8622-e3940a9937e7
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.