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2013 | 35 | 04 |
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24-Epibrassinolide maintains elevated redox state of AsA and GSH in radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seedlings under zinc stress

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Exogenous-applied 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) increased the seedling growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) in terms of seedling length, fresh weight and dry weight both in zinc (Zn2+)-stressed and unstressed conditions. Moreover, EBR lowered the Zn2+ uptake and bioaccumulation. Increased oxidation of ascorbate (AsA) and glutathione (GSH) pools to dehydroascorbate and glutathione disulfide respectively was observed in Zn2+-stressed seedlings, a clear indication of oxidative stress. However, exogenous application of EBR to stressed seedlings inhibited the oxidation of ascorbate and glutathione, maintaining redox molecules in reduced form. Under Zn2+ stress, enzymatic activities of ascorbate–glutathione cycle such as ascorbate peroxidase, monodehydroascorbate reductase increased but the dehydroascorbate reductase, glutathione reductase decreased. Zn2+ stress induced the gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, and glutathiones- transferase activities in radish seedlings were further enhanced with EBR application. Zn2+ toxicity decreased the thiol content but, EBR supplementation resulted in restoration of thiol pool. The results of present study clearly demonstrated that external application of EBR modulates the AsA and GSH redox status to combat the oxidative stress of Zn2+ in seedlings via the AsA–GSH cycle and glutathione metabolism as an antioxidant defense system.
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