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2013 | 58 | 2 |
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First report of Trichinella pseudospiralis in Poland, in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes)

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Nematode worms of the genus Trichinella are one of the most widespread zoonotic pathogens. Natural transmission between hosts can only occur through the ingestion of infected meat. To date, two Trichinella species are known to be etiological agents of disease among domestic animals and wildlife in Poland: T. spiralis and T. britovi. In the last decades, since the administration of an oral vaccination against rabies, the red fox population in Poland has increased exponentially. The study area covers the Nowy Targ region: a mountainous area (585–1138 m above the sea) in southern Poland. Of 24 red foxes examined in the study, four were infected with Trichinella isolates: three were identified as T. britovi and one as T. pseudospiralis. The muscle of red foxes infected with T. britovi harboured 2.75, 3.11, 4.4 LPG and with T. pseudospiralis 0.36 LPG. Trichinella larvae were identified at species level by genomic and mitochondrial multiplex PCR, the products of which were sequenced for comparison with other sequences available in GenBank. The sequences obtained from the Polish T. pseudospiralis isolate, deposited in GenBank under the accession numbers JQ809660.1 and JQ809661.1, matched sequences already published in GenBank. Sequence comparison showed a 100% match with the large subunit ribosomal RNA gene of T. pseudospiralis isolate ISS 013, and a 96–95% match with those of T. pseudospiralis isolates ISS 141 and ISS 470. This is the first report of the identification of T. pseudospiralis larvae from red fox in Poland.
Opis fizyczny
  • W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55 , 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55 , 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55 , 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55 , 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
  • W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55 , 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
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