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2009 | 11 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

New species of bonneted bat, genus Eumops (Chiroptera: Molossidae) from the lowlands of western Ecuador and Peru

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EN
Abstrakty
EN
We describe and formally name a species of bonneted bat (genus Eumops), which is a member of the E. glaucinus complex. Closely related species are E. glaucinus, E. ferox, and E. floridanus. The conceptual basis for the description of this species is the Genetic Species Concept with speciation by the Bateson-Dobzhanzky-Muller model. The new species is distinguished from all other species of bats by its unique karyotype (2N = 38, FN = 54), sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene, and genetic markers revealed through analysis of Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms. The series from the type locality (Ecuador, Guayas) is comprised of seven specimens. Morphologically, the new species is smaller than E. floridanus and E. glaucinus, but is indistinguishable from E. ferox. The new species is significantly smaller in size than E. glaucinus in six out of eight measurements and is distinguishable from E. glaucinus based on length of maxillary toothrow and zygomatic breadth. The geographic range of E. wilsoni, as currently documented, is the dry forests of southwestern Ecuador and adjacent northwestern Peru. We propose the common name for this species be Wilson’s bonneted bat.
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-
Rocznik
Tom
11
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.1-13,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Museum, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Museum, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
  • Department of Biology,Angelo State University, San Angelo, TX 76909, USA
autor
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Museum, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
autor
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Museum, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Museum, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
  • Department of Biology, Angelo State University, San Angelo, TX 76909, USA
Bibliografia
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  • Bateson, W. 1909. Heredity and variation in modern lights. Pp. 85-101, in Darwin and modern science (A. C. Seward, ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, vi + 595 pp.
  • Bradley, R. D., and R. J. Baker. 2001. A test of the genetic species concept: cytochrome-b sequences in mammals. Journal of Mammalogy, 82: 960-973.
  • Carter, D. C., and P. G. Dolan. 1978. Catalogue of type specimens of Neotropical bats in selected European museums. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University, 15: 1-136.
  • Corbet, G. B. 1997. The species in mammals. Pp. 341-356, in Species: the units of biodiversity (M. F. Claridge, H. A. Dawah, and M. R. Wilson, eds.). Chapman and Hall, London, v + 439 pp.
  • da Silva, M. N. F., and J. L. Patton. 1998. Molecular phylogeography and the evolution and conservation of Amazonian mammals. Molecular Ecology, 7: 475-486.
  • Eger, J. L. 1977. Systematics of the genus Eumops (Chiroptera: Molossidae). Life Sciences Contributions, Royal Ontario Museum, 110: 1-69.
  • Finato, A. O., M. Varella-Garcia, E. H. Tajara, V. A. Taddei, and E. Morielle-Versute. 2000. Intrachromosomal distribution of telomeric repeats in Eumops glaucinus and Eumops perotis (Molossidae, Chiroptera). Chromosome Research, 8: 563-569.
  • Gannon, W. L., R. S. Sikes, and the Animal Care and Use Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists. 2007. Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the use of wild mammals in research. Journal of Mammalogy, 88: 809-823.
  • Genoways, H. H., R. J. Baker, J. W. Bickham, and C. J. Phillips. 2005. Bats of Jamaica. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University, 48: 1-155.
  • Kimura, M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16: 111-120.
  • Mayden, R. L. 1997. A hierarchy of species concepts: the denouement in the saga of the species problem. Pp. 381-424, in Species: the units of biodiversity (M. F. Claridge, H. A. Dawah, and M. R. Wilson, eds.). Chapman and Hall, London, United Kingdom, v + 439 pp.
  • McDonough, M. M., L. K. Ammerman, R. M. Timm, H. H. Genoways, P. A. Larsen, and R. J. Baker. 2008. Speciation within bonneted bats (genus Eumops): the complexity of morphological, mitochondrial, and nuclear data sets in systematics. Journal of Mammalogy, 89: 1306-1315.
  • Mishler, B. D., and E. Theriot. 2000. The Phylogenetic Species Concept (sensu Mishler and Theriot): monophyly, apomorphy, and phylogenetic species concepts. Pp. 44-54, in Species concepts and phylogenetic theory (Q. D. Wheeler and R. Meier, eds.). Columbia University Press, New York, vi + 230 pp.
  • Morielle-Versute, E., M. Varella-Garcia, and V. A. Taddei. 1996. Karyotypic patterns of seven species of molossid bats (Molossidae, Chiroptera). Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 72: 26-33.
  • Nei, M., and W. H. Li. 1979. Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 76: 5269-5273.
  • Peakall, R., and P. E. Smouse. 2006. GenAlEx 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. Molecular Ecology Notes, 6: 288-295.
  • Pumo, D. E., Finamore, P. S., Franek, W. R., Phillips, C. J., Tarzami, S., and D. Balzarano. 1998. Complete mitochondrial genome of a neotropical fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, and a new hypothesis of the relationships of bats to other eutherian mammals. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 47: 709-717.
  • Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. Pp. 312-529, in Mammal species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference, 3rd edition (D. E. Wilson and D. M Reeder, eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, xvii + 2142 pp.
  • Sudman, P. D., L. J. Barkley, and M. S. Hafner. 1994. Familial affinity of Tomopeas ravus (Chiroptera) based on protein electrophoretic and cytochrome-b sequence data. Journal of Mammalogy, 75: 365-377.
  • Timm, R. M., and H. H. Genoways. 2004. The Florida bonneted bat, Eumops floridanus (Chiroptera: Molossidae): distribution, morphometrics, systematics, and ecology. Journal of Mammalogy, 85: 852-865.
  • Warner, J. W., J. L. Patton, A. L. Gardner, and R. J. Baker. 1974. Karyotypic analyses of twenty-one species of molossid bats (Molossidae: Chiroptera). Canadian Journal of Genetic Cytology, 16: 165-176.
  • Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (eds.). 2005. Mammal species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference, 3rd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, xvii + 2142 pp.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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