Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników


2006 | 56 | 4 |

Tytuł artykułu

Do permanently mixed colonies of wood ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) really exist?

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



We describe the composition of two colonies of wood ants (FM-1 and FM-2) from southern Finland, identified on the basis of morphological investigations of workers (for FM-1, also of alate gynes and males) as mixed colonies comprising individuals with phenotypes typical of Formica aquilonia Yarr., F. polyctena Först, and F. rufa L. The prevailing species (phenotypes) were F. polyctena in FM-1, and F. rufa in FM-2. Colony FM-1 was observed every year in the period 1996-2006, almost from the moment it was formed. A first tentative investigation in 1999 revealed that it was already a mixed one and was probably also polygynous. Systematic follow-up investigations from 2002 to 2006 demonstrated relative stability of the proportions of individual species (phenotypes). A possible origin of this permanently mixed colony is postulated and discussed.









Opis fizyczny



  • Laboratory of Social and Myrmecophilous Insects, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wilcza 64, 00-679 Warsaw, Poland
  • Laboratory of Social and Myrmecophilous Insects, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wilcza 64, 00-679 Warsaw, Poland


  • Boomsma, J. J. and L. Sundström 1998. Patterns of paternity skew in Formica ants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 42: 85-92.
  • Cherix, D., Chautems, D., Fletcher, D. J. C., Fortelius, W., Gris, G., Keller, L., Passera, L., Rosengren, R., Vargo, E. L. and F. Walter F. 1991. Alternative reproductive strategies in Formica lugubris Zett. (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, Special Issue 1: 61-66.
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8. Scandinavian Science Press Ltd., Klampenborg, 174 pp.
  • Czechowski, W. 1990. Aggression of Formica aquilonia Yarr. to Camponotus ligniperdus (Latr.) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) under the conditions of artificial colonization. Memorabilia Zoologica, 44: 83-91.
  • Czechowski, W. 1993a. Replacement of species in red wood ant colonies (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annales Zoologici, 44:17-26.
  • Czechowski, W. 1993b. Mixed colonies of red wood ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annales Zoologici, 44: 27-41.
  • Czechowski, W. 1993c. Hybrids in red wood ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annales Zoologici, 44: 43-54.
  • Czechowski, W. 1996. Colonies of hybrids and mixed colonies; interspecific nest takeover in wood ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Memorabilia Zoologica, 50: 1-116 + xx pp.
  • Czechowski, W. and B. Markó. 2005. Competition between Formica cinerea Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and co-occurring ant species, with special reference to Formica rufa L.: direct and indirect interferences. Polish Journal of Ecology, 53: 467-489.
  • Czechowski, W., Radchenko, A. and W. Czechowska. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Poland. Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS, Warszawa, 200 pp.
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1967. Murav'i roda Formika. Nauka, Moskva, 236 pp.
  • Dlussky, G. M. and B. Pisarski. 1971. Rewizja polskich gatunków mrówek (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) z rodzaju Formica L. Fragmenta Faunistica, 16: 145-224.
  • Douwes, P. 1979. Formica rwfa-gruppens systematik. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 100:187-191.
  • Douwes, P. 1981. Intraspecific and interspecific variation in workers of the Formica rufa group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Sweden. Entomologica Scandinavica, Suppl. 15: 213-223.
  • Fortelius, W., Fletcher, D. J. C. and D. Cherix. 1990. Queen recruitment in polygynous and polydomous Formica populations, pp. 243-244. In: G. K. Veeresh et al. (eds). Social insects and their environment. E. J. Brill, Leiden.
  • Fortelius, W., Rosengren, R., Cherix, D. and D. Chautems. 1993. Queen recruitment in a highly polygynous supercolony of Formica lugubris Zett. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Oikos, 67: 193-200.
  • Goropashnaya, A. V., Fedorov, V. B., Seifert, B. and P. Pamilo. 2004. Limited phylogeographical structure across Eurasia in two red wood ant species Formica pratensis and F. lugubris (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Molecular Ecology, 13: 1849-1858.
  • Gösswald, K., Kneitz, G. and G. Schirmer. 1965. Die geographische Verbreitung der hügelbauenden Formica- Arten (Hym., Formicidae) in Europa. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Zetschrift für Systematic, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 92: 369-404.
  • Gyllenstrand, N., Seppä, P. and P. Pamilo. 2004. Genetic differentiation in sympatric wood ants, Formica rufa and F. polyctena. Insectes Sociaux, 51: 139-145.
  • Kutter, H. 1977. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica Fauna, 6: 1-298.
  • Mabelis, A. A. 1986. Why do young queens fly? (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Proceedings of the 3rd European Congress of Entomology. Amsterdam, pp. 461-464.
  • Mabelis, A. and M. Soesbergen. 1989. Verspreiding van rode bosmieren in relatie tot grootte en isolatie van hun woongebieden. Wetenschappelijke Mededelingen von de Koninklijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 192: 49-52.
  • Meder, A., Freitag, A. and D. Cherix. 2005. Species- and nestmate brood discrimination in the sibling wood ant species Formica paralugubris and Formica lugubris. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 42: 201-212.
  • Pamilo, P., Chautems, D. and D. Cherix. 1992. Genetic differentiation of disjunct populations of the ants Formica aquilonia and Formica lugubris in Europe. Insectes Sociaux, 39: 15-29.
  • Pamilo, P., Rosengren, R., Vepsäläinen, K., Varvio-Aho, S.-L. and B. Pisarski. 1979. Population genetics of Formica ants. II. Genie differentiation between species. Annales Entomologici Fennici, 45: 65-76.
  • Pamilo, P. and K. Vepsäläinen. 1977. Heretical notes on the taxonomy of Formica s. str. (Hym.). Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of IUSSI. Wageningen, pp. 128-129.
  • Pisarski, B. 1981. Intraspecific variations in ants of the genus Formica L. Systematics Association, Special Volume 19: 17-26.
  • Pisarski, B. and W. Czechowski. 1994. Ways to reproductive success of wood ant queens. Memorabilia Zoologica, 48: 181-186.
  • Pisarski, B. and K. Vepsäläinen. 1989. Competitive hierarchy in ant communities (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Zoologici, 42: 321-329.
  • Radchenko, A., Czechowska, W. and W. Czechowski. 2004. Mrówki - Formicidae. Klucze do Oznaczania Owadów Polski. Part XXIV, no 63. Polskie Towarzystwo Entomologiczne, Toruń, 138 pp.
  • Rosengren, R. 1977. Foraging strategy of wood ants (Formica rufa group). I. Age polyethism and topographic traditions. Acta Zoologica Fennica, 149:1-30.
  • Rosengren, R., Sundström, L. and W. Fortelius. 1993. Monogyny and polygyny in Formica ants; the results of alternative dispersal tactics, pp. 308-338. In: L. Keller (ed.). Queen number and sociality in insects. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.
  • Seifert, B. 1991. The phenotypes of the Formica rufa complex in East Germany. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz, 65:1-27.
  • Seifert, B. 1996. Ameisen: beobachten, bestimmen. Naturbuch Verlag, Augsburg, 352 pp.
  • Seifert, B. 1999. Interspecific hybridisations in natural populations of ants by example of a regional fauna (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux, 46: 45-52.
  • Seifert, B. and A. V. Goropashnaya. 2004. Ideal phenotypes and mismatching haplotypes - errors of mtDNA treeing in ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) detected by standardized morphometry. Organisms Diversity and Evolution, 4: 295-305.
  • Sorvari, J. 2006. Two distinct morphs in the wood ant Formica polyctena in Finland: a result of hybridization? Entomologica Fennica, 17: 1-7.
  • Vepsäläinen, K. and B. Pisarski. 1981. The taxonomy of the Formica rufa group: chaos before order. Systematics Association, Special Volume 19: 27-36.
  • Yamauchi, K, Czechowski, W. and B. Pisarski B. 1994. Multiple mating and queen adoption in the wood ant, Formica polyctena Foerst. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Memorabilia Zoologica, 48: 267-278.
  • Yarrow, I. H. H. 1955. The British ants allied to Formica rufa L. (Hym. Formicidae). Transactions of the Society for British Entomology, 12: 1-48.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.