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2014 | 59 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Unique bone histology in partial large bone shafts from Upper Triassic of Aust Cliff, England: An early independent experiment in gigantism

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Two giant partial bone shafts, possible femora, from the Rhaetian Bone Bed (Upper Triassic) of Aust Cliff in SW England continue to conceal their origin. The most striking characteristic of these bones is their size, showing that dinosaur-like gigantism had already evolved by the Late Triassic. Based on their characteristic, columnar shaft morphology, it was previously suggested they came from a prosauropod or stegosaur. The bone histology of both specimens is very similar: the cortex is always rather thin, not exceeding 10 mm, and is of fibrolamellar type with longitudinal primary osteons. The primary osteons show a rather unusual feature, the development of a secondary osteon inside the primary one. The bone surface in both specimens shows open vascular canals, suggesting that the animals were still growing at the time of death, but an external fundamental system (EFS) is visible in the outermost cortex of specimen BRSMG Cb3870. The external cortex shows dense growth marks, but their annual nature is difficult to ascertain. The bones are probably dinosaurian, as indicated by the fibrolamellar bone, and possibly belong to an unknown basal sauropodomorph lineage. Alternatively, some very large pseudosuchians may have evolved fibrolamellar bone independently as an adaptation for reaching giant size.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
59
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.607-615,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa
autor
  • Steinmann Institute for Geology, Mineralogy and Palaeontology, University of Bonn, Nussallee 8, 53115 Bonn, Germany
autor
  • College of Naturopathic Medicine, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
DOI
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-1c075cfa-1800-4625-8ee5-1d13f6726f89
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