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2017 | 31 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Physical and chemical characterization of masa and tortillas from parental lines, crosses, and one hybrid

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In maize plant breeding aimed at producing a hybrid, it is necessary to characterize the parents and hybrids by their agronomic aspects and grain quality so that the processing industry may offer consumers a quality product and also improve its efficiency. This study evaluated the viscoelastic parameters of masa and the chemical and texture properties of tortillas obtained from parent lines (M-54, M55, and CML-242), two single crosses (M54xM55 and M55xM54), and one hybrid (H-70). The morpho- logy of the maize grains and tortillas was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. The firmness of masa obtained from CML-242 and H-70 maize was higher than that from the other maize genotypes. M-54 tortillas showed the lowest crude fiber content. Otherwise, tortillas obtained from the M55xM54 hard grain had the lowest fat content and extensibility, while H-70 tortillas showed an intermediate breaking point and extensibility. M-54 and M54xM55 tortillas were softer due to their more swollen starch granules. In contrast, rigid tortillas were obtained from CML-242 and H-70. Grain hardness causes different morphology in starch and tortilla of maize genotypes. However, grain hardness did not influence the characteristics of texture in tortillas.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
31
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.129-138,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Engineering and Technology LEM-I (Laboratory Experimental Multidisciplinary-Food Engineering), Faculty of Studies Cuautitlan Superiors, National Autonomous University of Mexico - UNAM, Campus 1, First of May, Infonavit Centro, Cuautitlan Izcalli, State of Mexico C.P.54725, Mexico
  • Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Studies Cuautitlan Superiors, National Autonomous University of Mexico - UNAM, Campus 4, Km.2.5 Highway Cuautitlan-Teoloyucan San Sebastian Xhala, Cuautitlan Izcalli, State of Mexico, C.P.54725, Mexico
  • National Politecnic Institute, Postgraduate and Research Section, School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering - ESIME, Professional Unit ‘Adolfo López Mateos’, Col. Lindavista, Mexico City, C.P.07738, Mexico
  • National Politecnic Institute, Postgraduate and Research Section, School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering - ESIME, Professional Unit ‘Adolfo López Mateos’, Col. Lindavista, Mexico City, C.P.07738, Mexico
  • National Politecnic Institute, Postgraduate and Research Section, School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering - ESIME, Professional Unit ‘Adolfo López Mateos’, Col. Lindavista, Mexico City, C.P.07738, Mexico
  • National Politecnic Institute, Postgraduate and Research Section, School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering - ESIME, Professional Unit ‘Adolfo López Mateos’, Col. Lindavista, Mexico City, C.P.07738, Mexico
  • Department of Materials Engineering CFATA, National Autonomous University of Mexico - UNAM, Campus Juriquilla, Queretaro, Mexico
  • Department of Chemical Science, Faculty of Studies Cuautitlan Superiors, National Autonomous University of Mexico - UNAM, Campus 1, First of May, Infonavit Centro, Cuautitlan Izcalli, State of Mexico, C.P.54725, Mexico
  • National Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock, Experimental Valley of Mexico, km. 13.5 Highway Los Reyes-Texcoco, Coatlinchan, Texcoco, State of Mexico, C.P.56250, Mexico
  • Research Unit in Grains and Seeds (UNIGRAS), Faculty of Studies Cuautitlan Superiors, National Autonomous University of Mexico - UNAM. Dr. Jorge Jimenez Cantu s/n, Atlamica, Cuautitlan Izcalli, State of Mexico, C.P.54729, Mexico
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-1bfc0d10-48bd-4eae-8e9e-b21f9dcee183
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