Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 36 | 12 |

Tytuł artykułu

The alleviating effects of selenium and salicylic acid in salinity exposed soybean

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



This research was conducted to screen various treatments of selenium (Se) and/or salicylic acid (SA) to mitigate signs of salinity on soybean. Seedlings were treated with three concentrations of Se (0, 25 and 50 mg l⁻¹), two concentrations of SA (0 and 0.5 mM) and/ or two concentrations of NaCl (0 and 100 mM). Se and/or SA had significant enhancing and alleviating effects on the chlorophyll a (Chl a) and carotenoid contents as well as, Chl a/b in the treated plants, but had adverse effects on the Chl b concentrations. The limiting effects of salinity on leaf area and dry mass were significantly eased by the Se and/or SA among which 25 mg l⁻¹ Se and combined treatment of 50 mg l⁻¹ Se and SA were the most effective. The utilization of Se and/or SA led to the improved proline and Mg contents, compared to the control. The supplemented Se and/or SA, especially the mixed ones, resulted in a significant decrease in Na/K ratios. Se and/or SA had significant inducing effects on enzymatic (peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) and non-enzymatic (ascorbate) antioxidant system. On the basis of the obtained results, it could be stated that the foliar utilization of Se in combination with SA may be used to relieve the signs of salinity stress.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, 1656746841, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, 1656746841, Tehran, Iran
  • School of Biology, Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, 1656746841, Tehran, Iran


  • Abeles FB, Biles CL (1991) Characterization of peroxidase in lignifying peach fruit endocarp. Plant Physiol 95:269–273
  • An FC, Mou Z (2011) Salicylic acid and its function in plant immunity. J Integr Plant Biol 53:412–428
  • Aslam M, Harbit KB, Huffaker RC (1990) Comparative effects of selenite and selenate on nitrate assimilation in barley seedlings. Plant Cell Environ 13:773–782
  • Bates LS, Walrow RP, Teare ID (1973) Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant Soil 39:205–208
  • Djanaguiraman M, Devi DD, Shanker AK, Sheeba JA, Bangarusamy U (2005) Selenium—an antioxidative protectant in soybean during senescence. Plant Soil 272:77–86
  • Drzewiecka K, Mleczek M, Gasecka M, Magdziak Z, Golinski P, Chadzinikolau T (2014) Copper phytoextraction with Salix purpurea × viminalis under various Ca/Mg ratios. Part 2. Effect on organic acid, phenolics and salicylic acid contents. Acta Physiol Plant 36:903–913
  • Essa TA (2002) Effect of salinity stress on growth and nutrient composition of three soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) cultivars. J Agron Crop Sci 188:86–93
  • Feng R, Wei C, Tu S (2013) The roles of selenium in protecting plants against abiotic stresses. Environ Exp Bot 87:58–68
  • Germ M, Kreft I, Stibilj V, Urbanc-Bericic O (2007) Combined effects of selenium and drought on photosynthesis and mitochondrial respiration in potato. Plant Physiol Biochem 45:162–167
  • Giannopolitis CN, Ries SK (1977) Superoxide dismutase in higher plants. Plant Physiol 59:309–314
  • Gill SS, Tuteja N (2010) Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant Physiol Biochem 48:909–930
  • Hartikainen H, Xue TL, Piironen V (2000) Selenium as an antioxidant and prooxidant in ryegrass. Plant Soil 225:193–200
  • Idrees M, Naeem M, Khan MN, Aftab T, Khan MM, Moinuddin N (2012) Alleviation of salt stress in lemongrass by salicylic acid. Protoplasma 249:709–720
  • Khan N, Syeed S, Masood A, Nazar R, Iqbal N (2010) Application of salicylic acid increases contents of nutrients and antioxidative metabolism in mung bean and alleviates adverse effects of salinity stress. Int J Plant Biol 1:e1
  • Khedr AHA, Abbas MA, Wahid A, Quick W, Abogadallah GM (2003) Proline induces the expression of salt-stress-responsive proteins and may improve the adaptation of Pancratium maritimum L. to salt-stress. J Exp Bot 54:2553–2562
  • Krasensky J, Jonak C (2012) Drought salt, and temperature stress-induced metabolic rearrangement and regulatory net-works. J Exp Bot 4:1593–1608
  • Li G, Wan S, Zhou J, Yang Z, Qina P (2010) Leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, hyperspectral reflectance, pigments content, malondialdehyde and proline accumulation responses of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) seedlings to salt stress levels. Ind Crop Prod 31:13–19
  • Lichtenthaler HK (1987) Chlorophylls and carotenoids: Pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods Enzymol 148:350–380
  • Lindblom SD, Valdez-Barillas RJ, Fakra SC, Marcus MA, Wangeline AL, Pilon-Smits E (2013) Influence of microbial associations on selenium localization and speciation in roots of Astragalus and Stanleya hyperaccumulators. Environ Exp Bot 88:33–42
  • Loutfy N, El-Tayeb MA, Hassanen AM, Moustafa MFM, Sakuma Y, Inouhe M (2012) Changes in the water status and osmotic solute contents in response to drought and salicylic acid treatments in four different cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum). J Plant Res 125:173–184
  • Mittler R (2002) Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance. Trends Plant Sci 7:405–410
  • Miura K, Lee J, Miura T, Hasegawa PM (2010) SIZ1 controls cell growth and plant development in Arabidopsis through salicylic acid. Plant Cell Physiol 51:103–113
  • Munns R, Tester M (2008) Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:651–681
  • Mutlu S, Atici O (2012) Alleviation of high salt toxicity-induced oxidative damage by salicylic acid pretreatment in two wheat cultivars. Toxicol Ind Health 29:89–96
  • Nazar R, Iqbal N, Syeed S, Khan NA (2011) Salicylic acid alleviates decreases in photosynthesis under salt stress by enhancing nitrogen and sulfur assimilation and antioxidant metabolism differentially in two mung bean cultivars. J Plant Physiol 168:807–815
  • Palma F, López-Gómez M, Tejera NA, Lluch C (2013) Salicylic acid improves the salinity tolerance of Medicago sativa in symbiosis with Sinorhizobium meliloti by preventing nitrogen fixation inhibition. Plant Sci 208:75–82
  • Pereira GJG, Molina SMG, Lea PJ, Azevedo RA (2002) Activity of antioxidant enzymes in response to cadmium in Crotalaria juncea. Plant Soil 239:123–132
  • Prieto P, Pineda M, Aguilar M (1999) Spectriphotometric quantitation of antioxidant capacity through the formation of a phosphomolibdenum complex: specific application to the determination of vitamin E. Anal Biochem 269:337–341
  • Ramachandra Reddya A, Viswanatha Chaitanya K, Vivekanandan M (2004) Drought-induced responses of photosynthesis and antioxidant metabolism in higher plants. J Plant Physiol 161:1189–1202
  • Scheumann V, Ito H, Tanaka A, Schoch S, Rüdiger W (1996) Substrate specificity of chlorophyll (ide)b reductase in etioplasts of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Eur J Biochem 242:163–170
  • Szalai G, Janda T (2009) Effect of salt stress on the salicylic acid synthesis in young maize (Zea mays L.) plants. J Agron Crop Sci 195:165–171
  • Turakainen M, Hartikainen H, Sepänen M (2004) Effect of selenium treatments on potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) growth and concentration of soluble sugars and starch. J Agric Food Chem 52:5378–5382
  • Wasti S, Mimouni H, Smiti S, Zid E, Ahmed HB (2012) Enhanced salt tolerance of tomatoes by exogenous salicylic acid applied through rooting medium. OMICS J Integr Biol 16:1–8
  • Xue TL, Hartikainen H, Piironen V (2001) Antioxidative and growthpromoting effect of selenium on senescing lettuce. Plant Soil 237:55–61
  • Zhang L, Ackley AR, Pilon-Smits EAH (2007) Variation in selenium tolerance and accumulation among 19 Arabidopsis thaliana accessions. J Plant Physiol 164:327–336

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.