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2009 | 59 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Acetic acid bacteria - perspectives of application in biotechnology - a review

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The most commonly recognized and utilized characteristics of acetic acid bacteria is their capacity for oxidizing ethanol to acetic acid. Those microorganisms are a source of other valuable compounds, including among others cellulose, gluconic acid and dihydroxyacetone. A number of inves­tigations have recently been conducted into the optimization of the process of glycerol biotransformation into dihydroxyacetone (DHA) with the use of acetic acid bacteria of the species Gluconobacter and Acetobacter. DHA is observed to be increasingly employed in dermatology, medicine and cosmetics. The manuscript addresses pathways of synthesis of that compound and an overview of methods that enable increasing the effectiveness of glycerol transformation into dihydroxyacetone.
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