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2017 | 20 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Different training schedules influence platelet aggregation in show jumping horses

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Depending on the intensity, duration and type of physical exercise, equine metabolism has to adapt to nervous, cardiovascular, endocrine and respiratory system requirements. In horses, exercise and training are known to have considerable effects on the mechanisms of hemostatic system involving platelet activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different training schedules on platelet aggregation in 15 Italian Saddle jumping horses. Animals were divided into three equal groups: Group A was subjected to a high intensity-training program; group B to a light training program, group C included sedentary horses. From each animal, blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture at rest on the 1st, 3rd and 5th days, and afterwards, once a week, for a total of 5 weeks data recording, in order to assess the maximum degree of platelet aggregation and the initial velocity of aggregation (slope) platelet aggregation. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant effect of the different training schedules on studied parameters. The results revealed a different degree of platelet aggregation and a different initial velocity of platelet aggregation that changes during the different training schedules in horses that could represent a different protective endothelial mechanism. These findings could have an important role for a clearer knowledge of the physiological reference values of platelet aggregation and for a better interpretation of these variations during the training.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.149-154,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario Annunziata, University of Messina, 98168, Messina, Italy
autor
  • Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario Annunziata, University of Messina, 98168, Messina, Italy
autor
  • Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario Annunziata, University of Messina, 98168, Messina, Italy
autor
  • Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, Viale Ferdinando Stagno d’Alcontres 31, University of Messina, 98166 S, Agata-Messina, Italy
autor
  • Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario Annunziata, University of Messina, 98168, Messina, Italy
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dental, Morphological and Functional Images, Building G, Biological Tower, Via C. Valeria 1, Polyclinic Hospital University, 98125, Messina, Italy
autor
  • Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario Annunziata, University of Messina, 98168, Messina, Italy
Bibliografia
  • Assenza A, Tosto F, Casella S, Fazio F, Giannetto C, Piccione G (2013) Changes in blood coagulation induced by exercise training in young athletic horses. Res Vet Sci 95:1151-1154.
  • Casella S, Giannetto C, Giudice E, Piccione G (2010). Effect of different workload and hydrocortisone in vitro on platelet aggregation in athletic horse. Polish J Vet Sci 13: 501-506.
  • El-Sayed MS, Ali N, El-Sayed Ali Z (2005) Aggregation and activation of blood platelets in exercise and training. Sports Med 35: 11-22.
  • Giordano A, Meazza C, Salvadori M, Paltrinieri S (2010) Thromboelastometric profiles of horses affected by exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhages. Vet Med Int Article ID 945789.
  • Hinchcliff KW, Kaneps AJ, Geor RJ (2004) Equine sports medicine and surgery. Basic and clinical sciences of the equine athlete. 1st ed., Saunders Company, Edinburgh, London.
  • Hodgson DR, Rose RJ (1994) Principles and practice of equine sports medicine. The athletic horse. WB Saunders, Philadelphia.
  • Nesbitt WS, Westein E, Tovar-Lopez FJ, Tolouei E, Mitchell A, Fu J, Carberry J, Fouras A, Jackson SP (2009) A shear gradient-dependent platelet aggregation mechanism drives thrombus formation. Nat Med 15: 665-673.
  • Piccione G, Assenza A, Casella S, Giannetto C, Tosto F, Caola G (2010a). Modifications of platelet aggregation during treadmill section and obstacle course in athletic horse. Acta Vet Beo 60: 165-172.
  • Piccione G, Bazzano M, Giannetto C, Marafioti S, Fazio F (2014a) Training-induced changes in clotting parameters of athletic horses. J Vet Sci 15: 45-49.
  • Piccione G, Casella S, Giannetto C, Assenza A, Caola G (2010b) Effect of different storage conditions on platelet aggregation in horse. J Equine Vet Sci 30: 371-375
  • Piccione G, Grasso F, Fazio F, Giudice E (2008). The effect of physical exercise on the daily rhythm of platelet aggregation and body temperature in horses. Vet J 176: 216-220.
  • Piccione G, Marafioti S, Giannetto C, Panzera M, Fazio F (2014b) Effect of dietary supplementation with omega 3 on clotting time, fibrinogen concentration and platelet aggregation in the athletic horse. Liv Sci 161: 109-113.
  • Satué K, Hernández A, Muñoz A (2012) Physiological Factors in the Interpretation of Equine Hematological Profile, Hematology – Science and Practice. In Lawrie C (ed) ISBN: 978-953-51-0174-1, InTech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/hematology-science-and-ractice/haematological-profile-of-the-horse-phisiological-factors-influencing-equine-haematology.
  • Sweeny J, Grossman BJ (2002) Blood collection, storage and component preparation methods. In: Brecher M (ed). Technical Manual. 14th ed., Bethesda MD: American Association of Blood Banks (AABB), pp 955-958.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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