PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 85 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

How alpine heathlands response to the snow cover change on the ski slope? Long-lasting ski slope impact case study from the Hrubý Jeseník Mts (Central Europe)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The distribution and duration of snow cover are important variables that affect ecosystem processes in the alpine zone. The establishment of ski resorts dramatically change their surrounding environment and ski slopes represent significant anthropogenic impact in the mountains. We assessed the changes in environmental factors, phenology, growth, and reproductive performance of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), a dominant species of alpine heathlands, caused by a “nature-friendly” managed ski slope (i.e., without artificial snow and machine grading) at permanent plots established on the ski slope under operations (inside the ski slope) and on an unaffected control area (outside the ski slope). A lower mean temperature and a shorter time of great temperature fluctuation during snow melting, a longer time span of snow cover, and a higher snow water equivalent were observed inside the ski slope compared to outside it. Due to changed environmental conditions, the beginning of growth was postponed, and a delay in phenological development was observed in the bilberry at the ski slope. However, bilberry ripened both inside and outside the ski slope in a similar period and showed similar cover and even higher flower and fruit densities inside the ski slope compared with natural surroundings. The persistence of bilberry was not deteriorated and its performance was even better inside the ski slope. On the ski slope, managed snow cover can reduce the potential vegetation shifts due to expected impact of the climate warming. That should be taken into account in conservation and management planning.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
85
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
Article 3504 [13p.], fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, Slechtitelu 27, 78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic
autor
  • Plant Biosystematics and Ecology Research Group, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, Slechtitelu 27, 78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic
autor
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, Slechtitelu 27, 78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic
Bibliografia
  • 1. Walker MD, Walker DA, Welker JM, Arft AM, Bardsley T, Brooks PD, et al. Long-term experimental manipulation of winter snow regime and summer temperature in arctic and alpine tundra. Hydrol Process. 1999;13:2315–2330. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(199910)13:14/15%3C2315::AID-HYP888%3E3.0.CO;2-A
  • 2. Wahren CHA, Walker MD, Bret-Harte MS. Vegetation responses in Alaskan arctic tundra after 8 years of a summer warming and winter snow manipulation experiment. Glob Chang Biol. 2005;11:537–552. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00927.x
  • 3. Wipf S, Rixen C. A review of snow manipulation experiments in Arctic and alpine tundra ecosystems. Polar Res. 2010;29:95–109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-8369.2010.00153.x
  • 4. Körner C. Alpine plant life. Berlin: Springer; 2003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18970-8
  • 5. Grabherr G, Gottfried M, Pauli H. Climate effects on mountain plants. Nature. 1994;369:448. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/369448a0
  • 6. Wipf S, Stoeckli V, Bebi P. Winter climate change in alpine tundra: plant responses to changes in snow depth and snowmelt timing. Clim Change. 2009;94:105–121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-009-9546-x
  • 7. Rixen C, Stoeckli V, Ammann W. Does artificial snow production affect soil and vegetation of ski pistes? A review. Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst. 2003;5:219–230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1078/1433-8319-00036
  • 8. Rixen C, Haeberli W, Stoeckli V. Ground temperatures under ski pistes with artificial and natural snow. Arct Antarct Alp Res. 2004;36:419–427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1657/1523-0430(2004)036[0419:GTUSPW]2.0.CO;2
  • 9. Wipf S, Rixen C, Fischer M, Schmid B, Stoeckli V. Effects of ski piste preparation on alpine vegetation. J Appl Ecol. 2005;42:306–316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2005.01011.x
  • 10. Roux-Fouillet P, Wipf S, Rixen C. Long-term impacts of ski piste management on alpine vegetation and soils. J Appl Ecol. 2011;48:906–915. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.01964.x
  • 11. Kašák J, Mazalová M, Šipoš J, Kuras T. The effect of alpine ski-slopes on epigeic beetles: does even a nature-friendly management make a change? J Insect Conserv. 2013;17:975–988. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-013-9579-3
  • 12. Keller T, Pielmeier C, Rixen C, Gadient F, Gustafsson D, Stähli M. Impact of artificial snow and ski-slope grooming on snowpack properties and soil thermal regime in a sub-alpine ski area. Annals of Glaciology. 2004;38:314–318. http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/172756404781815310
  • 13. Jonas T, Marty C, Magnusson J. Estimating the snow water equivalent from snow depth measurements in the Swiss Alps. J Hydrol (Amst). 2009;378:161–167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.09.021
  • 14. Hédl R, Houška J, Banaš M, Zeidler M. Effects of skiing and slope gradient on topsoil properties in an alpine environment. Pol J Ecol. 2012;60:381–389.
  • 15. Cleland EE, Chuine I, Mooney HA, Schwartz MD. Shifting plant phenology in response to global change. Trends Ecol Evol. 2007;22:357–365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2007.04.003
  • 16. Kudo G, Suzuki S. Flowering phenology of alpine plant communities along gradient of snowmelt timing. Polar Biosci. 1999;12:100–113.
  • 17. Banaš M, Zeidler M, Duchoslav M, Hošek J. Growth of alpine lady-fern (Athyrium distentifolium) and plant species composition on a ski piste in the Hrubý Jeseník Mts., Czech Republic. Ann Bot Fenn. 2010;47:280–292. http://dx.doi.org/10.5735/085.047.0404
  • 18. Gerdol R, Siffi C, Iacumin P, Gualmini M, Tomaselli M. Advanced snowmelt affects vegetative growth and sexual reproduction of Vaccinium myrtillus in a sub-alpine heath. J Veg Sci. 2013;24:569–579. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01472.x
  • 19. Ritchie JC. Vaccinium myrtillus L. J Ecol. 1956;44:291–299. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2257181
  • 20. Treml V, Banaš M. The effect of exposure on alpine treeline position: a case study from the High Sudetes, Czech Republic. Arct Antarct Alp Res. 2008;40:751–760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1657/1523-0430(07-060)[TREML]2.0.CO;2
  • 21. Křížek M, Treml V, Engel Z. Periglacial landforms in the High Sudetes (the Czech Republic). Anales Universitatií de Vest din Timisoara – Geograe. 2005;14:51–58.
  • 22. Zeidler M, Banaš M, Duchoslav M. Carbohydrate reserve changes in below-ground biomass of subalpine grasslands as a result of different snow conditions (Hrubý Jeseník Mts., Czech Republic). Pol J Ecol. 2008;56:75–83.
  • 23. Zeidler M, Duchoslav M, Banaš M. Effect of altered snow conditions on decomposition in three subalpine plant communities. Cent Eur J Biol. 2014;9:811–822. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11535-014-0312-3
  • 24. Krahulec F, Chytrý M, Härtel H. Nardus grasslands and heathlads. In: Chytrý M, editor. Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and heathland vegetation. Praha: Academia; 2007. p. 281–319.
  • 25. Kubát K, Hrouda L, Chrtek J jun, Kaplan Z, Kirschner J, Štěpánek J. Klíč ke květeně České republiky. Praha: Academia; 2002.
  • 26. Chytrý M. Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and heathland vegetation. Praha: Academia; 2010.
  • 27. van der Maarel E. Vegetation ecology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing; 2005.
  • 28. Akaike H. Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. In: Petrov BN, Csaki F, editors. The second international symposium on information theory. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiado; 1973. p. 267–281.
  • 29. Kenward MG, Roger JH. Small sample inference for fixed effects from restricted maximum likelihood. Biometrics. 1997;53:983–997. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2533558
  • 30. Edwards AC, Scalenghe R, Freppaz M. Changes in the seasonal snow cover of alpine regions and its effect on soil processes: a review. Quat Int. 2007;162–163:172–181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2006.10.027
  • 31. Rixen C, Stoeckli V, Huovinen C, Huovinen K. The phenology of four subalpine herbs in relation to snow cover characteristics. In: Dolman AJ, Hall AJ, Kavvas ML, Oki T, Pomeroy JW, editors. Soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer schemes and large-scale hydrological models. Proceedings of an international symposium held during the Sixth Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS); 2001 Jul 18–27; Maastricht, the Netherlands. Wallingford: IAHS; 2001. p. 359–362. (IAHS Publication; vol 270).
  • 32. Molau U, Nordenhäll U, Eriksen B. Onset of flowering and climate variability in an alpine landscape: a 10-year study from Swedish Lapland. Am J Bot. 2005;92:422–431. http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/ajb.92.3.422
  • 33. Wipf S. Phenology, growth, and fecundity of eight subarctic tundra species in response to snowmelt manipulations. Plant Ecol. 2010;207:53–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11258-009-9653-9
  • 34. Kawai Y, Kudo G. Local differentiation of flowering phenology in an alpine snowbed herb Gentiana nipponica. Botany. 2011;89:361–367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/b11-024
  • 35. Sweet SK, Gough L, Griffin KL, Boelman NT. Tall deciduous shrubs offset dellayed start of growing season through rapid leaf development in the Alaskan arctic tundra. Arct Antarct Alp Res. 2014;46:682–697. http://dx.doi.org/10.1657/1938-4246-46.3.682
  • 36. Walker MD, Ingersoll RC, Webber PJ. Effects of interannual climate variation on phenology and growth of two alpine forbs. Ecology. 1995;76:1067–1083. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1940916
  • 37. Jonas T, Rixen C, Sturm M, Stoeckli V. How alpine plant growth is linked to snow cover and climate variability. J Geophys Res. 2008;113:G03013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JG000680
  • 38. Borner AP, Kielland K, Walker MD. Effects of simulated climate change on plant phenology and nitrogen mineralization in Alaskan arctic tundra. Arct Antarct Alp Res. 2008;40:27–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1657/1523-0430(06-099)[BORNER]2.0.CO;2
  • 39. Dvořák IJ , Kociánová M, Hejcman M, Treml V, Vaněk J. Linkage between geo- and biodiversity on example of snow-patch “Map of Republic” (Modrý důl Valley). Opera Corcontica. 2004;41:100–110.
  • 40. Tolvanen A. Recovery of the bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) from artificial spring and summer frost. Plant Ecol. 1997;130:35–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009776200866
  • 41. Molau U. Relationships between flowering phenology and life history strategies in tundra plants. Arctic and Alpine Research. 1993;25:391–402. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1551922
  • 42. Hülber K, Winkler M, Grabherr G. Intraseasonal climate and habitat specific variability controls the flowering phenology of high alpine plant species. Funct Ecol. 2010;24:245–252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01645.x
  • 43. Fabiszewski J, Brej T. Contemporary habitat and floristic changes in the Sudeten Mts. Acta Soc Bot Pol. 2000;69:215–222. http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/asbp.2000.029
  • 44. Higgins PD, Spomer G. Soil temperature effects on root respiration and the ecology of alpine and subalpine plants. Bot Gaz. 1976;137:110–120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/336849
  • 45. Ögren E. Premature dehardening in Vaccinium myrtillus during a mild winter: a cause for winter dieback? Funct Ecol. 1996;10:724–732. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2390507
  • 46. Mingeau M, Perrier C, Améglio T. Evidence of drought-sensitive periods from flowering to maturity on highbush blueberry. Sci Hortic (Amsterdam). 2001;89:23–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4238(00)00217-X
  • 47. Percival D, Murray A, Stevens D. Drought stress dynamics of wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton). Acta Hortic. 2003;618:353–362. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.618.41
  • 48. Pato J, Obeso JR. Growth and reproductive performance in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) along an elevation gradient. Ecoscience. 2012;19:59–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.2980/19-1-3407
  • 49. Miina J, Hotanen JP, Salo K. Modelling the abundance and temporal variation in the production of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finnish mineral soil forests. Silva Fennica. 2009;43:577–593. http://dx.doi.org/10.14214/sf.181
  • 50. Piňosová J. Některé výsledky měření sněhové pokrývky v Hrubém Jeseníku. Zprávy Československé Botanické Společnosti. 1986;21:69–78.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-1a6064ee-caf3-4ee3-9801-87b0e565ad7b
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.