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2012 | 15 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Assessments of treatment of Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) of shoulder joint in dogs - the result of two years of experience

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Osteochondrosis is a common and clinically important joint disorder that occurs in human and many species of animals such as pigs, horses and dogs. The aim of this article is to present the results of conservative and surgical treatment of Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) and to compare the recovery time in relation to race, age and extent of cartilage damage. The study was performed on 36 dogs of both sexes, aged from 4 to 24 months, weighing 12-70 kg, of different breeds (predisposed and non-specific for this disease). All patients underwent clinical, orthopedic and radiological examination through which the location of OCD changes in the shoulder joint and the degree of this problem were established. Based on the examinations the patients were qualified for particular treatment procedures. Control tests were performed after 14, 30 and 60 days, which allowed for a precise evaluation of the progress of therapy. Achieved results indicate that dogs age and the lesions extent in the shoulder joint have an impact on the outcome of treatment. Studies showed that the best therapeutic effects were obtained in dogs aged 6-10 months, which underwent surgery. The study proved that the early diagnosis of OCD strongly influence the recovery rate and may inhibit the development of degenerative changes in the joint (DJD).
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.285-290,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl.Grunwaldzki 51, 50-366 Wroclaw, Poland
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • Adamiak Z (2007) Orthopedics and traumatology of the joints and tendo-muscular system of dogs and cats. Galaktyka, Łódź, pp 10-12.
  • Carlson CS, Meuten DJ, Richardson DC (1991) Ischemic necrosis of cartilage in spontaneous and experimental lesions of osteochondrosis. J Orthop Res 9: 317-329.
  • Debeer P, Brys P (2005) Osteochondritis dissecans of the humeral head: clinical and radiological findings. Acta Orthop Belg 71: 484-488.
  • Ekman S, Carlson CS (1998) The pathophysiology of osteochondrosis. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract, 28: 17-32.
  • Harari J (1998) Osteochondrosis of the femur. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract, 28: 87-94.
  • Kealy JK, McAllister H (2005) Radiological and Ultrasound examination of dogs and cats. Elsevier, Urban and Partner Wrocław.
  • Kuroki K, Cook JL, Stoker AM, Turnquist SE, Kreeger JM, Tomlinson JL (2005) Characterizing osteochondrosis in the dog: potential roles for matrix metalloproteinases and mechanical load in pathogenesis and disease progression. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 13: 225-234.
  • LaFond E, Breur GJ, Austin CC (2002) Breed susceptibility for development orthopedic diseases in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 38: 467-477.
  • MacConaill MA (1951) The movements of bones and joints; the mechanical structure of articulating cartilage. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 33B: 251-257.
  • Marcellin-Little DJ, Levine D, Canapp SOJr (2007) The canine shoulder: selected disorders and their management with physical therapy. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 22: 171-182.
  • Necas A, Dvorak M, Zatloukal J (1999) Incidence of osteochondrosis in dogs and its late diagnosis. Acta VetBrno 68: 131.
  • Lenehan TM, Van Sickle DC (1985) Canine osteochondrosis. In: Newton CD, Nunamaker DM (eds) Textbook of small animal orthopaedics; diseases affecting joints. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, chapter 84.
  • Probst CW and Johnston SA (1993). In: Slatter DH (ed) Textbook of small animals surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, pp 1935-1941.
  • Ytrehus B, Carlson CS, Ekman S (2007) Etiology and Pathogenesis of Osteochondrosis. Vet Pathol 44: 429-448.
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Bibliografia
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