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2017 | 16 | 5 |

Tytuł artykułu

Effect of nitrogen fertilisation on the marketable yield and nutritive value of onion

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji

EN

Abstrakty

EN
The nutritive compounds of the onion are influenced by genetic as well environmental factors. Due to its shallow poorly-developed root system, onion has a low potential of using nutrients from soil. Usually mineral fertilisation increasing the yield and change the chemical composition in vegetables, and it is the chemical composition which determines the nutritive value of onion. Over 2003–2006 at Korytowo, about 30 km away from Bydgoszcz, northwards, 2-factor field experiments were set up in ‘split-plot’, in three reps. The aim of the study has been to determine the effect of the nitrogen rate (0, 60, 120, 180 kg N·ha–1) on the content of dry matter, vitamin C and monosaccharides and total sugar in onion of two cultivars: Kutnowska and Efekt. Increasing nitrogen fertilisation has resulted in a decrease in the content of dry matter in the bulbs of the onions under study. The ‘Kutnowska’ showed a higher content of total sugar and, at the same time, a lower content of monosaccharides than ‘Efekt’. ‘Efekt’ reacted with an increase in the content of vitamin C and monosaccharides as affected by higher fertilisation rates. A different reaction was noted in ‘Kutnowska’. The lower the dry matter content in onion bulbs – the greater content of total sugars and less content of monosaccharides.

Słowa kluczowe

Wydawca

-

Rocznik

Tom

16

Numer

5

Opis fizyczny

p.125-133,fig.,ref.

Twórcy

  • University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland
autor
  • University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland
autor
  • University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland
autor
  • University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland
autor
  • University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland
autor
  • University of Agriculture in Krakow, Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Bibliografia

  • Babik, J. (ed.) (2004). Organic farming methods onion. Materials for farmers collective work. Krajowe Centrum Rolnictwa Ekologicznego – Regionalne Centrum Doradztwa Rozwoju Rolnictwa i Obszarów Wiejskich w Radomiu, Radom, 42 pp. (in Polish).
  • Cecílio Filho, A.B., May, A., Porto, D.R., Barbosa, J.C. (2009). Crescimento da cebola em função de doses de nitrogênio, potássio e da população de plantas em semeadura dieta. Hortic. Bras., 27(1), 49–54.
  • Dini, I., Tenore, G.C., Dini, A. (2008). Chemical composition, nutritional value and antioxidant properties of Allium cepa L. var. tropeana (red onion) seeds. Food Chem., 107, 613–621.
  • Doruchowski, R.W. (1995). New trends in breeding of onion. Plant Breed. Seed Prod., 1, 13–17 (in Polish).
  • Gökçe, A.F., Kaya, C., Serçe, S., Özgen, M. (2010). Effect of scale color on the antioxidant capacity of onions. Sci. Hortic., 123, 431–435.
  • Grzelak, K. (2006). Cebula jako źródło prebiotyków w okresie jesienno-zimowym. Żywn. Nauka Technol. Jakość, 2(47) Suppl., 67–71.
  • Gurgul, E., Kołota, E., Herman, B., Biczak, R. (1998). Wpływ nawożenia magnezem i potasem na zawartość cukrów, witaminy C oraz chlorofilu w liściach cebuli zwyczajnej i szczypiorku. Zesz. Nauk. AR Wrocław, Rolnictwo, 73, 347, 155–164.
  • Jarosz, M., Respondek, W. (2010). The principles of proper nutrition. In: Practical guide diet. Jarosz, M. (ed.). Instytut Żywności i Żywienia, 88–95 (in Polish).
  • Kołota, E., Adamczewska-Sowinska, K., Uklanska-Pusz, C. (2013). Response of Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.) to nitrogen fertilization. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 12(2), 51–61.
  • Kołota, E., Dobromilska, R. (1992). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on yield and mineral composition of brussels sprouts. Vol. II. Nutritional status and nutrient content heads. Rocz. Nauk Rol., 109(3), 107–119 (in Polish).
  • Krełowska-Kułas, M. (1993). Badanie jakości produktów spożywczych. PWE, Warszawa. Matuszak, W., Pędziński, M. (2003). The suitability for processing of new varieties and strains of onion “consistently” Nochowo. National Conference, “Growing of vegetables for processing”, Skierniewice, 2 October 1993 (in Polish).
  • Molga, M. (1986). Podstawy klimatologii rolniczej. PWRL, Warszawa, 544–547.
  • Olle, M., Williams, I.H. (2014). The effect of organic fertilizers on the chemical quality of onions. Acta Hortic., 1054, 319–324.
  • Osmont, K., Arnt, C., Goldman, J. (2003). Temporal aspects of onion-induced antiplatelet activity. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 58, 27–40.
  • Pérez-Gregorio, R.M., García-Falcón, M.S., SimalGándara, J., Rodrugues, A.S., Almeida, D.P.F. (2010).
  • Identification and quantification of flavonoids in traditional cultivars of red and white onions at harvest. J. Food Compos. Anal., 23, 592–598.
  • PN-A-04019:1998. Produkty spożywcze. Oznaczanie zawartości witaminy C.
  • Rolbiecki, St., Rolbiecki, R., Rzekanowski, Cz., Żarski, J. (2000) The influence of sprinkler irrigation on yields of some vegetable crops in the region of Bydgoszcz, Poland. Acta Hortic., 537 (2), 871–877.
  • Rolbiecki, St., Rolbiecki, R., Czop, P. (2012). Effect of drip irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on yields of onion cv. ‘Kutnowska’ on the sandy soil in the region of Bydgoszcz. Infrastruk. Ekol. Teren. Wiej., 2(1), 183– 189 (in Polish).
  • Sêdo, A., Krejĉa, J. (1988). Rośliny źródłem przypraw. PWRiL, Warszawa. Schena, M., Davis, R.W. (2000). Technology standards for microarray research. In: Microarray Biochip Technology, Schena, M. (ed.). Eaton Publishing, Natick, MA, 1–18.
  • Strzelecka, H., Kowalski, J. (2000). Encyklopedia zielarstwa i ziołolecznictwa. PWN, Warszawa. Talburt, W., Smith, F.O. (1987). Potato Processing. AVI Van Nonstrand Reinhold Company, New York.
  • Vidyavati, H., Manjunatha, H., Hemavathy, J., Srinivasan, K. (2010). Hypolipidemic and antioxidant efficacy of dehydrated onion in experimental rats. J. Food Sci. Technol., 47(1), 55–60.
  • Woldetsadik, K., Gertsson, U., Ascard, J. (2002). Response of shallots to N, P, and K fertilizer rates. Trop. Agric., 79(4), 205–210.
  • Woldetsadik, K., Gertsson, U., Ascard, J. (2003). Shallot yield, quality and storability as affected by irrigation and nitrogen. J. Hortic. Sci. Biotech., 78(4), 549–553.
  • Woldetsadik, S.K., Workneh, T.S. (2010). Effects of nitrogen levels, harvesting time and curing on quality of shallot bulb. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 5(24), 3342–3353.
  • Zeka, N., Nasto, T., Balliu, A. (2009). The influence of N sources and fertilization doses on dry onion (Allium cepa L.) yield and bulbs shelf life. Acta Hortic., 830, 493–496.

Typ dokumentu

Bibliografia

Identyfikatory

Identyfikator YADDA

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