PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 25 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of the temporal and spatial distribution of haze and its influencing factors in Shanghai

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this paper is to assess the influence of meteorological conditions on the variability of haze in Shanghai during 1981-2013. Based on the observational data of haze and air quality in Shanghai during this period and on the National Centers for Environmental Prediction final analysis data, the long-term variability and the spatial distribution of the haze was analyzed as well as with relationship between haze and atmospheric variables, including visibility, relative humidity, and air quality. Temporal evolution showed that the annual number of haze days in Shanghai represented a rapid decline in the last decade, which was caused by the direct effects of relative humidity and visibility. Global warming-induced changes, such as a warmer temperature, lower relative humidity, and wind speed in winter, were other important factors in the decline. Spatial distribution showed that the annual number of haze days in mid-western Shanghai was higher than those in the southeastern suburbs.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
25
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.1965-1974,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
autor
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
autor
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
autor
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
autor
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
autor
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030
Bibliografia
  • 1. WANG S.W., LUO Y., ZHAO Z.C., Wen X., Huang J. The Fifth IPCC Assessment Report Hits the Streets[J]. Progressus Inquisitiones De Mutatione Climatis, 9 (6), 436, 2013.
  • 2. SCHNELL F.W. Modelling basic epistasis for quantitativegenetic studies. Vortr Pflanzenzüchtg 7, 1-11, 1984.
  • 3. RADKE M., WILLSCH H., WELTE D.H. Class separation of aromatic compounds in rock extracts and fossil fuels by liquid chromatography. Analytical Chemistry, 56, 2538, 1984.
  • 4. LEAITCH W.R., HOFF R.M., MACPHERSON J.L. Airborne and Lidar measurements of aerosol and cloud particles in the troposphere over Alert Canada in April 1986. nuliJ. Atmos. Chem. 9 (1-3), 187, 1989.
  • 5. BROCK C.A., RADKE L.F., LYONS J.H., HOBBS P.V. Arctic hazes in summer over Greenland and the North American Arctic, I, Incidence and origins. J. Atmos. Chem. 9, 129, 1989.
  • 6. ATLAS E.L., RIDLEY B.A., CANTRELL C., The Tropospheric Ozone Production about the Spring Equinox (TOPSE) Experiment: Introduction, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2002JD003172, 108, 8353, 2003.
  • 7. SONG Wenying MEI Shilong and SUN Hua.Study and discuss about observation criterion of grey haze based on automatic station data.Journal of the Meteorological Sciences, 32 (1), 74-79, 2012 [In Chinese].
  • 8. GAO G.E. The Climatic Characteristics and Change of Haze Days over China during 1961-2005 [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 63 (7), 761, 2008 [In Chinese].
  • 9. WU MENG, FAN SHAOJIA, WU DUI, BT Liao , LI Hai-Yan Characteristics and influence factors study of haze and cleaning weather over Guangzhou Area [J]. China Environmental Science, 32 (8), 1409, 2012 [In Chinese].
  • 10. ZHAO P.S., XU X.F., MENG W., DONG F., HE D., SHI Q.F., ZHANG X.L. Characteristics of hazy days in the region of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei[J].China Environmental Science, 32 (1), 31, 2012 [In Chinese].
  • 11. LIU YONGHONG., FENG TING., CAI MING. Characteristics of the haze phenomenon in Guangzhou[J]. Research of environmental sciences, 24 (10), 1081, 2011 [In Chinese].
  • 12. DING Y.H., LIU Y.J. Analysis of long-term variations of fog and haze in China in recent 50 years and their relations with atmospheric humidity. Science China: Earth Sciences, 57, 36, 2014 [In Chinese], doi: 10.1007/s11430-013-4792-1
  • 13. WANG Litao , PAN Xuemei , ZHENG Jia , CHENG Dandan , WEI Wei A modeling study of the regional haze over Hebei and surrounding areas [J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 32 (4), 925, 2012 [In Chinese].
  • 14. HU R.Z., LIU H.N., ZHANG M.G., Jiang W. Simulation of brownish haze in urban areas of Nanjing[J], Acta Scientiae Circum stantiae, 29 (4), 808, 2009 [In Chinese].
  • 15. An J.L., Li Y., Chen Y., Li J., Qu Y., Tang Y.J. Enhancements of major aerosol components due to additional HONO sources in the North China Plain (NCP) and implications for visibility and haze [J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 30 (1), 57, 2013.
  • 16. Liu Q., Geng F.H., Chen Y.H., Ting -Ting X.U., Hua Z., Hu P., Mao X.Q. Vertical distribution of aerosols during different intense dry haze periods around Shanghai [J]. China Environmental Science, 32 (2), 207, 2012 [In Chinese].
  • 17. Wang J., Niu S.J., Dan X.U., Xing -Na Y.U. Aerosol optical properties during the typical haze/fog event in Nanjing[J]. China Environmental Science, 33 (2), 201, 2013 [In Chinese].
  • 18. Zhang X.Y., Sun J.Y., Wang Y.Q., LI W.J., Zhang Q., Wang W.G.,QUAN Q.N., CAO G.L.,WANG J.Z., YANG Y.Q., ZHANG Y.M. Factors contributing to haze and fog in China. Chin Sci Bull (Chin Ver), 58, 1178, 2013, doi: 10.1360/972013-150.
  • 19. Song L.C., Gao R., Li Y., Wang G., Center N.C. Analysis of China’s Haze Days in Winter Half Year and Climatic Background During 1961-2012 [J]. Advances in Climate Change Research, 9 (5), 313, 2013 [In Chinese].
  • 20. WANG M.J., ZHU X.Y., CHEN S.P. Characteristics of haze weathers with different level in Shenzhen during 1981-2010[J]. China Environmental Science, 33 (9), 1563, 2013 [In Chinese].
  • 21. GIORGI F., MELEUX F. Modeling the regional effects of climate change on air quality. C.R. Geoscience, 339, 721, 2007.10. GX/T113-2010, Observation and forecasting levels of haze[S].
  • 22. JACOB DANIEL J., DARREL A. WINNER. Effect of climate change on air quality. Atmospheric Environment 43 (1), 51, 2009.
  • 23. Huszar P., Halenka T., Belda M., et al. Regional climate model assessment of the urban land-surface forcing over central Europe[J]. Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics, 14 (12), 18541, 2014.
  • 24. Meteorological industry standard of the People's Republic of China, Observation and forecasting levels of haze, GX/T113-2010.
  • 25. YANG Y.X., HU X.H., MIRIAM P.W. D20 visibility and com parative analysis of visibility and visual[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University (Natural Sciences), 45, 62, 2009 [In Chinese].
  • 26. Ren Z., Fuqing S.U., Chen Z., Hong Z., Cheng S., Gao Q. Innuence of synoptic systems on the distributioIl and evolution process of PM10 concentration in the boundary layer in summer and autumn. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 32 (4), 741, 2008 [In Chinese].
  • 27. JIANG W.M.,SUN J.N.,CAO W.J., JIANG R.B. Air pollution meteorology tutorial[M]. Beijing: china meteorological press [In Chinese], 2004-03 ISBN-750291318.
  • 28. YE Duzheng , Fu Congbin , Dong Wenjie , Wen Gang , Yan Xiaodong Progresses in Studies of global change sciences [J]. Atmospheric Science, 27 (4), 435, 2003.
  • 29. IPCC. Climate Change 2007 - The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC[ C] .Solomon S, Qin D, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 996, 2007.
  • 30. REN Guo -Yu, CHU Zi-Ying , ZHOU Ya-Qing , XU Ming -Zhi , WANG Ying , TANG Guo -Li, ZHAI Pan -Mao , SHAO Xue -Mei , ZHANG Ai-Ying , CHEN Zheng -Hong , GUO Jun , LIU Hong -Bin , ZHOU Jiang -Xing , ZHAO Zong -Ci, ZHANG Li, BAI Hu-Zhi , LIU Xue -Feng , TANG Hong -Yu Recent Progresses in Studies of Regional Temperature Changes in China[J].Climatic and Environmental Research [J]. Climate and Environmental Research, 10 (4), 701, 2005 [In Chinese].
  • 31. IPCC. Climate change 2001: The scientific basis contribution of working group I to the third assessment report of the IPCC [C]. HOUGHTON J.T., DING Y.H., et al, eds. Climate Change 2001. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • 32. PAN X.L., YAN P., TANG J. Observational study of influence of aerosol hygroscopic growth on scattering coefficient over rural Area near Beijing mega-city [J]. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (75), 19, 2009
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-17be995e-78e7-4704-bcb8-6b64a3d7e5ac
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.