Practical aspects of immunocytochemistry in canine lymphomas
Treść / Zawartość
The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of immunocytochemistry in a standard veterinary practice and to determine the immunophenotype of tumor cells in cases of multicentric lymphoma in dogs by immunocytochemical analysis of fine-needle biopsy specimens. The study was performed on cytological samples collected from 54 dogs, in which multicentric lymphoma was recognised based on clinical data, cytology or cytology and histology, and follow-up information. Diagnosis of lymphoma was established according to the updated Kiel classification. Immunocytochemical assays were conducted using commercially available antibodies to the pan T-lymphocyte marker CD3 and B cell antigen receptor complex CD79 alpha. Among all animals examined B cell lymphoma was recognized in 42/54 (77.8%) of cases, while in the remaining 12/54 (22.2%) of dogs T cell lymphoma was recognized. In 11 animals with lymphoma recognized cytologically, in which an entire lymph node was obtained for histology, the results of routine cytology and immunocytochemistry fully corresponded with findings revealed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Immunocytochemistry can be successfully conducted in smears stored at room temperature for 24 hours without changes of staining results. It can be stated that application of standard cytopathological assessment in connection with immunocytochemistry of lymph nodes samples collected from dogs with lymphoma is a method of choice for establishing final diagnosis, and avoids the need for reexamination or collection of tissue samples for histopathology and immunohistochemistry during surgical procedures in ambiguous cases.
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