Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 21 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Quality of groundwater in rural homesteads and agricultural land in the catchment of Lake Miedwie

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The paper presents the impact of pollutants from areas intensively used for agriculture on the quality of shallow groundwater in the drainage basin of Lake Miedwie, which is the main source of potable water for the city of Szczecin. This groundwater, due to the poor insulation against the penetration of contaminants from the surface, is a good indicator of the environmental pressure level from agriculture. The aim of the study was to analyze the chemical composition as well as the pH and electrolytic conductivity of waters of the first Quaternary aquifer in the catchment area of Lake Miedwie, located in the municipality of Warnice, which is characterized by intensive farming. The results indicate that there has been a noticeable improvement over the last ten years in the quality of groundwater, and periodic increases in the levels of certain chemical parameters such as ammonium nitrogen (6.070 mg dm-3), nitrate nitrogen (225.1 mg dm-3), phosphate phosphorus (2.635 mg dm-3) or potassium (452.0 mg dm-3) can be explained by negligence or insufficient knowledge of farmers with respect to manure storage and rational use of mineral fertilizers. Correlation analysis of the sum of chemical parameters regarding conductivity demonstrated a virtually absolute relationship (r=0.948 at p=0.001), confirming a close relationship of groundwater’s chemical parameters with the properties of the physical parameter such as specific electrolytic conductivity. Moreover, it was shown that the specific electrolytic conductivity of groundwater of 8 piezometric intakes tested was mainly shaped by the concentrations of sodium (Na), potassium (K) and magnesium (Mg) for all chemical parameters analyzed.
Opis fizyczny
  • Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty, West Pomeranian Research Centre in Szczecin, Czeslawa 9 Street, 71-504 Szczecin, Poland
  • Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty, West Pomeranian Research Centre in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty, West Pomeranian Research Centre in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty, West Pomeranian Research Centre in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Council Directive of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. 91/676/EEC.
  • Barszczewski J., Sapek B., Pietrzak S. 2001. The impact of agricultural activities at a large dairy farm on the quality of the environment. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol., 476: 39-47. (in Polish)
  • Broers H. P., Van Der Grift B. 2004. Regional monitoring of temporal changes in groundwater quality. J. Hydrol., 296: 192-220.
  • Brysiewicz A., Wesołowski P., Rawicki K. 2013. Comparison of concentrations of chemical constituents in water from a field pond and in groundwater from the surrounding farmland. Water-Environ.-Rural Areas, 13, 2(42): 17-31. (in Polish)
  • Burzyńska I. 2011. Assessment of the relationship between the content of dissolved organic carbon in soil and mineral nitrogen concentration in shallow groundwater from a farmstead. Ochr. Środ. Zasob. Natur., 48: 432-438. (in Polish)
  • Dragon K. 2006. The chemistry of groundwater in a fossil valley in Wielkopolska, between the rivers Oder and Warta. Geologos 8 Monographiae 2, Bogucki Wyd. Naukowe, Poznań. (in Polish)
  • Durkowski Т., Burczyk P., Królak B. 2006. Assessment of nutrient runoff from the agricultural catchment of Lake Miedwie during the restructuring of agriculture. Water-Environ.-Rural Areas, 6, 2(18): 51-63. (in Polish)
  • Durkowski T., Burczyk P., Królak B. 2007. The concentration of selected chemical constituents in groundwater and soil solution in a small agricultural catchment. Water-Envi-ron.-Rural Areas, 7, 1(19): 5-15. (in Polish)
  • Durkowski T., Wesołowski P., Woroniecki T. 2004. Input of pollutants to Lake Miedwie from its immediate catchment area and the possibility of its reduction. Wyd. IMUZ, Falenty, 106 ss. (in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 23 December 2002 on the criteria for determining waters vulnerable to pollution from nitrogen compounds from agricultural sources. Journal of Law 2002 no 241, poz. 2093. (in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 23 July 2008 on the criteria and method of evaluation of groundwater. Journal of Law 2008, no 143, poz. 896 (in Polish)
  • Kalisińska E., Wysocki D., Kalisiński M., Ziarnek K., Tanneberger F., Durkowski T., Jarzębski M. 2011. Management plan of meadows in the southern part of Lake Miedwie. (No proj. LIFE 05 NAT/PL/000101), miedwie.pdf (in Polish)
  • Kozłowski M., Komisarek J. 2013. Temporal Variability of Selected Dissolved Components Content in Groundwater of the Catena System of Poznań Lakeland. Rocz. Ochr. Środ., 15: 1965-1981. (in Polish)
  • Marcinkowski T. 2014. Agricultural production and water quality in polder areas of Żuławy Elbląskie. Water-Environ.-Rural Areas, 14, 1(45): 41-52. (in Polish)
  • Mioduszewski W., Kowalewski Z., Żurawski R. 2008. Groundwater particularly vulnerable to pollution by nitrates from agricultural sources. Wiad. Melior. Łąk., 51(2): 65-79. (in Polish)
  • Onorati G., Di Meo T., Bussettini M., Fabiani C., Farrace M.G., Fava A., Ferronato A., Mion F., Marchetti G., Martinelli A., Mazzoni M. 2006. Groundwater quality monitoring in Italy for the implementation of the EU water framework directive. Phys. Chem. Earth, 31: 1004-1014.
  • Orzepowski W., Pulikowski K. 2008. Magnesium, calcium, potassium and sodium content in groundwater and surface water in arable lands in the commune (Gmina) of Kąty Wrocławskie. J. Elem., 13(4): 605-614.
  • Pietrzak S., Sapek A. 1998. Monitoring the quality of groundwater in the farmyard and its rural area. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol., 458: 495-504. (in Polish)
  • Rossa L. 2003. Groundwater pollution the close vicinity of animal breeding facilities of the Experimental Farm in Falenty. Water-Environ.-Rural Areas, 3(6): 149-157. (in Polish)
  • Sapek A. 1996. The share of agriculture in water pollution with fertilizer components. Wyd. IMUZ, Zesz. Edukac., 1(96): 9-33. (in Polish)
  • Sapek B. 2014. Calcium and magnesium in atmospheric precipitation, groundwater and the soil solution in long-term meadow experiments. J. Elem., 19(1): 191-208. DOI: 10.5601/ jelem.2014.19.1.597
  • Szymańska-Pulikowska A. 2008. Sodium and potassium in the groundwater in areas near the Maślice municipal refuse dump in Wrocław. J. Elem., 13(4): 665-673.
  • Wiater J., Skowrońska M. 2001. The impact of agricultural production on the water quality of rural wells. Inż. Ekol., 5: 180-187. (in Polish)
  • Woroniecki T., K., Rumasz-Rudnicka E. 2008. Groundwater pollution NH+, NO3-, PO43- and K+ in the vicinity of a storage of natural fertilizers. Acta Agrophys., 11(2): 527-538. (in Polish)
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.