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2014 | 13 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Determination of size and shape properties of apricots using multivariate analysis

Warianty tytułu
PL
Ustalenie właściwości rozmiaru i kształtu moreli przy użyciu analizy wieloczynnikowej
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Fruit apricot dimensions, weight, size and shape are the most commonly measured pomological properties. The size and shape features of 13 apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars and promising Serbian selections grown in Western Serbia were investigated using a multivariate analysis. The apricots promoted fruits wider than long in shape, except ‘Harcot’, ‘T 7’, ‘Précoce de Tyrinthe’, ‘Roksana’ and ‘Vera’, whereas all cultivars and selections are wider than thick. Most of cultivars and/or selections tend to round shape. Mean values for fruit and stone weight, flesh rate, geometric mean diameter, kernel weight, sphericity, aspect ratio, surface area and volume ranged from 37.09 to 81.60 g, 2.71 to 4.18 g, 91.93 to 96.46%, 41.76 to 65.08 mm, 0.60 to 1.17 g, 0.94 to 1.03, 95.04 to 108.09%, 55.13 to 133.77 cm2 and 38.31 to 145.10 cm3 , respectively. For the most of attributes evaluated, ‘Roksana’ had the highest values. A high correlation was found among some physical attributes. According to their 22 properties, the apricots grouped into five clusters. There was either relative independence or close correspondence among the evaluation indexes of apricot fruit quality. Principal components analysis showed that the first three principal components variance accumulation contribution rate amounted to 85.77%, which reflected most of the size and shape characteristics of apricots.
PL
Wymiary owoców moreli, ich masa, rozmiar i kształt to najczęściej mierzone właściwości pomologiczne. Przy użyciu analizy wieloczynnikowej zbadano rozmiar i kształt owoców 13 odmian moreli (Prunus armeniaca L.) oraz obiecujących serbskich selekcji hodowanych w zachodniej Serbii. Z wyjątkiem odmian Harcot, T 7, Précoce de Tyrinthe, Roksana oraz Vera, owoce morele były szersze niż dłuższe, natomiast u wszystkich odmian i selekcji były szersze niż grubsze. Większośü owoców odmian i/lub selekcji miała okrągły kształt. średnia masa owocu i pestki, wskaźnik miąższu, średnia geometryczna średnica, masa jądra, sferycznośü, format obrazu, powierzchnia oraz objętośü wahały się odpowiednio: 37,09–81,60 g, 2,71–4,18 g, 91,93–96,46%, 41,76–65,08 mm, 0,60–1,17 g, 0,94–1,03, 95,04–108,09%, 55,13–133,77 cm2 oraz 38,31–145,10 cm3 . Pod względem wszystkich ocenianych cech najwyższe noty uzyskała ‘Roksana’. Stwierdzono wysoką korelację między niektórymi cechami fizycznymi. Według 22 właściwości wyróżniono pięć grup. Zaobserwowano albo względną niezależność, albo ścisłą korelację między wskaźnikami oceny jakości owoców.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.77-90,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Fruit Growing and Viticulture, Faculty of Agronomy, 32000 Cacak, Cara Dusana 34, Serbia
autor
  • Fruit Research Institute in Cacak, Serbia
autor
  • Department of Fruit Growing and Viticulture, Faculty of Agronomy, 32000 Cacak, Cara Dusana 34, Serbia
autor
  • Fruit Research Institute in Cacak, Serbia
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-11d446e3-a651-44d1-9eab-956172e8e744
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