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2016 | 61 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Revision of the enigmatic insect family Anthracoptilidae enlightens the evolution of Palaeozoic stem-dictyopterans

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The position of the Palaeozoic Anthracoptilidae has been a major problem of insect systematics for over a century. The previous hypotheses suggested affinities of Anthracoptilidae with the Palaeodictyopteroida, Protorthoptera, Hypoperlida, stem-Mantodea, Paraneoptera, Holometabola, or Eoblattida. Herein we put forward a new hypothesis based mainly on a comprehensive re-evaluation of the wing venation characters and re-examination of the type material of Anthracoptilus perrieri and Mesoptilus dolloi. The Anthracoptilidae are considered as belonging to the paoliid lineage, sister group of the Dictyoptera. In particular this result refutes the presence of Mantodea in the Paleozoic fossil record. The two families Strephocladidae and Strephoneuridae, are considered as junior synonyms of the Anthracoptilidae, while the previous synonymy of the Anthracoptilidae with the Ischnoneuridae is rejected. We consider the Permarrhaphidae, previously considered as synonym of the Anthracoptilidae, (and Permarrhaphus) as Insecta incertae sedis. The following new taxa are proposed: Mesoptilus carpenteri sp. nov. from the early Permian of Wellington Formation in Oklahoma (USA) which extends the range and distribution of the genus; Pseudomesoptilus gen. nov. is designated to include Mesoptilus sellardsi; Strephocladus permianus sp. nov. from the middle Permian of South of France; Westphaloptilus gallicus gen. et sp. nov. from the Bashkirian of the North of France.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
61
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.71-87,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, 510632 Guanzhou City, China
autor
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, CZ-128 44, Praha 2, Czech Republic
autor
  • CNRS UMR 7205, CP 50, Entomologie, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris, France
autor
  • Corniche de Fontbonne, F-34700, Lodeve, France
autor
  • CNRS UMR 7205, CP 50, Entomologie, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris, France
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-10c62303-0f27-4245-8daa-07bfd5a53277
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