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2015 | 24 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Aspects of sewage disposal from tourist facilities in National Parks and other protected areas

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Our paper presents an analysis of the factors directly affecting the quantity and quality of sewage discharged from tourist facilities located in national parks and other protected areas regarding natural assets and landscape. The study was based on the results of analyses carried out over one calendar year in the mountain hostel located in Chochołowska Glade in Tatra National Park. The performed analysis revealed that domestic sewage generated in tourist facilities is characterized by high variability, both quantitative and qualitative. These parameters are influenced by: the nature of the object and its location, the load of the facility with tourist traffic and the resulting daily and hourly water consumption. These conditions pose significant problems in the development of efficient sewage treatment technologies. In view of the obtained results, it was concluded that sewage treatment plants, suggested for the use in tourist facilities located in foothill and mountain areas, should be resistant to periodically occurring hydraulic underloading or overloading, as well as to frequent changes in the daily and hourly concentrations of pollutants. They should also be insensitive to frequent and sudden changes in weather conditions, mainly temperature. This type of sewage treatment plant included the solutions based on soil-plant systems or sand filters, as well as the ones located in thermally insulated buildings – sequential biological reactors and flow reactors with biological membrane module.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
24
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.107-114,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Agricultural Land Surveying, Cadaster and Photogrammetry, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Balicka 253a, 30-198 Krakow, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. KASPRZYK B., KISIELOWSKA E. Quality of surface and underground waters in the Lejova Valley in the Tatra Mts. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 6, 224, 2011 [In Polish].
  • 2. KACZOR G., BUGAJSKI P. Impact of snowmelt inflow on temperature of sewage discharged to treatment plants. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 21, (2), 381, 2012.
  • 3. BERGEL T., KACZOR G. The volume of wastewater discharged from rural households to the sewer system in the light of tap water consumption structure. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 16, (2A), part II, 109, 2007.
  • 4. KACZOR G. Pollutant concentrations in sewage discharged from rural sewer systems of the Malopolskie voivodeship. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 9, 97, 2009 [In Polish].
  • 5. ŚWIERCZOK R., ŁUKAWSKA E., WŁODYGA J. Sewage treatment on an example of “Samotnia” mountain hostel in Karpacz. Ochrona Środowiska, 1, (56), 41, 1995 [In Polish].
  • 6. JUCHERSKI A. Efficiency of domestic sewage treatment in soil biotechnology and soil-vegetation treatment plants in mountain areas. Zeszyty Naukowe AR w Krakowie, 365, 371, 2000 [In Polish].
  • 7. JUCHERSKI A. Quasi-technical sewage treatment plants with soil-vegetation filtering beds in individual sanitary sewage treatment in the valuable natural habitats in the Carpathians. In: Monography, Ed. J. Rak: Selected aspects of water protection and water management in the South-Eastern Poland. Eastern Slovakia and Western Ukraine. Wydawnictwo Muzeum Regionalnego w Brzozowie, pp. 167-183, 2012 [In Polish].
  • 8. JÓŹWIAKOWSKI K. The experience from twelve-year operation of reed bed treatment system with vertical flow. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 16, (2A), part III, 516, 2007.
  • 9. GAJEWSKA A., OBARSKA-PEMPKOWIAK H. 20 years of experience of hybrid constructed wetlands exploitation in Poland. Rocznik Ochrony Środowiska, 11, 876, 2009 [In Polish].
  • 10. GAJEWSKA M., KOPEĆ Ł., OBARSKA-PEMPKOWIAK H. Operation of small wastewater treatment facilities in scattered settlement. Rocznik Ochrony Środowiska, 13, 207, 2011.
  • 11. JUCHERSKI A., NASTAWNY M. Effectiveness of removing nitrogen compounds from domestic sewage in trickling LECA beds of different hydraulic and organic substrate loads. Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej, 4, (78), 171, 2012 [In Polish].
  • 12. CHMIELOWSKI K. Defining the optimal range of a filter bed`s d10 replacement diameter in vertical flow sand filters. Environment Protection Engineering, 3, 35, 2008.
  • 13. WAŁĘGA A., MIERNIK W., KOZIEŃ T. The efficiency of a domestic sewage treatment plant type RetroFAST. Przemysł Chemiczny, 5, 610, 2008 [In Polish].
  • 14. MARZEC M., JÓŹWIAKOWSKI K., GIZIŃSKA M., PYTKA A. Problems of operation and effects of pollution removal in wastewater treatment plants such as BIOVAC. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 2, 85, 2012 [In Polish].
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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