Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii in view of the microbial properties of the ESKAPE group in neighbouring countries - Poland and Ukraine
Treść / Zawartość
The increase in the clinical threat of ESKAPE pathogens is associated with high virulence and the presence of numerous mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance. The above characteristics of pathogens affect therapeutic failures as well as cause prolongation and increase of the cost of its treatment. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate and analyze Acinetobacter baumannii strains in relation to the remaining bacteria from the ESKAPE group that induced pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients in two neighboring countries. Materials and method. The study was retrospective. 335 clinical materials were analyzed, mainly bronchoalveolar lavage gained for microbiological screen. The analyzed patients were in intensive care units (ICU) in selected hospitals in 2013 – 2015, in Poland (154 patients) and in Ukraine (181 patients). Results. In the analysis of etiological agents of VAP caused by ESKAPE strains, Gram negative bacteria were predominant in both countries although particular species occurred at different frequencies in Poland and Ukraine. Multi-resistant strains of Acinetobacter baumannii were more frequently cultured from patients in Poland (26.9%) compared to those from Ukraine (14.6%).