Utilization of plant biological features for rational use of lime and fertilizer on acid soil
Treść / Zawartość
The results of two field experiments carried out on acid (pHKCl 4.2 - 4.3) sandy loam Dystric Podzoluvisol showed that the crops sensitive to soil acidity (winter wheat, fodder beets, spring barley and mixture of clover-timothy) were more productive on limed and fertilized soil. Crops less sensitive to acidity (winter ryes, potatoes, oats and mixture of lupine-oats) have the advantage on the acid and nonfertilized soil. The all-nutrient fertilizer application (NPK) increased the yield of crops sensitive to soil acidity on limed soil by 23.1 % and that of crops less sensitive to acidity by 18.0% in comparison to the yield of crops grown in acid soil. Therefore we can grow the crops less sensitive to acidity on the acid soil using optimum rates of cattle manure. The application of recommended rates of mineral fertilizers by growing crops sensitive to acidity on limed soil is more useful. The reaction of soil solution on liming soil must be higher than 5.5 pHKCl.
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