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1961 | 07 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Mechanizmy inwazjii i wędrówki pasożytów w organiźmie żywiciela

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Mechanisms of invasion and parasite migrations in the body of in vitro
RU
Mekhanizmy invazii i migracii parazitov v organizme khozjaina
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The purpose of the summing up of the investigation results obtained heretofore and concerning the role of proteolytic enzymes in the invasiveness of parasites is to put a special stress upon this very interesting phenomenon in the system parasite-host. The discussion in this matter was limited to protozoa, and parasite worms and concerned mainly species which have been more often tested, viz. Entamoeba histolytica or Schistosoma cercariae. As regards the protozoa the incidence of casease, gelatinase and hyaluronidase has been talked over in the first line, whereas in the class of worms special attention was concentrated on activity of collagenase, lipase and hyaluronidase. The author refers also to own, unpublished up to now, results of investigations on the spreading factor activity in E. histolytica, E. moshkovskii, Trichomonas vaginalis, Toxoplasma gondii, Balantidium coli and Trichinella spiralis (muscular larvae and mature intestinal parasites). By means of turbidimetric methods and mucin clot prevention according to Mc Cleane (1943) he stated an incontestable activity, such as hialuronidase, to tell the truth - only in B. coli. The results of tests with other parasites were either negative or contradictory. Discussing own results and those obtained by other investigators the author points to the imperfection of methods applied to day and to the usage of insufficiently purified or altogether indeterminated substrats. Though we are still in the first stage of investigations on enzymatic phenomena in parasites, we can already see how valuable are such works which will, most certainly, cast light on some obscure problems of invasion and pathogenesis of invasive diseases.
Słowa kluczowe
PL
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
07
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
s.541-559,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Katedra Parazytologii i Chorób Inwazyjnych, Wyższa Szkoła Rolnicza we Wrocławiu, Wrocław
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Bradin J. L., jr.: Hyaluronidase production by Endamoeba histolytica. - J. Parasitol., 37: 10-11, 1951.
  • 3. Bradin J. L., jr,: Studies on the production of hylauronidase by Endamoeba histolytica. - Expt. Parasitol., 2: 230-235, 1953.
  • 4. Bruni A.: II fattore di diffusione nell' Ankylostoma duodenale. - Settimana Med., 17: 1105-1106, 1939.
  • 5. Bruni A., Passalacqua A.: Sulla presenza di una mesomucinase (jaluronidasi) in Ancylostoma duodenale. - Boll. Soc. Ital. Sper., 30: 789-791, 1954.
  • 6. Campbell D. H., Melcher L. R.: Relationship of sex factors to resistance against Cysticercus crassicollis in rats. - J. Infect. Dis., 66: 184-188, 1940.
  • 7. Davis D. J.: Report on the preparation of an histolytic ferment present in the bodies of cercariae. - J. Parasitol., 22, 1: 108-110, 1936.
  • 8. Davis D. J.: Pathological studies on the penetration of the cercaria of the strigeid trematode, Diplostomum flexicaudatum. - J. Parasitol., 22, 4: 329-337, 1936.
  • 9. Deiana S.: Sulla sede di produzione e sulla funzione della sostanza ad attivita ialuronidasica dello Strongylus equinus e dello Strongylus edentatus. - Boll. della Soc. Italiana di Biol. Speriment., 33, 1/2: 104-106, 1957.
  • 10. De Lamater J. N., Michaelson J. B., Halman F. A., Blumenthal H.: An investigation into hyaluronidase as a factor in the mechanism of tissne invasion by Endamoeba histolytica. - Amer. J. Trop. Med., 3, 1: 1-8, 1954.
  • 11. Elsdon-Dew R.: The host - parasite relationship in amoebiasis. - South African Med. J., 32, 4: 89-92, 1958.
  • 12. Evans A. S.: Quantitative demonstration of hyaluronidase activity in cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni by the streptococcal decapsulation test. - Exptl, Parasitol., 2, 4: 417-427, 1953.
  • 13. Evans A. S., Stirewalt M. A.: Further studies on the demonstration of an enzymatic factor in cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni by the streptococcal decapsulation test. - J. Parasitol., 38, Suppl.: 33, 1952.
  • 14. Ginecinska T. A.: Nowe dane o mechanizmie penetracji i migracji cerkarii w tkankach żywiciela. - Dokł. Ak. Nauk SSSR., 72: 433-435, 1950.
  • 15. Gordon R. M., Griffiths R. B.: Observations on the means by which the cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni penetrate mammalian skin, together with an account of certain morphological changes observed in the newly penetrated larvae. - Ann. Trop. Med., 45: 227-243, 1951.
  • 16. Griffiths R. B.: Further observations on the penetration of mammalian skin by the cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni, with special reference to the effects of mass invasion. - Ann. Trop. Med., 47: 86-94, 1953.
  • 17. Hallman F. A., Michaelson J. B., De Lamater J. N.: The cultivation of Endamoeba histolytica in a definied medium. - Ann. J. Trop. Med., 30: 363, 1950.
  • 18. Harinasuta C., Maegraith B. G.: The demonstration of proteolytic enzyme activity of Entamoeba histolytica by the use of photographic gelatin film. - Ann. Trop. Med. Parasit., 52, 4: 508-515, 1958.
  • 19. Hobson R. P.: An enzyme fron blow-fly larvae (Lucilia sericata) which digest collagen in alkaline solution. - Biochem. J., 25: 1458-1463, 1931.
  • 20. Hunter G. W., Hunter W. S.: Studies on host relations to larval parasites. III. An histolytic ferment from the cercariae of Cryptocotyle lingua. - J. Parasitol., 23, Suppl.: 572, 1937.
  • 21. Jarumilinta R., Maegraith B. G.: Hyaluronidase activity in stock cultures of Enlamoeba histolytica. - Ann. Trop. Med. Faras., 54, 1: 118-128, 1960.
  • 22. Kaneko M.: Investiga tion on the proteolytic activity of parasitic and free living amoebae. - Kiseichu-gaku Zasshi, 5: 92, 1956.
  • 23. Kuntz R. E.: Demonstration of the „Spreading Factor" in the cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni.. - Exptl. Parasitol., 2, 4: 397-402, 1953.
  • 24. Lee C. L., Lewert R. M.: Studies on the presence of mucopolysaccharidase in penetrating helminth larvae. - J. Infect. Dis., 101: 287-294, 1957.
  • 25. Levine M. D., Garzoli R. F., Kuntz R. E., Killough J. H.: On the demonstration of hyaluronidase in cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni. - J. Parasitol., 34, 2: 158-161, 1948.
  • 26. Lewert R. M.: Invasieness of helminth larvae. - Rice Inst. Pamphlet, 45, 1: 97-113, 1958.
  • 27. Lewert R. M., Lee C. L.: Studies on the passage of helminth larvae ihrough host tissues: I. Histochemical studies on extracellular changes caused by penetrating larvae. II. Enzymatic activity of larvae in vitro and in vivo. - J. Infect. Dis., 95: 18-51, 1954.
  • 28. Lewert R. M., Lee C. L.: Studies on the passage of helminth larvae through hosi tissues. III. The effects of Taenia taeniaeformis on the rat liver as shown by histochemical techniques. - J. Infect. Dis., 97: 177-186, 1955.
  • 29. Lewert R. M., Lee C. L.: Quantitative studies of the collagenase-like enzymes of cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni and Strongyloides ratti. - J. Infect. Dis., 99: 1-14, 1956.
  • 30. Lienert E., Thorsell W.: Untersuchungen über die Aktivität von Autolysaten aus Wanderlarven (Hypoderma bovis) auf Elemente des Bindegewebes. - Exptl. Parasitol., 4: 117-122, 1955.
  • 31. Lincicome D. R.: A streptococcal decapsulation test for detection of hyaluronidase activity in animal parasites. - Exptl. Parasitol., 2, 4: 333-340, 1953.
  • 32. Nakamura M.: J. Protozool., 4, Suppl.: 18, 1947, wg Nakamura i Edwards, 1959.
  • 33. Nakamura M., Edwards P. R. jr.: Casease in Entamoeba histolytica. Nature, 183: 4658, 397, 1959.
  • 34. Nakamura M., Edwards P. R., jr.: Enzymes of Entamoeba histolytica. I. Gelatinase. - Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. N. Y., 100: 403, 1959.
  • 35. Nakamura M., Klein L.: Absence of collagenase activity in Entamoeba histolytica. - J. Parasitol., 43: 88, 1957.
  • 36. Neal R. A.: Proteolytic enzymes in Entamoeba histolytica. - Nature, 178: 599, 1956.
  • 37. Neal R. A.: Enzymie proteolysis by Entamoeba histolytica; biochemical characteristics and relationship with invasiveness. - Parasitology, 50, 3/4: 531-550, 1960.
  • 38. Rees C. W., Baernstein H. D., Reardon L. V., Phillips L.: Some interactions in vitro of Endamoeba histolytica and single species of microbial symbionts. - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 2: 1002, 1953.
  • 39. Rogers W. P.: The physiology of infective processes of nematode parasites; the stimulus from the animal host. - Proc. Roy. Soc. S. B, 152, 948: 367-186, 1960.
  • 40. Sadun E. H.: Relation of the gonadal hormones to the natural resistance of chickens and to the growth of the nematode Ascaridia galli. - J. Parasitol., 34, Suppl.: 18, 1948.
  • 41. Sadun E. H.: Gonadal hormon es in experimental Ascaridia galli infection in chickens. - Exptl. Parasitol., 1: 70-82, 1951.
  • 42. Silverman P. H., Maneely R. B.: Studies on the biology of some tapeworms of the genus Taenia. III. The role of secreting gland of the hexacanth embryo in the penetration of the intestinal mucosa of the intermediate host, and some of its histochemical reactions. - Ann. Trop. Med. Parasi tol., 49: 260-330, 1955.
  • 43. Stirewalt M. A., Evans A. S.: Demonstration of an enzymatic factor in cercariae of Schistosoma m.ansoni by the streptococcal decapsulation test. J. Infect Dis., 91, 2: 191-197, 1952.
  • 44. Tempelis C. H., Lysenko M. G.: The production of hyaluronidase by Balantidium coli. - Exptl. Parasitol., 6, 1: 31-36, 1957.
  • 45. Thorson R. E.: Studies on the mechanism of immunity in the rat to the nematode, Nippostrongylus muris. - Am. J. Hyg., 58: 1-15, 1953.
  • 46. Thorson R. E.: Proteolytic activity in extracts of the esophagus of adults of Ancylostoma caninum and the effect of immune serum on the activity. - J. Parasitol., 42: 21-25, 1956.
  • 47. Timms A R.: Schistosoma enzymes. - In „Host influence on Parasite Physiology". Ed. L. A Stauber, Rutgers Univ. Press, 1960, 41-49.
  • 48. Torpy D. C., Maegreith B. G.: Entamoeba histolytica lesions in guinea-pig caecum. - Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 51: 1, 1957.
  • 49. Townshend R. H.: Failure of an attempt to demonstrate hyaluronidase production by Entamoeba histolytica. - Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 42: 314, 1949.
  • 50. Waterhouse D. F., Irzykiewicz H.: An examination of proteolytic enzymes from several insects for collagenase activity. - J. Insect. Physlol., 1: 18-22, 1957.
  • 51. Whitlock S. C.: An apparent case of sexual difference in resistance to parasitic infection. - J. Parasitol., 23: 426, 1937.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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