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2016 | 15 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Physical, chemical, sensorial and bioactive characteristics of local and standard pear cultivars in Turkey

Warianty tytułu
PL
Fizyczne, chemiczne, sensoryczne i bioaktywne cechy lokalnych i standardowych odmian gruszy w Turcji
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Some important physical (fruit external color, flesh firmness, fruit size, fruit weight, fruit volume, stone cell), chemical (ash, pH, soluble solid content, sugars, titratable acidity), sensorial (appearance, firmness, sweetness, grittiness, juiciness and overall quality) and bioactive (antioxidant capacity, phenolic compounds, total phenolic content, vitamin C) characteristics of eleven local and one standard pear cultivar were investigated. All cultivars were found in national pear repository in Ataturk Horticultural Central Research Institute in Turkey. Fruit weight of pears was between 56.80 g (‘Kirmizi Biber’) and 128.94 g (‘Erkenci Uzun Sap’). Results showed that ‘Bağ’ cultivar had the highest sensorial scores (8.4 overall quality) and antioxidant capacity (21.44 mg ascorbic acid equivalent∙g-1). Stone cell were found between 63.65 (‘Gümüşhane’) and 81.65 mg dry weight∙g-1 (‘Maslovka’). The cultivar ‘Orak’ showed the highest chlorogenic acid (185.98 mg∙kg-1) and epicatechin (108.26 mg∙kg-1) content.
PL
Badano niektóre ważne cechy fizyczne (barwa zewnetrzna owoców, zwartość miąższu, masa owoców, rozmiar owoców, pestka), chemiczne (popiół, pH, zawartość rozpuszczalnych substancji stałych, cukry, kwasowość oznaczona), sensoryczne (wygląd, zwartość, słodkość, chropowatość, soczystość i ogólna jakość) oraz bioaktywne (zdolność antyoksydacyjna, związki fenolowe, całkowita zawartość związków fenolowych, witamina C) jedenastu lokalnych i jednej standardowej odmiany gruszy. Wszystkie odmiany pochodziły z krajowego repozytorium w Centralnym Ogrodniczym Instytucie Badawczym w Ataturk w Turcji. Masa owoców wynosiła od 56,80 g (‘Kirmizi Biber’) do 128,94 g (‘Erkenci Uzun Sap’). Na podstawie wyników badań wnioskuje się, że odmiana ‘Bağ’ miała najwyższe noty sensoryczne (ogólna jakość 8,4) i zdolność antyoksydacyjną (21,44 mg ekwiwalent kwasu askorbinowego∙g-1). Sucha masa pestki wynosiła 63,65 (‘Gümüşhane’) i 81.65 mg∙g-1 (‘Maslovka’). Odmiana ‘Orak’ wykazała największą zawartość kwasu chlorogenowego (185,98 mg∙kg-1) i epikatechiny (108,26 mg∙kg-1).
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.127-139,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Ataturk Central Horticultural Research Institute, Yalova, Turkey
autor
  • Ataturk Central Horticultural Research Institute, Yalova, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
autor
  • Food Control Laboratory, Tekirdag, Turkey
autor
  • Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
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Bibliografia
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