A review of selected natural phytochemicals in preventing and treating malignant skin neoplasms
Treść / Zawartość
Malignant skin neoplasms are one of the most common human malignancies. The incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancers and malignant melanoma is constantly increasing. The current therapies, especially for malignant melanoma, have relatively low success rates. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new remedies that are both safe and effective. Natural substances have always been an important source for the discovery of new therapies. In turn, a number of studies have indicated that some phytocheicals could have an anti-tumour effect. In vitro and in vivo testing of malignant skin neoplasm models revealed different anti-tumour actions, including antioxidation, carcinogen inactivation, anti-proliferation, cell cycle arrest, induction of apoptosis, inhibition of angiogenesis, or a combination of them. The aim of this paper is to describe anti-tumour compounds derived from natural sources that might be used in the therapy of malignant skin neoplasm. The phytochemicals discussed below include carotenoids, terpenoids and flavonoids.