PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2010 | 79 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Genetic diversity of Galium cracoviense, G. oelandicum and G. sudeticum (Rubiaceae)

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Galium sect. Leptogalium Lange in NE Europe is represented by few, local endemic species which occur in the area covered by the continental ice sheet in the Pleistocene period. They are: G. cracoviense Ehrend. in S Poland, G. oelandicum (Sterner & Hyl.) Ehrend. in SE Sweden and G. sudeticum Tausch in SW Poland and N Czech Republic. 55 individuals from five populations of these species were analysed using AFLP markers. A total of 193 AFLP bands were detected using three combinations of primers; out of them 159 proved polymorphic (82.4%). The lowest values of Shannon's index and Nei's gene diversity were noted for G. oelandicum and the highest ones for G. sudeticum. The results indicate a relatively high level of genetic variability in each of endemic species in spite of that the studied species occupy very small areas and are represented by a low number of populations. We conclude that additional, demographic and genetic studies are necessary to monitor potential decrease of populations' size resulting mainly from the mechanical destruction of plants and their habitats caused by intense tourism or other human activities (as agriculture, e.g. grazing).
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
79
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.269-275,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Krakow, Poland
autor
Bibliografia
  • AGUILAR R., QUESADA M., ASHWORTH L., HERRERIAS- DIEGO Y., LOBO J. 2008. Genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation in plant populations: susceptible signals in plant traits and methodological approaches. Mol. Ecol. 17: 5177-5188.
  • AVISE J.C. 2008. Markery molekularne w genetyce konserwatorskiej. In: Avise J.A., Markery molekularne, historia naturalna i ewolucja. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa, p. 463-515.
  • BER A. 2005. Polish Pleistocene stratigraphy. A review of interglacial stratotypes. Neth. J. Geosci. 84(2): 61-76.
  • BOTTINI M.C.J., DE BUSTOS A., JOUVE N., POGGIO L. 2002. AFLP characterization of natural populations of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Patagonia, Argentina. Plant Syst. Evol. 231: 133-142.
  • CIEŚLAK E., SZELĄG Z. 2009. Genetic diversity of Galium cracoviense Ehrend. (Rubiaceae) - the Polish endemic plant. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 78(2): 123-129.
  • CREMA S., CRISTOFOLINI G., ROSSI M., CONTE L. 2009. High genetic diversity detected in the endemic Primula apen- nina Widmer (Primulaceae) using ISSR fingerprinting. Plant. Syst. Evol. 280: 29-36.
  • EHRENDORFER F. 1960. Neufassung der Sektion Lepto-Galium Lange und Beschreibung neuer Arten und Kombinationen. Sitzungsberichten der Oesterr. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathem.-naturw. Kl., Abt. I, 169(9/10): 407-421.
  • EHRENDORFER F. 1962. Cytotaxonomische Beiträge zur Genese der mitteleuropäischen Flora und Vegetation. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 75: 137-152.
  • EHRENDORFER F. 1976. Galium L. In: Tutin T.G., Heywood V.H., Burges N.A., Moore D.M., Valentine D.H., Walters S.M., Webb D.A. (eds), Flora Europaea. Vol. IV. Cambridge, University Press, 14-36.
  • ELLIS J.R., PASHLEY C.H., BURKE J.M., CAULEY D.E.M. 2006. High genetic diversity in a rare and endangered sunflower as compared to a common congener. Mol. Ecol. 15: 2345-2355.
  • ELLSTRAND N.C., ELAM D.R. 1993. Population genetic consequences of small population size: implications for plant conservation. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 24: 217-242.
  • FALK D.A, HOLSINGER K.E. 1991. Genetics and conservation of rare plants. Oxford University Press, USA, pp. 304.
  • FRÖHNER S. 1990. Alchemilla L. In: Hegi, Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa. IV/2B. Paul Parey, Berlin & Hamburg, p. 13-242.
  • GAUDEUL M., TABERLET P., TILL-BOTTRAUD I. 2000. Genetic diversity in an endangered alpine plant, Eryngium alpinum L. (Apiaceae), inferred from amplified fragment length polymorphism markers. Mol. Ecol. 9(10): 1625-1637.
  • GITZENDANNER M.A., SOLTIS P.S. 2000. Pattern of genetic variation in rare and widespread plant congeners. Am. J. Bot. 87(6): 783-792.
  • GLOVER B.J., ABBOTT R.J. 1995. Low genetic diversity in the Scottish endemic Primula scotica Hook. New Phytol. 129: 147-153.
  • HOLDEREGGER R. 1997. Recent perspectives in conservation biology of rare plants. Bulletin of the Geobotanical Institute, ETH 63: 109-116.
  • HUANG Y., ZHANG CH., LI D. 2009. Low genetic diversity and high genetic differentiation in the critically endangered Omphalogramma souliei (Primulaceae): implications for its conservation. J. Syst. Evol. 47(2): 103-109.
  • KIM S.C., LEE C., SANTOS-GUERRA A. 2005. Genetic analysis and conservation of the endangered Canary Island woody sow-thistle, Sonchus gandogeri (Asteraceae). J. Plant Res. 118: 147-153.
  • KOVACH W.L. 1999. MVSP A multi-variate statistical package for Windows, ver. 3.1. Kovach computing Services, Penthraeth.
  • KRAHULCOVA A., STEPANKOVA J. 1998. Serpentine and polyploid differentiation within Galium pumilum agg. (Rubia- ceae) in Eastern C. Europe. Folia Geobot. 33: 87-102.
  • KUSS P., PLUESS A.R., ^GISDÖTTIR H.H., STÖCKLIN J. 2008. Spatial isolation and genetic differentiation in naturally fragmented plant populations of the Swiss Alps. J. Plant Ecol. 1: 149-159.
  • LANDE R. 1988. Genetics and demography in biological conservation. Science 241: 1455-1460.
  • LANG G. 1994. Quartäre Vegetationsgeschichte Europas. Methoden und Ergebnisse. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, New York.
  • LEWONTIN R.C. 1972. The apportionment of human diversity. Evol. Biol. 6: 381-398.
  • MANEN J.F., NATALIA., EHRENDORFER F. 1994. Phylogeny of Rubiaceae-Rubieae inferred from the sequence of a cpDNA intergene region. Pl. Syst. Evol. 190: 195-211.
  • MARKS L. 2005. Pleistocene glacial limits in the territory of Poland. Przegl. Geol. 53: 988-993.
  • MEUSEL H., JÄGER E., RAUSCHERT E. 1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Vol. 2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.
  • MEUSEL H., JÄGER E., WEINERT E. 1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Vol. 1. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.
  • NATALIA., MANEN J.F., EHRENDORFER F. 1995. Phylogeny of the Rubiaceae-Rubioideae, in particular the tribe Rubieae: evidence from a non-coding chloroplast DNA sequence. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 82: 428-439.
  • NEI M. 1978. Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89: 583-590.
  • NYBOM H. 2004. Comparison of different nuclear DNA markers for estimating intraspecific genetic diversity in plants. Mol. Ecol. 13: 1143-1155.
  • PIOTROWICZ M. 1958. Caryological studies in some species of the genus Galium L. Acta Biol. Cracov., Ser. Bot. 1: 159-169.
  • REISCH C. 2008. Glacial history of Saxifraga paniculata (Sax-ifragaceae): molecular biogeography of a disjunct arctic-alpine species from Europe and North America. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 93: 385-398.
  • REISCH C., POSCHLOD P. 2004. Clonal diversity and subpopulation structure in central European relict populations of Saxifraga paniculata Mill. (Saxifragaceae). Feddes Repert. 115: 239-247.
  • REISCH C., POSCHLOD P., WINGENDER R. 2003. Genetic variation of Saxifraga paniculata Mill. (Saxifragaceae): molecular evidence for glacial relict endemism in central Europe. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 80: 11-21.
  • SCHEMSKE D.W., HUSBAND B.C., RUCKELSHAUS M.H., GOODWIUIE C., PARKER I.M., BISHOP J.G. 1994. Evaluating approaches to the conservation of rare and endangered plants. Ecology 75: 584-606.
  • SCHNEIDER S., ROESSLI D., EXCOFFIER L. 2000. Arlequin ver. 2000: A software for population genetic data analysis. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory, University of Geneva. Geneva, Switzerland.
  • SZELĄG Z. 2000. A contribution to the flora of the Kraków- Częstochowa Upland (South Poland). Fragm. Flor. Geobot. Polonica 7: 93-103.
  • TORRES E., IRIONDO J.M., PÉREZ C. 2003. Genetic structure of an endangered plant, Antirrhinum microphyllum (Scrophu- lariaceae): allozyme and RAPD analysis. Am. J. Bot. 90: 85-92.
  • VOS P., HOGERS R., BLEEKER M., VAN DE LEE T., HORNES M., FREITERS A., POT J., PELEMAN J., KUIPER M., ZABEAU M. 1995. AFLP: a new technique for DNA fingerprinting. Nucleic Acid Res. 23: 4407-4414.
  • WYSK R., NORDENSTAM B., KADEREIT J.W., WESTBERG E. 2009. The identity and geographical distribution of Jacobaea vulgaris subsp. gotlandica, supposedly endemic to Gotland and Öland (Sweden) - the importance of multiple intraspecific samples. Taxon 58(4): 1133-1140.
  • YOUNG A., BOYLE T., BROWN T. 1996. The population genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation for plants. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11(10): 413-418.
  • ZAJĄC A., ZAJĄC M. 2001. Distribution Atlas of vascular plants in Poland. Laboratory of Computer Chorology, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Cracow.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-0a858293-d75b-459c-91b4-3397c2249d36
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.