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2015 | 07 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Efficiency of the training process in dance sport athletes at the comprehensive stage of training

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: The research aimed to determine motor skills that significantly affect the level of technical preparation in dancesport at the early stage of training. The applicable purpose was to determine the selection indicators in dancesport at the stage of initial training. Material/Methods: The study involved 50 dancesport contestants aged 6-9 years. The tests were carried out 3 times, at the beginning, after a year and after two years of training. Motor skills were assessed by means of: the Starosta’s test, a stabilographic platform, the IPTF trial, a trial testing the frequency of moves, a measurement of explosive strength of the lower limbs, ergometric measuring equipment “Concept 2 Dyno”, a test of simple reaction speed and of anticipation in space. Special fitness was determined on the basis of results of special fitness tests and standard anthropometric measurements were made by means of Martin’s method. A factor analysis was made of all the measurements; the correlation matrix was calculated with probability at p ≤ 0.05. Independent variables were confronted with the special fitness test results presented by the studied dancers. The multiple regression method was used, and for analysis the special fitness test result of 3 dance tournaments immediately after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd stage of laboratory tests and the results of these tests were taken. Results: The result of the special fitness test at the 1st stage of research is explained by multiple regression with independent variables in 66%, at the 2nd stage of research in 87%, and at the 3rd stage of research in 81%. The highest level of regression was reported at the 1st stage of research for the variable both legs coordination and at the 3rd stage of research for the variables balance and chené turns. Conclusions: 1. At the early stage of practicing dancesport, the greatest impact on the special fitness is exerted by: motor coordination, balance, flexibility, speed and strength skills, the body height and mass, the pelvis, torso, and chest indicators, and BMI. 2. The tests and indices applied in the research best reflect the specificity of dancesport and they can be recommended in the selection process for this sport discipline.
Słowa kluczowe
Twórcy
autor
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
autor
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
autor
  • Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Gdansk,Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] Fostiak D. Koordynacja ruchowa i jej znaczenie w procesie treningowym w opinii zawodnikow i trenerow sportowego tanca towarzyskiego [Motor coordination and its importance in the training process in the opinion of ballroom dancers and coaches]. Rocznik Naukowy AWF Gdansk. 1996;5:43-52. Polish.
  • [2] Burns AR, Gaines Ch. Sport selection. New York. (1984)
  • [3] Zaporozanow W, Sozanski H. Dobor i kwalifikacja do sportu [Selection and qualification for sport]. Warszawa; 1997, 7-65. Polish.
  • [4] Starosta W. Nowy sposob pomiaru i oceny koordynacji ruchowej [A new way of measuring and evaluat-ing motor coordination]. Monografie nr 96, AWF Poznan, 1978; 365-371. Polish.
  • [5] Drabik J. Testowanie sprawnosci fizycznej u dzieci, młodziezy i doroslych [Testing physical fitness in children, adolescents and adults]. Gdansk: AWF; 1997. Polish.
  • [6] Rokita M, Bajdzinski M. Podstawy teorii treningu motorycznego w sportowym tancu towarzyskim [Bases of the theory of motor training in ballroom dance]. Gorzow Wielkopolski – Krakow: PTT; 2006. Polish.
  • [7] Dancewicz T, Kruczkowski D. Budowa somatyczna jako determinanta tempa uczenia się wybranych cwiczen gimnastycznych [Somatic composition as a determinant of the pace of learning specific gymnastic exercises]. Trening. 1999;4(44):26-32. Polish.
  • [8] Poznanska A, Banachiewicz D. Sprawnosc fizyczna dzieci trenujacych taniec towarzyski w krakowskich klubach tanecznych [Physical fitness of children practising ballroom dance in Krakow dance clubs]. In: Umiastowska D, editor. Aktywnosc ruchowa ludzi w roznym wieku [Physical activity of people at different ages]. Vol. 10, part 2. Szczecin, 2006. Polish.
  • [9] Miletic D, Sekulic D, Wolf-Cvitak J. The leaping performance of 7 year-old novice rhythmics gymnasts is highly influenced by the condition of their motor abilities. Kinesiology. 2004;36 (1):35-43.
  • [10] Nowak M. Wplyw zajec tanecznych na sprawnosc motoryczna dziewczat w wieku 9-11 lat [The influence of dance classes on the motor efficiency of girls aged 9-11 years]. Lider. 1994;1(36):24-26. Polish.
  • [11] Starosta W, Karpinska A. Ocena poziomu wybranych elementow koordynacji ruchowej u osob zajmujących się tancem wspolczesnym [An evaluation of the level of selected elements of motor coordination in people involved in contemporary dance]. In: Drozdowski S, Wojtkowiak T, editors. Wychowanie fizyczne i sport w badaniach naukowych [Physical education and sport in scientific research]. Poznań: AWF; 2002; 189-194. Polish.
  • [12] Pilewska W, Sawczyn S. Normatywny poziom specjalnych zdolnosci koordynacyjnych zawodnikow sportowego tanca towarzyskiego jako podstawa ich indywidualnej oceny [The normative level of special coordination skills in ballroom dancesport competitors as the basis of their individual assessment]. Rocznik Naukowy AWFiS Gdansk. 2002;12:283-291. Polish.
  • [13] Pilewska W. Sprawnosc fizyczna i cechy budowy somatycznej jako podstawa modelowych charakterystyk zawodniczek i zawodnikow w tancu sportowym [Physical fitness and somatic composition characteristics as a basis for model characteristics of male and female dancesport competitors]. PhD Disser-tation, AWFiS Gdansk; 2003. Polish.
  • [14] Starosta W, Karpinska A. Uwarunkowania rozwoju koordynacji ruchowej w tancu na podstawie wynikow badan uczennic szkol baletowych [Determinants of the development of motor coordination in dance based on studies of ballet school students]. Warszawa: Miedzynarodowe Stowarzyszenie Motoryki Sportowej, Poznan: AWF, Gorzow Wlkp: Zamiejscowy Wydział Kultury Fizycznej w Gorzowie; 2009. Polish.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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