Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 21 | 6 |
Tytuł artykułu

Influence of row covers on heavy metal accumulation in chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis rupr.)

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The aim of our research was to show the impact of covering Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis Rupr.), cultivated in Southern Poland in field conditions, with non-woven fleece, on the accumulation of chosen heavy metals in plants. The heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Mn, Zn) were analyzed in young plants immediately after removing the covers, and in the mature cabbages during harvest. The levels of trace elements in the external and the internal leaves of the cabbage head were also compared. After removing the covers, the lower levels of heavy metals were observed in covered Chinese cabbages in comparison to the control plants grown in an open field. In turn, during harvesting, much higher levels of heavy metals were found in plants covered with fleece, except Mn and Zn, where accumulation did not depend on the method of cultivation. The content of Cd, Pb, and Mn turned out to be much higher in the external leaves in comparison to the internal leaves. However, the internal leaves accumulated statistically much more copper and zinc in comparison to the external leaves of the plants.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
  • 1. MERMIER M., REYD G., SIMON J.C., BOULARD T. The microclimate under Agryl P17 for growing lettuce. Plasticulture 107, (3), 4, 1995.
  • 2. OTTO R.F., GIMENEZ C. Evapotranspiration and dry matter production of horticultural crops under cover. Acta Hortic. 516, 23, 2000.
  • 3. MORENO D.A., VILLORA G., SORIANO M.T., CASTILLA N., ROMERO L. Sulfur, chromium, and selenium accumulated in Chinese cabbage under direct covers. J. Environ. Manage. 74, 89, 2005.
  • 4. SIWEK P. Vegetable crops under foil and fleece; Hortpress Sp. z o.o.: Warszawa, 2004 [In Polish].
  • 5. GIMENEZ C., OTTO R.F., CASTILLA N. Productivity of leaf and root vegetable crops under direct cover. Sci. Hortic. 94, 1, 2002.
  • 6. KALISZ A., CEBULA S. Effect of plastic covers and a variety on earliness and yield of Chinese cabbage grown in spring. Zesz. Nauk. ATR Bydgoszcz, Rolnictwo, 42, (215), 95, 1998 [In Polish].
  • 7. BIESIADA A. Effect of flat covers and plant density on yielding and quality of kohlrabi. J. Elementol. 13, (2), 167, 2008.
  • 8. MORENO D.A., LOPEZ-LEFEBRE L.R., VILLORA G., RUIZ J.M., ROMERO L. Floating row covers affect Pb and Cd accumulation and antioxidant status in Chinese cabbage. Sci. Hortic. 89, 83, 2001.
  • 9. CARA F., MORENO D.A., VILLORA G., EL GHARBAOUI A., RUIZ J.M., ROMERO L. Metabolic activity of Chinese cabbage as influenced by growth conditions under direct covers. Comunicaciones IX Simposio Ibérico sobre Nutrición Mineral de las Plantas, Zaragoza, pp. 79-82, 2002.
  • 10. MORENO D.A., VILLORA G., HERNÁNDEZ J., CASTILLA N., ROMERO L. Accumulation of Zn, Cd, Cu, and Pb in Chinese cabbage as influenced by climatic conditions under protected cultivation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50, 1964, 2002.
  • 11. MORENO D.A., VÍLLORA G., HERNANDEZ J., CASTILLA N., ROMERO L. Yield and chemical composition of Chinese cabbage in relation to thermal regime as influenced by row covers. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 127, (3), 343, 2002.
  • 12. FELCZYŃSKI K. Effect of fleece covering on the yield of Chinese cabbage grown in spring. Proc. Conf. “Science for Horticultural Practice,” Lublin, pp. 625-628, 1995 [In Polish].
  • 13. KABATA-PENDIAS A., PENDIAS H. Biogeochemistry of trace elements; PWN: Warszawa, 1993 [In Polish].
  • 14. DUBE A., ZBYTNIEWSKI R., KOWALKOWSKI T., CUKROWSKA E., BUSZEWSKI B. Adsorption and migration of heavy metals in soil. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 10, (1), 1, 2001.
  • 15. NICHOLSON F.A., SMITH S.R., ALLOWAY B.J., CARLTON-SMITH C., CHAMBERS B.J. An inventory of heavy metals inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales. Sci. Total Environ. 311, 205, 2003.
  • 16. NAGAJYOTI P.C., LEE K.D., SREEKANTH T.V.M. Heavy metals, occurrence and toxicity for plants: a review. Environ. Chem. Lett. 8, 199, 2010.
  • 17. DALENBERG J.W., DRIEL W. Contribution of atmospheric deposition to heavy-metal concentrations in field crops. Neth. J. Agric. Sci. 38, 369, 1990.
  • 18. KRÓLAK E. Heavy metals in falling dust in Eastern Mazowieckie Province. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 9, (6), 517, 2000.
  • 19. SZYCZEWSKI P., SIEPAK J., NIEDZIELSKI P., SOBCZYŃSKI T. Research on heavy metals in Poland. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 18, (5), 755, 2009.
  • 20. UZU G., SOBANSKA S., SARRET G., MUNOZ M., DUMAT C. Foliar lead uptake by lettuce expose to atmospheric fallouts. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, (3), 1036, 2010.
  • 21. GUTTORMSEN G. Cadmium and lead levels in Norwegian vegetables. Norweg. J. Agr. Sci. 4, 95, 1990.
  • 22. ZHENXIAN Z., DEWAN Z., SHUHUA L. Study on law of absorption and distribution of mineral nutrient elements in Chinese cabbage. Acta Hort. Sinica 20, (2), 150, 1993 [In Chinese].
  • 23. XIONG Z.-T. Lead uptake and effects on seed germination and plant growth in a Pb hyperaccumulator Brassica pekinensis Rupr. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 60, 285, 1998.
  • 24. SĘKARA A., PONIEDZIAŁEK M., CIURA J., JĘDRSZCZYK E. Cadmium and lead accumulation and distribution in the organs of nine crops: implications for phytoremediation. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 14, (4), 509, 2005.
  • 25. LIBIK A., SIWEK P. Effect of plastic covers to limit the access of dust and the uptake of cadmium and lead by lettuce grown in the area of environmentally hazardous. Proc. Conf. “For Better Quality of Horticultural Products,” Kraków, pp. 35-37, 1993 [In Polish].
  • 26. GRANT C.A., BUCKLEY W.T., BAILEY L.D., SELLES F. Cadmium accumulation in crops. Can. J. Plant Sci. 78, 1, 1998.
  • 27. MORENO D.A., VILLORA G., RUIZ J.M., ROMERO L. Growth conditions, elemental accumulation and induced physiological changes in Chinese cabbage. Chemosphere 52, 1031, 2003.
  • 28. OSTROWSKA A., GAWLINSKI S., SZCZUBIALKA Z. The methods of analysis and estimation of soils and plants properties; Instytut Ochrony Środowiska: Warszawa, 1991 [In Polish].
  • 29. OTTO R.F., GIMENEZ C., CASTILLA N. Microclimatic modifications under polypropylene protection for horticultural crops in Cordoba, Spain. Hortic. Bras. (Brasilia) 18, (3), 204, 2000 [In Portuguese].
  • 30. PULGAR G., MORENO D.A., VÍLLORA G., HERNÁNDEZ J., CASTILLA N., ROMERO L. Production and composition of Chinese cabbage under plastic row covers in southern Spain. J. Hortic. Sci. Biotech. 76, (5), 608, 2001.
  • 31. HERNANDEZ J., SORIANO T., MORALES M.I., CASTILLA N. Row covers for quality improvement of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. Pekinensis). New Zeal. J. Crop Hort. Sci. 32, 379, 2004.
  • 32. CURZYDŁO J. Do plastic tunnels protect vegetables from contamination with heavy metals? Proc. Conf. “Effect of Huta im. Tadeusz Sendzimir on the Natural and Agricultural Environment,” Kraków, pp. 67-70, 1991 [In Polish].
  • 33. LEE T.J., LUITEL B.P., KANG W.H. Growth and physiological response to manganese toxicity in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. campestris). Hort. Environ. Biotechnol. 52, (3), 252, 2001.
  • 34. DAS P., SAMANTARAY S., ROUT G.R. Studies on cadmium toxicity in plants: a review. Environ. Poll. 98, (1), 29, 1997.
  • 35. COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No. 466/2001 of 8 March 2001 setting maximum levels of certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Off. J. Eur. Comm. L77/1, 1, 2001.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.