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2012 | 21 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Nutritive evaluation of foliage from fodder trees and shrubs characteristic of Algerian arid and semi-arid areas

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The chemical composition and digestibility of foliage from nine browse plant species (Artemisia herba-alba, Atriplex halimus, Acacia nilotica, Acacia horrida, Acacia saligna, Faidherbia albida, Albizia julibrissin, Vicia faba and Punica granatum) grown in arid and semi-arid areas of Algeria were evaluated. Feed components were determined by proximate analysis, whereas phenolic and tannin compounds were analysed by colorimetric procedures and their activity tested using a biological assay. Digestibility was assessed by conventional gravimetric in vitro and in situ methods, and rumen fermentation kinetics were estimated from the in vitro gas production technique. The foliage from Acacia species was found to be a protein-rich fodder for ruminants, although the high lignin and tannin content of some species is an important constraint limiting its digestive utilization in the gastrointestinal tract. The leguminous fodder tree, A. julibrissin, has a high protein content and its foliage is highly digestible owing to its low tannin content. Foliage from P. granatum is a highly digestible browse for ruminants.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.521-536,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Animal Production, Instituto de Ganadería de Montana, University of Leon (CSIC-ULE), E-24071 Leon, Spain
  • Department of Applied Microbiology, University Mentouri of Constantine, BP 360, route de Ain El-Bey, Algeria
autor
  • Department of Animal Production, Instituto de Ganadería de Montana, University of Leon (CSIC-ULE), E-24071 Leon, Spain
  • Department of Animal Production, Instituto de Ganadería de Montana, University of Leon (CSIC-ULE), E-24071 Leon, Spain
  • Department of Applied Microbiology, University Mentouri of Constantine, BP 360, route de Ain El-Bey, Algeria
  • Department of Applied Microbiology, University Mentouri of Constantine, BP 360, route de Ain El-Bey, Algeria
autor
  • Department of Animal Production, Instituto de Ganadería de Montana, University of Leon (CSIC-ULE), E-24071 Leon, Spain
Bibliografia
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  • Aidoud A., 1994. Pâturage et désertification des steppes arides en Algérie. Cas de la steppe d’alfa (Stipa tenacissima L.). Paralelo 37° 16, 33-42
  • Alam M.R., Amin M.R., Kabir A.K.M.A., Moniruzzaman M., McNeill D.M., 2007. Effect of tannin in Acacia nilotica, Albizia procera and Sesbania acculeata foliage determined in vitro, in sacco and in vivo. Asian-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 20, 220-228
  • Al-Soqeer A.A., 2008. Nutritive value assessment of Acacia species using their chemical analyses and in vitro gas production technique. Res. J. Agr. Biol. Sci. 4, 688-694.
  • Ammar H., López S., Bochi O., Garcia R., Ranilla M.J., 1999. Composition and in vitro digestibility of leaves and stems of grasses and legumes harvested from permanent mountain meadows at different maturity stages. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 8, 599-610
  • Ammar H., López S., González J.S., Ranilla M.J., 2004. Comparison between analytical methods and biological assays for the assessment of tannin-related antinutritive effects in some Spanish browse species. J. Sci. Food Agr. 84, 1349-1356
  • AOAC, 2000. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Edition. Washington, DC
  • Barry T.N., McNabb W.C., 1999. The implications of condensed tannins on the nutritive value of temperate forages fed to ruminants. Brit. J. Nutr. 81, 263-272
  • Ben Salem H., Nefzaoui A., Abdouli H., 1994. Palatability of shrubs and fodder trees measured on sheep and dromedaries. 1. Methodological approach. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 46, 143-153
  • Ben Salem H., Nefzaoui A., Ben Salem L., Tisserand J.L., 1997. Effect of Acacia cyanophylla Lindl. foliage supply on intake and digestion by sheep fed lucerne hay-based diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 68, 101-113
  • Ben Salem H., Norman H.C., Nefzaoui A., Mayberry D.E., Pearce K.L., Revell D.K., 2010. Potential use of oldman saltbush (Atriplex nummularia Lindl.) in sheep and goat feeding. Small Ruminant Res. 91, 13-28
  • Dube J.S., Reed J.D., Ndlovu L.R., 2001. Proanthocyanidins and other phenolics in Acacia leaves of Southern Africa. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 91, 59-67
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  • France J., Dijkstra J., Dhanoa M.S., López S., Bannink A., 2000. Estimating the extent of degradation of ruminant feeds from a description of their gas production profiles observed in vitro: derivation of models and other mathematical considerations. Brit. J. Nutr. 83,143-150
  • Le Houerou H.N., 1989. An assessment of the economic feasibility of fodder shrubs plantations (with particular reference to Africa). In: C.M. McKell (Editor). The Biology and Utilization of Shrubs. Academic Press. London, pp. 603-629
  • Le Houerou H.N., 1992. An overview of vegetation and land degradation in world arid lands. In: H.E. Dregne (Editor). Degradation and Restoration of Arid Lands. International Center for Arid and Semi-Arid Land Studies. Texas Technical University. Lubbock, TX, pp. 127-163
  • López S., 2005. In vitro and in situ techniques for estimating digestibility. In: J. Dijkstra, J.M. Forbes, J. France (Editors). Quantitative Aspects of Ruminant Digestion and Metabolism. 2nd Edition. CAB International. Wallingford, pp. 87-121
  • López S., France J., Dhanoa M.S., Mould F., Dijkstra J., 1999. Comparison of mathematical models to describe disappearance curves obtained using the polyester bag technique for incubating feeds in the rumen. J. Anim. Sci. 77, 1875-1888
  • Makkar H.P.S., 2003. Quantification of Tannins in Tree and Shrub Foliage. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht (The Netherlands)
  • Makkar H.P.S., Francis G., Becker K., 2007. Bioactivity of phytochemicals in some lesser-known plants and their effects and potential applications in livestock and aquaculture production systems. Animal 1, 1371-1391
  • Mlambo V., Mould F.L., Smith T., Owen E., Sikosana J.L.N., Mueller-Harvey I., 2009. In vitro biological activity of tannins from Acacia and other tree fruits: Correlations with colorimetric and gravimetric phenolic assays. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 39, 131-143
  • Osuga I.M., Maindi C.N., Abdulrazak S.A., Nishino N., Ichinohe T., Fujihara T., 2007. Potential nutritive value and tannin bioassay of selected Acacia species from Kenya. J. Sci. Food. Agr. 87, 1533-1538
  • Osuji P.O., Odenyo A.A., 1997. The role of legume forages as supplements to low quality roughagesILRI experience. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 69, 27-38
  • Rubanza C.D.K., Shem M.N., Otsyina R., Bakengesa S.S., Ichinohe T., Fujihara T., 2005. Polyphenolics and tannins effect on in vitro digestibility of selected Acacia species leaves. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 119, 129-142
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  • Theodorou M.K., Williams B.A., Dhanoa M.S., McAllan A.B., France J., 1994. A simple gas production method using a pressure transducer to determine the fermentation kinetics of ruminant feeds. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 48, 185-197
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-09511dfa-bb25-4ab6-a63d-a12b9ddac244
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