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2017 | 67 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Content of TDF, SDF and IDF in cereals grown by organic and conventional farming – a short report

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The objectives of this article were to determine the content of total dietary fibre (TDF) as well as of its fractions – soluble dietary fibre (SDF) and insoluble dietary fibre (IDF) of different cereals grown by conventional and organic farming in Macedonia, as well as to fi nd out the influence of the cereal type and farming method on their values. Standardized enzymatic-gravimetric method (Megazyme Total Dietary Fiber Kit) was used for determination of soluble, insoluble, and total dietary fiber in 27 different cereal samples of wheat, rye, barley, oat, and millet, which were grown at three locations. The content of TDF, IDF and SDF was influenced by both cereal type and farming type. The organically grown cereals, primarily oat and barley, have shown higher values of TDF and of its fractions than the conventionally grown cereals. Their values (% db) for oat and barley for TDF were 42.00±1.39 and 21.91±2.01, for IDF 39.22±0.58 and 15.06±1.84 and for SDF 2.78±1.25 and 6.85±3.85, respectively. Barley grown by either organic or in conversion farming method proved to have the highest value of SDF content among the other cereals investigated, whereas oat produced by organic farming method exhibited the highest values of TDF and ISF content. The organic farming method proved to have a good perspective in cereal processing and technology, food market and nutrition.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
67
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.241-244,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Animal Science, bul. Ilinden 92a, Ss.Cyril and Methodius University, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
autor
  • Institute of Animal Science, Ss.Cyril and Methodius University, bul. Ilinden 92a, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
  • Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences, University St. Klement of Ohrid, ul. Petre Prlickov 42, 1400 Veles, Macedonia
  • Institute of Animal Science, bul. Ilinden 92a, Ss.Cyril and Methodius University, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
autor
  • Faculty of Agriculture, Kosovska Mitrovica, Lesak, University of Prishtina, Kopaonicka bb. 38219 Lesak, Kosovo and Metohia, Serbia
autor
  • Institute of Animal Science, bul. Ilinden 92a, Ss.Cyril and Methodius University, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
  • Institute of Agriculture, Ss.Cyril and Methodius University, ul. 16-ta Makedonska Brigada 3a, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
Bibliografia
  • 1. AACC International Methods 32–05.01, 32–07.01, 32–28.01, 32–31.01, 32–32.01, 32–33.01, 32–40.01, 32–41.01, and 32–45.01. AACC International Approved Methods of Analysis, 11th Ed., 2009, AACC International PRESS, St. Paul, MN, U.S.A.
  • 2. AOAC International Official Methods 985.29, 991.42, 991.43, 999.03, 993.19, 997.08, 999.03, 2000.11, 2001.02, 2001.03, 2002.02, and 2009.01. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, 18th Ed., 2005, Horwitz, W., ed. AOAC International, Gaithersberg, MD, U.S.A.
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  • 10. FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, Secretariat of the CODEX Alimentarius Commission: CODEX Alimentarius (CODEX) Guidelines on Nutrition Labeling CAC/GL 2–1985 as Last Amended 2010. Rome: FAO, 2010.
  • 11. Jones J.M., Dietary fiber future directions: integrating new definitions and findings to inform nutrition research and communication. Adv. Nutr., 2013, 4, 8–15.
  • 12. Kristensen M., Jensen M.G., Dietary fibres in the regulation of appetite and food intake. Importance of viscosity. Appetite, 2011, 56, 65–70.
  • 13. Kowieska A., Lubowicki R., Jaskowska I., Chemical composition and nutritional characteristics of several cereal grain. Acta Sci. Pol., Zootechnica 2011, 10, 37–50.
  • 14. Law of organic agricultural production, Official paper of RM No.146/2009. Available from: [http://www.mzsv.gov.mk/files/ Zakon_za_organsko_zemjodelsko_proizvodstvo.pdf] (in Macedonian).
  • 15. Lee S.C., Prosky L., DeVries J.W., Determination of total, soluble and insoluble dietary fiber in food-enzymatic-gravimetric method MES-TRIS buffer: Collaborative Study. J. Anal. Chem., 1992, 75, 395–416.
  • 16. Macedonian Soil Information System, 2015. [http://www. maksoil.ukim.mk/masis/] (in Macedonian).
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  • 18. Menkovska M., Levkov V., Gjorgovska N., Nikolova N., Pacinovski N., Stanoev V., Nikolovski M., Quality properties of cereal crop in relation with organic versus conventional farming. MJAS, 2014, 4, 23–26.
  • 19. Morgan K., Murdoch J., Organic vs. conventional agriculture: knowledge, power and innovation in the food chain. Geoforum, 2000, 31, 159–173.
  • 20. Nyman M., Siljeström M., Pedersen B., Bach Knudsen K.E., Asp N.G, Johannsons C.G.. Eggum B.O., Dietary fiber content and composition in six cereals at different extraction rates. Cereal Chem., 1984, 61, 14–19
  • 21. Prosky L., Asp N.G., Schweizer T.F., DeVries J.W., Furda I., Determination of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber in foods and food products: Collaborative study. J. AOAC, 1992, 75, 360–367.
  • 22. Ragaee S., Abdel-Aal E.M., Noaman M., Antioxidant activity and nutrient composition of selected cereals for food use. Food Chem., 2006, 98, 32–38. 23. Salomonsson A.C., Theander O., Aman P., Composition of normal and high-lysine barley. Swedish J. Agric. Res., 1980, 10, 11–16
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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