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2016 | 15 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Morpho-pomological diversity of Turkish pear (Pyrus communis L.) accessions in eastern mediterranean region of Turkey

Warianty tytułu
Morfologiczna i pomologiczna różnorodność tureckich odmian gruszy (Pyrus communis L.) we wschodnim śródziemnomorskim rejonie Turcji
Języki publikacji
Conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources is important to meet the demand for future food security. This study was conducted on twenty-five native pear accessions sampled from Hatay, province, in eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey. In these accessions, ripening time, productivity, and some important pomological traits were determined such as fruit weight, fruit sizes, total soluble solids contents, pH, and acidity. The grittiness, flavor, and juiciness were also measured as sensory analysis. These results showed that the earliest ripening among the all studied accessions were ‘Biçin 1’ and ‘Biçin 2’ (June 25 in 2009 and June 23 in 2010), while the latest accessions were ‘Dağarmudu 1’ and ‘Dağarmudu 2’ (November 8 in 2009 and November 5 in 2010). In pear accessions, productivity was identified as medium and high. The fruit weight of pear accessions were ranged between 28.29 and 160.02 g, seed numbers were ranged between 0.56 and 10.00, total soluble solid contents were ranged between 10.00 and 18.50%. In pear accessions, 15 instead of all 21 of morpho-pomological fruit properties were able to explain 85.0% of the total variation. As a result, some pear accessions may be recommended for both pear cultivation and the breeding studies in terms of earliness and flavor.
Ochrona i zrównoważone użycie genetycznych zasobów roślin są ważne, ponieważ zagwarantują bezpieczeństwo żywności w przyszłości. Niniejsze badanie przeprowadzono na dwudziestu pięciu odmianach z Hatay, prowincji we wschodnim śródziemnomorskim rejonie Turcji. Określono czas dojrzewania, wydajność oraz pewne ważne cechy pomologiczne, takie jak masę owoców, rozmiar owoców, całkowitą zawartość rozpuszczalnych związków stałych, pH oraz kwasowość. Zmierzono także chropowatość, zapach i soczystość w ramach analizy sensorycznej. Najwcześniej dojrzewały ‘Biçin 1’ i ‘Biçin 2’ (25 czerwca w 2009 i 23 czerwca w 2010), natomiast najpóźniej ‘Dağarmudu 1’ i ‘Dağarmudu 2’ (8 listopada w 2009 i 5 listopada w 2010). Wydajność określono jako średnią i wysoką. Masa owoców wahała się między 28,29 a 160,02 g, liczba nasion między 0,56 a 10,00, zawartość rozpuszczalnych związków stałych między 10,00 a 18,50%. U odmian gruszy, 15 zamiast wszystkich 21 cech morfo-pomologicznych owoców może wyjaśnić 85% całkowitej zmienności. W rezultacie, niektóre odmiany gruszy mogą być rekomendowane do hodowli i do badań hodowlanych w kategoriach wczesności i aromatu.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University, 31034, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
  • Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
  • Timur Karabal Vocational School, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
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