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2014 | 23 | 6 |
Tytuł artykułu

Chromium quantification in a leather tanning industrial area using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
We report the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for determination of soil contamination due to effluents from the leather tanning industry in Kasur district of Punjab in Pakistan. The quantitative analysis was performed by making a calibration curve for Cr using LIBS spectral line at 427.48 nm. Chromium concentration of 839 mg·kg-1 in the vicinity of an effluent drain and 1,829 mg·kg-1 in the area of an old stagnant pool was found. The leaching of Cr due to seepage of industrial effluents from deteriorating bricklined drains in horizontal direction also was observed.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
23
Numer
6
Opis fizyczny
p.2333-2337,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad (38000), Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad (38000), Pakistan
autor
  • Laser Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (38040), Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad (38040), Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (63100), Pakistan
autor
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad (38000), Pakistan
Bibliografia
  • 1. BELAY A. A. Impacts of Chromium from Tannery Effluent and Evaluation of Alternative Treatment Options. Journal of Environmental Protection. 1, 53, 2010.
  • 2. MUBIN S., GUL S., KHOKHAR M. I. A., ASHRAF M. Statistical Solution for the Industrial Waste Problem. Journal of Drainage and Water management. 6, (2), 55, 2002.
  • 3. KHAN M. A., WAJID A., NOOR S., KHATTAK F. K., AKHTAR S., UR REHMAN I. Effect of soil contamintion on some heavy metals content of Cannabis sativa. J. Chem. Soc. Pakistan. 30, (6), 805, 2008.
  • 4. TIMOTHEY O. E. In situ treatment of soil and groundwater contaminated with Chromium: Technical Resource Guide. 2000.
  • 5. KREJPCIO Z. Essentiality of Chromium for human nutri­tion and health. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 10, (6), 399, 2001.
  • 6. EISLER R. Chromium hazards to fish, wildlife and inverte­brates: A synoptic Review. Laurel, MD 20708. 1986.
  • 7. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Small Entity Compliance Guide for the Hexavalent Chromium Standards. 2006.
  • 8. WYSZKOWSKA J. Soil Contamination by Chromium and Its Enzymatic Activity and Yielding. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 11, (1), 79, 2002.
  • 9. MALEK A., HACHEMI M., DIDIER V. New approach of depollution of solid chromium leather waste by the use of organic chelates: economical and environmental impacts. J. Hazard. Mater. 170, (1), 156, 2009.
  • 10. CREMERS D. A., RADZIEMSKI L. J. Handbook of Breakdown Spectroscopy. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2006.
  • 11. SINGH J. P., THAKUR S. N. (Eds). Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Elsevier B.V., 2007.
  • 12. RAI N. K., RAI A. K. LIBS-an efficient approach for the determination of Cr in industrial wastewater. J. Hazard. Mater. 150, (3), 835, 2008.
  • 13. RAI N. K., RAI A. K., KUMAR A., THAKUR S. N. Detection sensitivity of laser-induced breakdown spec- troscopy for Cr II in liquid samples. Appl. Optics. 47, (31), G105, 2008.
  • 14. National Institute of Standard and Technology. NIST data­base of Atomic Emission Spectra. [Online]. Available: http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/ASD. [Accessed: 05- Jun-2013].
  • 15. KHAN S. A., IBRAHIM M., JAMIL Y., ISLAM S., ABBAS F. Spectrochemical Analysis of Soil around Leather Tanning Industry Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Journal of Chemistry. 2013.
  • 16. ELHASSAN A., CRISTOFORETTI G., LEGNAIOLI S. LIBS calibration curves and determination of limits of detection (LOD) in single and double pulse configuration for quantitative LIBS analysis of bronzes, International Conference in Conservation Strategies for Saving Indoor Metallic Collections. Cairo, Egypt, pp. 72-77, 2007.
  • 17. RAHIM S. M. A., HASNAIN S., FARKHANDA J. Effect of calcium , magnesium, sodium and potassium on farm plantations of various agroeclogical zones of. African Journal of Plant Science. 5, (5), 450, 2011.
  • 18. SHANKER A. K., CERVANTES C., LOZA-TAVERA H., AVUDAINAYAGAM S. Chromium toxicity in plants. Environ. Int. 31, (5), 739, 2005.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-08a3ad0e-82c9-4003-ac58-e0549a70fd82
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