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Problems Nature 2000 sites

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In spite of widespread support from the population of most member countries for European Union policy, including support for sustainable development, in many EU countries, the levels of acceptance of new environmental protection programmes have been and, in particular in new member states, still are considerably low. The experience of the countries which were the first to implement union directives show that they cannot be effectively applied without widespread public participation. The goal of this study was, using the example of Poland, to assess public acceptance of the expansion of nature conservation in the context of sustainable development principles and to discover whether existing nature governance should be modified when establishing new protected areas. The increase in protected areas in Poland has become a hotbed of numerous conflicts. In spite of the generally favourable attitudes to Nature that Polish people have, Nature 2000 is perceived as an unnecessary additional conservation tool. Both local authorities and communities residing in the Natura areas think that the programme is a hindrance, rather than a help in the economic development of municipalities or regions, as was initially supposed. This lack of acceptance results from many factors, mainly social, historic and economic. The implications of these findings for current approach to Nature governance in Poland are discussed.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
03
Opis fizyczny
p.19-25,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, West Pomeranian University of Technology, 17 Slowackiego Str., 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
  • Faculty of Biology, University of Szczecin, 13 Waska Street, 71-415 Szczecin, Poland
autor
  • Environment and Health Research Laboratory, Board of Marine Ports of Szczecin and Swinoujscie S.A., 7 Bytomska Street, 70-603 Szczecin, Poland
  • Faculty of Biology, University of Szczecin, 13 Waska Street, 71-415 Szczecin, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] Alphandèry, P. & A. Fortier, 2001. Can a territorial policy be based on science alone? The system for creating the Natura 2000 Network in France. Sociologia Ruralis, Vol 41(3). European Society for Rural Sociology: 311- 328.
  • [2] Babbitt E., P. Gutlove & L. Jones, 1994. Handbook of basic conflict resolution skills: facilitation, mediation and consensus building. The Balkans Peace Project. Cambridge, Massachussetts, USA.
  • [3] Björkell, S., 2008. Resistance to top- down conservation policy and the search for new participatory models. The case of Bergö- Malax’ Outer Archipelago in Finland. In J.Keulartz & G. Leistra (eds.): Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy: Case Studies in Multilevel Governance. Springer Verlag, pp. 109-126.
  • [4] Christopoulou O. & E. Trizoni, 2005. Planning of human activities based on views of local communities in protected areas : the case of Mountain Pelion, Greece. University of Thessaly, Department of Planning and Regional Development. Discussion Paper Series 11(9): 141-162.
  • [5] Henle, K., D. Alard, J. Clitherow, P. Cobb, L. Firbank, T. Kull, D. McCracken, R.F.A. Moritz, J. Niemelä, M. Rebane, D. Wascher, A. Watt & J. Young, 2008. Identifying and managing the conflicts between agriculture and biodiversity conservation in Europe A review. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 124: 60- 71.
  • [6] Hajer, M., 2003. A Frame in the Fields: Policy Making and the re-invention of Politics. In: Hajer. M and H. Wagenaar. (eds), 2003. Deliberative Policy Analysis: Understanding Governance in the Network Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 88-110.
  • [7] Healey, P., 1997. The communicative turn in planning theory and its implications for spatial strategy formulation. In: Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23: 217-234.
  • [8] Klijn E.H. & J.F.M. Koppenjan, 1997. Beleidsnetwerken als theoretische benadering: een tussenbalans. Beleidswetenschap (2): 143 -167.
  • [9] Kyllönen S. Colpaert A., Heikkinen H. Jokinen M. ,Kumpula, J. Marttunen M., Muje K. & Raitio K. 2006. Conflict Management as a Means to the sustainable use of natural resources. Silva Fennica 40 (4).
  • [10] Beunen R. (2006). European nature conservation legislation and spatial planning: for better Or for worse? Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 49(4): 605-619.
  • [11] Borrini-Fayerabend G., Kothari A., Oviedo G. (2004). Indigenous and local communities and protected areas. Toward equity and enhanced conservation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, Cambridge, UK.
  • [12] Daniels S. E., Walker G. B. (1997). Foundations of natural resource conflict. In: Solberg B., Miina S (eds) Proceedings of the international conference on conflict management and public participation in land management, Joensuu, Finland, 17-19 June 1996. EFI Proceedings, Vol. 14, pp. 13-36
  • [13] Delicath J. W., Elsenbeer M. F. A. (2004). Communication and public participation in environmental decision making. State University of New York, NY.
  • [14] Dimitrakopoulos P. G., Memtsas D., Troumbis A. Y. (2004). Questioning the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 Species Areas of Conservation strategy: the case of Crete. Global Ecology and Biogeography 13: 199-207.
  • [15] Grodzińska-Jurczak M. (2008). Rethinking of nature conservation policy in Poland—the need of human dimension approach. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 13: 5–7
  • [16] Harwood J. (2000). Risk assessment and decision analysis in conservation. Biological Conservation 95: 219-226.
  • [17] Alphandery P., Fortier A. (2001). Can a territorial Policy be based on science alone? The system for creating the Nature 2000 Network in France. Sociologia Ruralis 41(3): 311-328
  • [18] Apostolopoulou E., Pantis J. D. (2009). Conceptual gaps in the national strategy for the implementation of the European Natura 2000 conservation policy in Greece. Biological Conservation 142(1): 221-237.
  • [19] Audretsch D. B., Keilbach M. (2006). Entrepreneurship, growth and restructuring. discussion papers on entrepreneurship. Growth and Public Policy 2006-13, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Group for Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy
  • [20] Bath A. (2005). Seminar on transboundary management of large carnivore populations. Osilnica, Slovenia, 15-17 April 2005. Strasbourg: Council of Europe T-PVS (2005)
  • [21] Beaufoy G. (1998). The EU Habitats Directive in Spain: can it contribute effectively to the conservation of extensive agroecosystems? Journal of Applied Ecology 35: 974-978
  • [22] Bell S., Marzano M., Cent J., Kobierska H., Podjed D., Vandzinskaite D., Reinert H., Armaitiene A., Grodzinska-Jurczak M., Mursic R. (2008). What counts? Volunteers and their organisations in the recording and monitoring of biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 17(14): 3443-3454.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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