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2014 | 23 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Applying GIS to control transportation air pollutants

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Air pollution caused by motor vehicles is one of the most serious problems of civilized society. The aim of this paper is to develop a decision support system that can be used by authorities to reduce air pollution from road transport. The essence of this system consists of mathematical sub-models based on the computer program methodology for calculating emissions from road transport, (COPERT IV) and (CALINE3) – a versatile dispersion model for predicting air pollution levels near highways and arterial streets, in order to simulate the models of air pollutant emission and dispersion in the area along the Belgrade-Niš highway. These sub-models were integrated into a geographic information system (GIS), which was used for selecting critical areas where air pollution levels were above limits. The results showed the simulation of pollutant dispersion in two scenarios. In the first scenario, in the worst weather conditions, the concentrations of particulate matter (PM) and sulphur oxides (SO2) are the highest in more grids than in the case of two other pollutants, but the concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are more widespread. Moreover, the overall pollutant concentration is the highest in the area of Požarevac-V.Plana. In the second scenario, the concentration of all four parameters is the highest in the summer due to NW wind direction, and in autumn due to SE wind direction. It can be concluded that meteorological parameters and transportation characteristics have a significant influence on emission and dispersion of air pollutants.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
23
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.1849-1860,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, VJ 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia
autor
  • Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, VJ 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia
autor
  • Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, VJ 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia
autor
  • Technical Faculty in Bor, University of Belgrade, VJ 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia
Bibliografia
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  • 3. HASSAN I.A., BASAHI J.M. Assessing roadside condi­tions and vehicular emissions using roadside Lettuce plants. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 22, (2), 387, 2013.
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  • 10. Institute of Faculty of Traffic and Transport Engineering, University of Belgrade. Team leader: PAPIC V. Determination of air pollutants' emission from road trans­port by application of COPERT IV model of European agency for environment, October, 2010.
  • 11. PATRONAS D., KARIDA A., PAPADOPOULOU A., PSIHA A., XIPOLITOS K., KOKKINIS G., VOSNIAKOS K., GRAMMATIKIS B., VOSNIAKOS F., VASDEKIS K. Air pollution and noise pollution due to traffic in three Greek cities. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology. 10, (2), 332, 2009.
  • 12. VOSNIAKOS F., TRIANDAFYLLIS J., PRAPAS D., KARYDA A., MENTZELOU P., VASILIKIOTIS G., KARAGIANNIS D., LAZOU P., PAPASTAMOU A., VOS­NIAKOS K., ARGIRIADIS V. Urban air pollution due to vehicles in Katerini city on comparison basis (1999-2006). Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology. 9, (3), 485, 2008.
  • 13. ACCESS 2 MOUNTAIN. Sustainable mobility and tourism in sensitive areas of the Alps and Carpathians: Study on traf­fic flows and possible solutions in Eastern Serbia (Timok region). Final version, Zoi Environment Network. Belgrade and Geneva. 35, May 2013.
  • 14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E75_in_Serbia
  • 15. PIVIC R. N., STANOJKOVIC SEBIC A. B., JOSIC D. LJ. Assessment of soil and plant contamination by select heavy metals along a major european highway. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 22, (5), 1465, 2013.
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  • 18. SABAPATHY A. Air quality outcomes of fuel quality and vehicular technology improvements in Bangalore city, India. Transport. Res. D-Tr. E. 13, 449, 2008.
  • 19. BENSON P. E. CALINE3 - A Versatile Dispersion Model for Predicting Air Pollutant Levels Near Highways and Arterial Streets. Office of Transportation Laboratory, California Department of Transportation, Abridgement of: Report No. FHWA/CA/TL-79/23, Interim Report, 1979.
  • 20. Official gazette. Republic of Serbia, No. 54/92, 30/99, 19/2006.
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  • 22. GAJOS M., SIERKA E. GIS technology in environmental protection: Researh directions based on literature review. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 21, (2), 241, 2012.
  • 23. LIN M. D., LIN Y. C. The application of GIS to air quality analysis in Taichung sity, Taiwan, ROC. Environ. Modell. Softw. 17, 11, 2002.
  • 24. MA X., HUANG Z., KOUTSOPOULOS H. Integrated traf­fic and emission simulation: a model calibration approach using aggregate information. Environmental Modeling Assessment. DOI 10.1007/s10666-013-9397-8, accepted: 19 December, 2013.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-0768b889-5be8-4556-94c8-45c0410a4b19
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